GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Oct 2018, 19:57

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 49968
Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 09:27
2
1
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:04) correct 44% (01:29) wrong based on 456 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have revealed that the paintings contain depictions of numerous animals that are not found in that region of Switzerland but that are common on the Italian peninsula. It can therefore be concluded that the cave paintings were made by individuals who had traveled to Italy to see these animals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. The animals depicted were not native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct.

B. All of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species.

C. The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are not depicted in the cave paintings of other regions of Switzerland.

D. Tribes of humans that made the paintings engaged in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another.

E. There is no region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist.

_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2018
Posts: 2
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 10:21
Option D is correct, Since in the conclusion it is stated that "individuals who had traveled to Italy" this is the assumption that people have migrated from Switzerland to Italy
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 423
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 20:23
1
yes, choice d is best
choice A , i think, is go against the evidence. i see that for some og problems, some choice go against or repeat the evidence. this choice is dangerous trap for us.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2018
Posts: 2
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2018, 23:04
It may not be E since there is nothing mentioned about the co existence of animals in the countries & the option is in the negative sense.

Posted from my mobile device
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 49968
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2018, 21:24
2
Bunuel wrote:
Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have revealed that the paintings contain depictions of numerous animals that are not found in that region of Switzerland but that are common on the Italian peninsula. It can therefore be concluded that the cave paintings were made by individuals who had traveled to Italy to see these animals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. The animals depicted were not native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct.

B. All of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species.

C. The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are not depicted in the cave paintings of other regions of Switzerland.

D. Tribes of humans that made the paintings engaged in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another.

E. There is no region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



Whenever the GMAT asks you to find an assumption on which an argument relies, remember that your job is to first determine what the core part of the argument is and then to use the Assumption Negation technique to go through each of your answer choices and decide which of the answer choices, if negated, would most seriously damage the argument presented.

Here, you are told that some cave paintings in Lausanne, Switzerland contain depictions of animals found not in Switzerland but in Italy. From that, it is concluded that the paintings were made by individuals who traveled to Italy, saw the animals, and then returned and made the paintings. But could there be another reason that people in Lausanne could have been able to paint the Italian animals?

Choice (A), when negated, becomes "The animals depicted were native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct." This would directly undermine the argument that the only way that painters in Switzerland could have seen the animals is if they had gone to Italy. Choice (A) is therefore correct.

Choice (B) becomes "Not all of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species." Because the argument does not depend on all of the paintings being of nonnative animals, this is not an assumption on which the argument depends.

Choice (C) becomes "The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are depicted in the cave paintings in other regions of Switzerland." This would not change the conclusion given.

Choice (D) becomes "Tribes of humans that made the paintings did not engage in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another." While this is close to contradicting what is given in the passage, it is talking about tribes in general, which does not mean that an individual or two could not have travelled to Italy and back again.

Choice (E) becomes "There is a region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist" when negated. While this is similar to A, the argument depends on the distribution of Italy's animals, not of Switzerland's, so choice (E) can be eliminated.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Jun 2018
Posts: 25
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jul 2018, 11:10
Quote:
Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have revealed that the paintings contain depictions of numerous animals that are not found in that region of Switzerland but that are common on the Italian peninsula. It can therefore be concluded that the cave paintings were made by individuals who had traveled to Italy to see these animals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. The animals depicted were not native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct.

B. All of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species.

C. The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are not depicted in the cave paintings of other regions of Switzerland.

D. Tribes of humans that made the paintings engaged in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another.

E. There is no region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist.


Approach -
Negating A destorys the argument
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 11 Mar 2014
Posts: 145
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2018, 23:53
Hope your preparation is going well.
The premise of the argument is -Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have revealed that the paintings contain depictions of numerous animals that are not found in that region of Switzerland but that is common on the Italian peninsula
The conclusion of the argument is - It can, therefore, be concluded that the cave paintings were made by individuals who had traveled to Italy to see these animals.
It is a causal pattern and in this pattern, the assumption is that there is no other cause for the desired effect. It means that there is no reason apart from the one cited in the argument of the paintings of animals found in Lausanne region.
Once you have predicted what the answer should do then the next step is to do the process of elimination.
A- This choice eliminates other possibility and hence is in sync with our predicted answer choice.
B- This answer choice is extreme as we are not concerned with all paintings.
C- This choice is out of scope.
D- No mention of any seasonal migration. The humans that made the paintings could have visited the Italian region where these species are found only once for all that we know.
E- We are not concerned with animals in Itlay.
A is the correct answer.
Pattern identification helps in solving the questions quickly. Also, remember two ways of eliminating the incorrect answer choices
1. Eliminate answer which is extreme in nature
2. Choices which are beyond the discussion of the arguments should not be entertained as the final answer.
Hope this helps!! Keep practicing.
Consistency is the key to do well in GMAT.
All the best!
PythaGURUS Faculty Team
_________________

Our GMAT Program- Creating 750+ Scores
Our MBA Consulting- Top Schools and significant Scholarships
PythaGURUS Education
http://www.pythagurus.in

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Apr 2017
Posts: 35
CAT Tests
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2018, 07:31
Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have revealed that the paintings contain depictions of numerous animals that are not found in that region of Switzerland but that are common on the Italian peninsula. It can therefore be concluded that the cave paintings were made by individuals who had traveled to Italy to see these animals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. The animals depicted were not native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct.

B. All of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species.

C. The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are not depicted in the cave paintings of other regions of Switzerland.

D. Tribes of humans that made the paintings engaged in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another.

E. There is no region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist.

negating main point:
painting is not made by person who travelled to italy.
given that a)all paintings have animals not from switzlnd but from italy

pre-think:
1.what if those animals have been carried to switzlnd
2. what if those existed and then got extinct

look at the options:

A. The animals depicted were not native to Switzerland when the paintings were made before going locally extinct.
this matches the pre-think. hence correct

B. All of the Lausanne paintings contain representations of nonnative species.
on negating it, all paintings dont contain representation of non--native species. this doesnot mean, they contain native species. hence it could be no animals also. like negation of positive is zero or negative. hence not a sufficient answer.

C. The animals depicted in the paintings in Lausanne are not depicted in the cave paintings of other regions of Switzerland.
evn if animals are depicted in cave of other regions. it doesnot say anything about main point.

D. Tribes of humans that made the paintings engaged in seasonal migration from one region of Europe to another.
even if tribes didnt engage in migration, it doesnot say painting is made locally. since they could migrate everyday. not seasonal means could be any possible time of migration. hence its an incomplete picture

E. There is no region where animals typical of both Switzerland and Italy coexist.
even if there exist a common region, painter could have travelled. hence not correct
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have &nbs [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 07:31
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Analyses of cave paintings in the Lausanne region of Switzerland have

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.