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# Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows,

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VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
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Location: Taiwan
Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2005, 22:32
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Question Stats:

59% (02:52) correct 41% (02:03) wrong based on 729 sessions

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Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, therefore, that it confers survival advantages on organisms. After all, if bilateral symmetry did not confer such advantages, it would not be common.

The pattern of reasoning in which one of the following arguments is most similar to that in the argument above?

(A) Since it is Sawyer who is negotiating for the city government, it must be true that the city takes the matter seriously. After all, if Sawyer had not been available, the city would have insisted that the negotiations be deferred.
(B) Clearly, no candidate is better qualified for the job than Trumbull. In fact, even to suggest that there might be a more highly qualified candidate seems absurd to those who have seen Trumbull at work.
(C) If Powell lacked superior negotiating skills, she would not have been appointed arbitrator in this case. As everyone knows, she is the appointed arbitrator, so her negotiating skills are, detractors notwithstanding, bound to be superior.
(D) Since Varga was away on vacation at the time, it must have been Rivers who conducted the secret negotiations. Any other scenario makes little sense, for Rivers never does the negotiating unless Varga is unavailable.
(E) If Wong is appointed arbitrator, a decision will be reached promptly. Since it would be absurd to appoint anyone other than Wong as arbitrator, a prompt decision can reasonably be expected.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Joined: 28 Jun 2008
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23 Aug 2008, 14:42
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(C)

stem follows: x hence y; if not y then not x (where x: common and y:advantage)

among choices, try to establish similar logic:

a) x hence y; if not x then not y
b) no clear logical seq
c) x then y; if not y then not x (x: lacked skills, y: not appointed)
d) not x then y; not y if x
e) x then y; not x, hence y

apologies for a bit cryptic response, but i know who is reading this ..
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rainmaker

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23 Aug 2008, 12:16
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If A is true for B, A is true for C. Otherwise if A is not true for C, A is not true for B also.

If powell lacks skills, powell misses appoinment. But Powell is appointed, so she has skills.
C clearly wins.
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18 Mar 2005, 12:56
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(1)symmetry is common so its an advantage.
(2)not an advantage will not be common

C has got this down similary.
Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2004
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19 Mar 2005, 10:31
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Circular reasoning in the stem. C mimics that.
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24 Aug 2008, 00:14
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C)
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24 Aug 2008, 00:21
1
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chunjuwu wrote:
Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, therefore, that it confers survival advantages on organisms. After all, if bilateral symmetry did not confer such advantages, it would not be common.

The pattern of reasoning in which one of the following arguments is most similar to that in the argument above?

(A) Since it is Sawyer who is negotiating for the city government, it must be true that the city takes the matter seriously. After all, if Sawyer had not been available, the city would have insisted that the negotiations be deferred.

(B) Clearly, no candidate is better qualified for the job than Trumbull. In fact, even to suggest that there might be a more highly qualified candidate seems absurd to those who have seen Trumbull at work.

(C) If Powell lacked superior negotiating skills, she would not have been appointed arbitrator in this case. As everyone knows, she is the appointed arbitrator, so her negotiating skills are, detractors notwithstanding, bound to be superior.

(D) Since Varga was away on vacation at the time, it must have been Rivers who conducted the secret negotiations. Any other scenario makes little sense, for Rivers never does the negotiating unless Varga is unavailable.

(E) If Wong is appointed arbitrator, a decision will be reached promptly. Since it would be absurd to appoint anyone other than Wong as arbitrator, a prompt decision can reasonably be expected.

I agree with everyone on C.
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Joined: 07 Nov 2010
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10 Nov 2010, 09:51
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These are for sure the questions I find the most difficult of the whole test...luckily there is just a few of them...
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11 Nov 2010, 09:17
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circular reasoning isn't it?
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27 Aug 2008, 03:13
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27 Aug 2008, 19:23
C makes most sense
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10 Nov 2010, 10:32
c
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10 Nov 2010, 16:44
C. Circular Reasoning
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11 Nov 2010, 00:41
agree with c.
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11 Nov 2010, 08:04
+1 C
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11 Nov 2010, 08:12
C
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Re: Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 08:23
+1 for C.
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Re: Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 10:50
+1 for C. Circular reasoning.
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CR notes
http://gmatclub.com/forum/massive-collection-of-verbal-questions-sc-rc-and-cr-106195.html#p832142
http://gmatclub.com/forum/1001-ds-questions-file-106193.html#p832133
http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-critical-reasoning-collection-106783.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html?hilit=chineseburned

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Re: Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 14:51
+1 C
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Re: Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows, [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2011, 18:37
Method of reasoning in the argument is kind of "If.. then..." and "If not... then". Follow it, only C is the best candidate :D
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Re: Anatomical bilateral symmetry is a common trait. It follows,   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2011, 18:37

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