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Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on

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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 05:23
megha_2709 wrote:
7 mins ,2 incorrect !!.

Thanks for posting good question. Would further welcome more tips to improve RC

Regards
Megha


Can you please help on the 4th question
I am unable to comprehend it!
DNA evidence concerning the anoles led researchers to conclude that habitat specialists on one island are not closely related to the same habitat specialists elsewhere, indicating that specialists evolved independently on each island.

How to get that information from the above lines
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2016, 06:15
RDhin wrote:
megha_2709 wrote:
7 mins ,2 incorrect !!.

Thanks for posting good question. Would further welcome more tips to improve RC

Regards
Megha


Can you please help on the 4th question
I am unable to comprehend it!
DNA evidence concerning the anoles led researchers to conclude that habitat specialists on one island are not closely related to the same habitat specialists elsewhere, indicating that specialists evolved independently on each island.

How to get that information from the above lines


Hi RDhin,

Apologies for late response . Below is my explanation for the 4th question.

Biologists can infer how species are related evolutionarily by comparing DNA sequences for the same genes in different species.
Species with similar DNA sequences for these genes are generally more closely related to each other than to species with less-similar DNA sequences that means closely related species will have similar DNA Sequences for the same genes. They performed an experiment and they found
same habitat species on diff island do not have similar DNA sequences which means they are not at all related to each other. for e.g if grass dwellers of 1 island is to be related to grass dweller of another island their DNA sequences should be similar ,but scientist found that DNA sequences for same habitat species on diff island are not similar at all , which led to our conclusion that same habitat species on diff island are not closely related at all and each species evolved independently one each island



Now coming to the question: The passage suggests that if a grass-dwelling anole lizard species evolved on one island and then traveled over water to colonize a second island, the grass-dwelling anoles on the two islands would eventually
As per the passage if the species evolved only once and travelled to colonize the islands then similar species would have been closely related right ?
D States the same that if the above mentioned scenario would have happened then species would be closely related . Hence D is our correct answer.

I hope this helps. Please do let me know if you need further help :)

Regards
Megha
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2016, 20:08
Guys, the last paragraph mentions that 'Biologists can infer how species are related evolutionarily by comparing DNA sequences for the same genes in different species'. Can the biologists referred to in this sentence be extended to refer to scientists? Are we allowed to perform such generalizations on RC?
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 20:51
Good RC! 10:48 mins. 3:37 for reading passage.
Answers: All correct.
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 20:53
gmat_for_life wrote:
Guys, the last paragraph mentions that 'Biologists can infer how species are related evolutionarily by comparing DNA sequences for the same genes in different species'. Can the biologists referred to in this sentence be extended to refer to scientists? Are we allowed to perform such generalizations on RC?



IMHO: I would say no. But then, it really depends on the context in which you are making the generalizations. Were they required here? Not sure.
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2016, 00:25
AN225 wrote:
Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on certain Caribbean islands occupy different habitats: some live only in the grass, some only on tree trunks, and some only on twigs. These species also differ morphologically: grass dwellers are slender with long tails, tree dwellers are stocky with long legs, twig dwellers are slender but stubby-legged. What is striking about these lizards is not that coexisting species differ in morphology and habitat use (such differences are common among closely related sympatric species), but that the same three types of habitat specialists occur on each of four islands: Puerto Rico, Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. Moreover, the Puerto Rican twig species closely resembles the twig species of Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica in morphology, habitat use, and behavior. Likewise, the specialists for other habitats are similar across the islands.

The presence of similar species on different islands could be variously explained. An ancestral species might have adapted to exploit a particular ecological niche on one island and then traveled over water to colonize other islands. Or this ancestral species might have evolved at a time when the islands were connected, which some of these islands may once have been. After the islands separated, the isolated lizard populations would have become distinct species while also retaining their ancestors' niche adaptations. Both of these scenarios imply that specialization to each niche occurred only once. Alternatively, each specialist could have arisen independently on each of the islands.

If each type of specialist evolved just once, then similar specialists on different islands would be closely related. Conversely, if the specialists evolved independently on each island, then a specialist on one island would be more closely related to other types of anoles on the same island—regardless of their ecological niches—than it would be to a similar specialist on a different island.

Biologists can infer how species are related evolutionarily by comparing DNA sequences for the same genes in different species. Species with similar DNA sequences for these genes are generally more closely related to each other than to species with less-similar DNA sequences. DNA evidence concerning the anoles led researchers to conclude that habitat specialists on one island are not closely related to the same habitat specialists elsewhere, indicating that specialists evolved independently on each island.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. describe some unusual features of anole lizard species
B. account for a particular type of behavior found among anole lizard species
C. contrast two types of evidence that have been used to support a particular hypothesis concerning anole lizard species
D. explain how researchers resolved a particular scientific question concerning anole lizard species
E. examine different explanations for a particular trait common to certain anole lizard species
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. Which of the following best describes the purpose of the highlighted sentence?
A. It raises a question about why coexisting anole lizard species occupy the different types of habitats mentioned in the first sentence.
B. It introduces a fact about anole lizard species that the passage will go on to explore.
C. It identifies a particular aspect of anole lizard behavior that distinguishes anoles from other lizard species.
D. It explains why one aspect of anole lizard species' habitat use has been difficult to account for.
E. It points out a surprising relationship between morphology and habitat use that is explained in the concluding paragraph.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


3. It can be inferred form the passage that which of the following is true of the Cuban tree-dwelling anole lizard and the Jamaican tree-dwelling anole lizard?
A. They share a morphology characterized by stocky bodies and long legs.
B. They have bodies that are relatively slender compared to their stubby legs.
C. They differ significantly form one another in size.
D. They differ significantly from one another in behavior and habitat use.
E. They are genetically closely related to one another.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


4. The passage suggests that if a grass-dwelling anole lizard species evolved on one island and then traveled over water to colonize a second island, the grass-dwelling anoles on the two islands would eventually
A. develop very different DNA sequences
B. develop into different species that are more distantly related to each other than to tree- and twig-dwelling anoles on their own islands
C. come to differ significantly from one another in habitat use
D. develop into different, but closely related, species
E. evolve significant morphological differences
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D



PLEASE SPECIFY HOW MUCH TIME DID YOU SPEND SOLVING THE PROBLEMS!


All correct (D,B,A,D) but time taken just over 9 min :(
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2016, 22:10
2. Which of the following best describes the purpose of the highlighted sentence?
A. It raises a question about why coexisting anole lizard species occupy the different types of habitats mentioned in the first sentence.
B. It introduces a fact about anole lizard species that the passage will go on to explore.
C. It identifies a particular aspect of anole lizard behavior that distinguishes anoles from other lizard species.
D. It explains why one aspect of anole lizard species' habitat use has been difficult to account for.
E. It points out a surprising relationship between morphology and habitat use that is explained in the concluding paragraph.

Between B& E, why E is wrong because it explores "surprising relationship between morphology and habitat use"

What is striking _four islands: Puerto Rico, Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. => same three types of habitat specialists
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2016, 18:54
abrakadabra21 wrote:
2. Which of the following best describes the purpose of the highlighted sentence?
A. It raises a question about why coexisting anole lizard species occupy the different types of habitats mentioned in the first sentence.
B. It introduces a fact about anole lizard species that the passage will go on to explore.
C. It identifies a particular aspect of anole lizard behavior that distinguishes anoles from other lizard species.
D. It explains why one aspect of anole lizard species' habitat use has been difficult to account for.
E. It points out a surprising relationship between morphology and habitat use that is explained in the concluding paragraph.

Between B& E, why E is wrong because it explores "surprising relationship between morphology and habitat use"

What is striking _four islands: Puerto Rico, Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. => same three types of habitat specialists


Hi,

Refer your PM,
The highlighted portion does tell us that the relationship between morphology and habitat use is not the surprising fact as many other too have the same relationship.
There are changes that occur due to the type of habitat one uses..
It is why same species are found at four different locations.
Now this is a fact and author gives reasoning for it later in the para.
So B shud be correct .
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 10:48
Can someone pls help with explanation of Q4. Why is 'B' not a correct answer?

Thanks in advance
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2017, 11:58
I'm not convinced on Q1: D

3 reasons:

(1): Where are these researchers that the statement is mentioning? The biologists in the 3rd paragraph? Seems to me like the author presented an interesting fact..and found evidence supporting one explanation of that.

(2): There isn't any implied mentioning of researchers raising a question. The author himself/herself seems to be interested but that's a different story.

(3): In the first paragraph: we have "The presence of similar species on different islands could be variously explained." This sets the stage for the explanations following afterwards which, IMO, is the core of the passage.
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Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2017, 19:47
D B A D

Spent 12 mins.... read the whole passage :think:
Re: Anole lizard species that occur together (sympatrically) on   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2017, 19:47

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