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11 Feb 2011, 01:52
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (02:09) correct 44% (01:20) wrong based on 142 sessions

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Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.

A. is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise,
B. is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,
C. so reflective that little polar ice melts during the summer, or else
D. reflective, so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer, or
E. reflects so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; if it did
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PTK on 13 Feb 2011, 08:31, edited 2 times in total.
underlined, changed ans to B
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:00
"So" is needed here for contrast and ||-ism

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

However,

yet temperatures are so x and ice is so y
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:07
I agree with Mackieman.

I has to be B. If not then please explain.
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:09
Agreed.. Except for B and C all other options are eliminated because of this reason straight I think
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:09
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A, D and E are wrong on the usage of the idiom ‘so x that’. The expression ‘the temperatures are ‘so cold’ and the ice cap is reflective/ reflective / reflects, ‘so that’ flouts the idiom norms.

B maintains the ‘so x that’ structure. In addition the subjunctive phrase ‘were it to do so’ indicates that the feared rise in the levels of ocean water is more a fancy than real.

C is also grammatically correct as far as the idiom is concerned, but logically it alters the meaning. The phrase ‘or else’ means ‘if not’ and the clause then means that if not the little polar ice melted, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet. The question is whether the water level would rise, if no ice or even very little ever melted.

I would also question the validity of using a comma to separate the ‘or else’ clause. I think it will be legitimate to use a semicolon rather.

B must be the choice. A tricky one indeed
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:15
And between B and C, I think the answer is B.

C seems to say theat either little ice melts or else the water levels will rise..normally, either X Or Else Y is used when the two conditions are of equal probability.

Here, the probability is only hypothetical of all ice melting..and thus B, which discusses this scenario treating it as a hypothesis, saying -'were it to do so..' seems the right choice.
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 07:47

D and E seem awkward.
B and C are eliminated bcoz "That" in choices B and C refer to ice cap while "little polar ice melts during the summer both because icecap is reflective and temperatures are cold".

In A this error is corrected.Therefore A.
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2011, 13:34
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2011, 21:37
Please underline.It becomes hard to figure out the portion under question.
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2011, 04:20
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sou ... t1315.html
Ans is B!
PLS Check ur sources before u post answers
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2011, 19:54
alltimeacheiver wrote:
Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.

B. is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,

Can somebody please clarify what does "it" refer to in choice B?. It is relative pronoun and it must refer to preceding noun but a semi-colon has appeared here. Does that rule still apply?
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2011, 20:22
UtterNonsense wrote:
alltimeacheiver wrote:
Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.

B. is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,

Can somebody please clarify what does "it" refer to in choice B?. It is relative pronoun and it must refer to preceding noun but a semi-colon has appeared here. Does that rule still apply?

I believe that here "it" is being used to postpone "to do" (Infinitive clause).
Ex. To swim is good
Better : It is good to swim.
Both are correct but GMAT prefer second version on stylistic ground.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me kudos.

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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2011, 22:38
B uses the Idiomatic form So x that Y
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 06:30
rphardu wrote:
UtterNonsense wrote:
alltimeacheiver wrote:

I believe that here "it" is being used to postpone "to do" (Infinitive clause).
Ex. To swim is good
Better : It is good to swim.
Both are correct but GMAT prefer second version on stylistic ground.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me kudos.

Thanks

I think there is a difference between when "it" is used at the starting of the sentence and when used in the middle somewhere just like the pronoun "that". Pronoun "that" at the starting of the sentence would mean "the fact that" but when not used as the first word then it serves as totally different purpose. Any idea on this thing?
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Re: DIFFICULT ONE..PLS EXPLAIN PROCEDURE OF ELIMINATION [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 07:54
+1 for B
"so that" in A, D and E, and "is" missing in C.
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19 Dec 2011, 02:04
i was thinking about C..can someone explain what is wrong in that.
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