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# Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on

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02 Aug 2011, 06:30
rphardu wrote:
UtterNonsense wrote:
alltimeacheiver wrote:

I believe that here "it" is being used to postpone "to do" (Infinitive clause).
Ex. To swim is good
Better : It is good to swim.
Both are correct but GMAT prefer second version on stylistic ground.

I hope my explanation helped, If indeed please give me kudos.

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I think there is a difference between when "it" is used at the starting of the sentence and when used in the middle somewhere just like the pronoun "that". Pronoun "that" at the starting of the sentence would mean "the fact that" but when not used as the first word then it serves as totally different purpose. Any idea on this thing?

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02 Aug 2011, 07:54
+1 for B
"so that" in A, D and E, and "is" missing in C.
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07 Mar 2012, 12:12
It is a main clause after semicolon in B , so there is no problem with that choice.

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07 Mar 2012, 17:08
B it is, since...

correct use of idiom so... that
parallel construction, in parallel with "temperatures are so cold "
Use of "were it to do so" correctly represents past subjunctive mood which can be interpreted as "otherwise".

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08 Mar 2012, 06:38
Basically this is a parallelism question. B is the correct answer as it correctly maintains the parallelism (so cold and so reflective).
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17 Jan 2013, 02:12
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Hello, everyone:

I'll take up the cause of "what does 'it' refer to in choice B" a little further. In B, not only does the pronoun "it" present a reference problem, but the phrase "were it to do so" also has no logical referent. Because we're already saying that "little polar ice melts", so "were it to do so" only confirms that, yes, it does melt...but we've already acknowledge that. Without a transition like "were MORE ice to melt", this phrase is illogical.

Interestingly, in Googling this question to see if I could find an official source for it, I've found an alternate version of choice B that begins:

were it NOT to do so

Even that seems dubious to me as that would also seem an illogical meaning (were little ice NOT to melt...), but the whole process makes me wonder a bit about the true wording of this question. B, as written, cannot be correct, but C doesn't look to be correct either (the "or else" is a bit of a run-on sentence). Does anyone have the original source on this one? Since there are a few versions of these answer choices out there, I wonder if the exact question is worded differently than we have it .

I am glad my reasoning resonates with that of yours
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16 Dec 2013, 07:33
i am a lil skeptical about using little of the polar ice melts

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16 Jul 2015, 08:27
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Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.

(A) is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise,

(B) is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,

(C) so reflective that little polar ice melts during the summer, or else

(D) reflective, so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer, or

(E) reflects so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; if it did

Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Sep 2017, 00:50, edited 2 times in total.
Reformatted the question.

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17 Jul 2015, 01:35
When it comes to semi colon questions i'm always at my wits end... What I know is that if a sentence makes sense on its own after a semi colon then it's right.
Here in this question, I marked C although B made the most sense to me. I thought "were it to do so" after a semi colon didn't make much sense as it has no antecedent...
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17 Jul 2015, 07:58
Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.
A. is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, The idiom is so (adj)..that
B. is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,
C. so reflective that little polar ice melts during the summer, or else "or else" isn't appropriate
D. reflective, so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer, or The idiom is so (adj)..that, "or" isn't appropriate
E. reflects so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; if it did changes the meaning of the original sentence
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29 Jul 2015, 12:28
OptimusPrepJanielle wrote:
Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on Earth, yet the temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, the water levels of the oceans would rise 250 feet and engulf most of the world’s great cities.
A. is reflective, so that little polar ice melts during the summer; otherwise, The idiom is so (adj)..that
B. is so reflective that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; were it to do so,
C. so reflective that little polar ice melts during the summer, or else "or else" isn't appropriate
D. reflective, so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer, or The idiom is so (adj)..that, "or" isn't appropriate
E. reflects so that little of the polar ice melts during the summer; if it did changes the meaning of the original sentence

In my opinion, the part after the semicolon needs to be a contrast. Were it to do so here seems to stand for little melting of the polar ice, that is currently happening.

Were it to do so is hypothetical subjunctive and should represent something that isn't happening or may happen. 'Do so' should be replaced with 'not to do so'. It would then mean that a lot of ice is melting. This is what would lead to increase in the water level.

That is why i believe A is a better choicechoice as the other options defy parallelism.

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29 Jul 2015, 21:36
I think the contrast is in - built in B; the use of the negative term ‘little’ is critical here. The choice means that very little or no ice melts in summer. If it were to melt, (to do so, means ‘to melt’ and not “not to melt”), then the water levels will rise.
Does it help?
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31 Jul 2015, 03:16
Going by how the sentence should sound.."yet" is common to "the temperatures are so cold" and "the ice cap is reflective".. However these two entities are parallel only in C.ie. "so cold" and "so reflective".

Also as per option B: "little of the polar ice melts".. is the usage "little of" correct?

However, "were it to do so" makes more sense than "or else".

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31 Jul 2015, 22:53
In B, the portion of the sentence after the semicolon, frankly makes it quite a tough choice. I don't recollect seeing a similar structure on an official question (is it really GMATPrep?)

rishabchoraria wrote:
That is why i believe A is a better choicechoice as the other options defy parallelism.

The meaning that A depicts is a bit strange because of the presence of so that, which basically means in order to (showing intent).

So, A would suggest that intentionally (by nature's design??) temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is reflective in order to limit the melting of polar ice during the summer.
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10 Aug 2015, 11:53
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02 Sep 2015, 17:06
How is B better than C?

The "were it to do so" in B does not make sense. It could only refer to "little of the polar ice melting" but if little ice melts how can it result in water levels rising above 250 feet?

Thanks!

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15 Dec 2015, 06:50
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05 Feb 2016, 23:54
The temperatures are so cold and the ice cap is so reflective. Parellelism

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06 Feb 2016, 06:43
The temperatures are so cold and ice cap is so reflective.
"The temperatures are so cold" , "Ice cap is so reflective" - Can stand on its own.

Is the above statement not a run on sentence? I thought as Run-on and hence opt for C.

Can someone explain me on the concept where I m lagging here?

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12 Apr 2016, 17:13
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Re: Antarctica receives more solar radiation than does any other place on   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2016, 17:13

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