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# Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom

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Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2009
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Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2012, 23:25
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Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of economic shifts that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills.

(A) that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(B) having depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(C) that have depressed the wages of workers with few or no technical skills
(D) in which the workers' wages with few or no technical skills have been depressed
(E) in that workers with few or no technical skills have wages that are depressed
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 07 Jun 2017, 06:05, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2012, 01:01
Anti-poverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of economic shifts that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills.

[strike]A) that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills[/strike] - Eliminate from "little"
[strike]B) having depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills[/strike] - Eliminate from "having"
C) that have depressed the wages of workers with few or no technical skills
[strike]D) in which the workers' wages with few or no technical skills have been depressed[/strike] - Eliminate from "workers' wages". Also, the original sentence implies that the shifts have depressed the wages. D decreases the significance of the depression of wages through its usage of "which".
[strike]E) in that workers with few or no technical skills have wages that are depressed[/strike] - Eliminate from "in that"

So let's go with C.

Last edited by geometric on 10 Jun 2012, 01:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2012, 01:04
Anti-poverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of economic shifts that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills.

A) that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
INCORRECT: can't say "with little or no technical skills." That's like saying "with little technical skills," it should be with "few technical skills."

B) having depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
INCORRECT: again the use of "little" is wrong.

C) that have depressed the wages of workers with few or no technical skills
CORRECT: uses "few"

D) in which the workers' wages with few or no technical skills have been depressed
INCORRECT: is saying that the wages have few or no technical skills

E) in that workers with few or no technical skills have wages that are depressed
INCORRECT: use of "in that" is wrong
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2012, 10:23
how did you guys decide whether to use few or little, is skill a countable or uncountable noun
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2012, 10:28
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I think skills would be countable. For example, "I have one skill (reading)." Or "I have two skills (reading and writing)."

I think skills are countable but the level of skill is not. For example, "He has little skill in reading (his level of reading is poor)."
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 16:26
about this question, I am a little bit skeptical about the fast that skill is considered a countable work. As said before I have the feeling that it could be both considered as countable or uncountable (you can think of the number of "skills" a person has, or "his skills" as a word to mean his "competence" or "his ability' to do the work and in this case it is uncountable). Can somebody clarify this?
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2013, 05:35
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Jackouille wrote:
about this question, I am a little bit skeptical about the fast that skill is considered a countable work. As said before I have the feeling that it could be both considered as countable or uncountable (you can think of the number of "skills" a person has, or "his skills" as a word to mean his "competence" or "his ability' to do the work and in this case it is uncountable). Can somebody clarify this?

Hi Jackouille,

Yes, "Skill" can be both countable and uncountable. In the question's context few is correct few would be appropriate. "Skills" in the question are countable; a worker may have accounting skills, computer skills etc..

He has fewer technical skills than I have. -- > correct

He has lesser technical skills than I have. -- > incorrect

"skills" the plural form of "skill" is almost always used as a countable

Consider the sentence - It doesn't take much skill to ride a bicycle with support wheels. -- skill is used as uncountable here

Hope it helps.

Vercules
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2014, 19:28
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2015, 12:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 08:31
Hello,

Can anyone give some examples of the use of 'skill' in the uncountable context?

Thanks
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2016, 21:10
AkashKashyap wrote:
Hello,

Can anyone give some examples of the use of 'skill' in the uncountable context?

Thanks

"Skill" is uncountable when referring to expertise in a particular field.
I have little skill in repairing computers.... (uncountable)

However "skill" can also be used as countable as in the example below:
I have a few skills that include repairing computers.... (countable)
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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15 May 2017, 06:12
Anti-poverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of economic shifts that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills.

(A) that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(B) having depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(C) that have depressed the wages of workers with few or no technical skills
(D) in which the workers' wages with few or no technical skills have been depressed
(E) in that workers with few or no technical skills have wages that are depressed

GMATNinjaTwo NOUN + having + VERBing is always WRONG? (shifts having depressed).
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 16:21
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I'm pretty certain that you would never use "having + verb" immediately after a noun. The only correct uses of "having + verb" that I've seen on the GMAT look something like this:

• Having studied for the GMAT for years, Souvik finally scored in the 99th percentile this week. --> technically speaking, "having studied" modifies Souvik, and the sequencing makes sense: he studied first, then scored in the 99th percentile
• Having eaten dinner already, Amber immediately began pounding shots at the dinner party. --> also fine, since Amber ate dinner first, and then began drinking heavily at the dinner party

But I can't come up with a correct version of the "noun + having + verb" construction in (B).

I hope this helps!
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Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2017, 06:11
NYCAnalyst wrote:
Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of economic shifts that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills.

(A) that have depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(B) having depressed wages of workers with little or no technical skills
(C) that have depressed the wages of workers with few or no technical skills
(D) in which the workers' wages with few or no technical skills have been depressed
(E) in that workers with few or no technical skills have wages that are depressed

"having had" is actually a modifier phrase and not used often on the GMAT. "have had" is present perfect.

Below are examples of how each could be used in a sentence:

Having had chicken pox as a child, I will never get that disease again.

I have had chicken pox only once in my life.

GMATNinja, Could you help to explain the correct usage and the meaning of "having had", "have had / has had" and "had had"?
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2017, 07:52
hazelnut wrote:
Could you help to explain the correct usage and the meaning of "having had", "have had / has had" and "had had"?

Hi hazelnut, the thing is that have / has / had can be used as verbs, depicting the meaning of possession.

For example:

I have a car.

This sentence is in simple present. The presence of have in this sentence does not make this sentence present perfect. Here, have is used as a verb denoting possession (I possess a car).

The corresponding simple past of this sentence would be:

I had a car 2 years back.

The corresponding present perfect of this sentence would be:

I have had a car for 2 years.

Here, have is the indicator of present perfect, while had is a past participle of the verb have.

The corresponding past perfect of this sentence would be:

I had had a car for 2 years, before it developed a snag.

Here, first had is the indicator of past perfect, while second had is a past participle of the verb have.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these avatars of have had/has had, its application and examples. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference
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Re: Antipoverty initiatives have had to contend with two decades of econom   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2017, 07:52
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