It is currently 18 Oct 2017, 11:50

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Appositive vs Relative Clause

Author Message
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2010
Posts: 353

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 17

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2011, 22:38
Global warming, a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by humans, will soon make humans pay.

Global warming, which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by humans, will soon make humans pay.

Which one between the above 2 is preferable and why? This is just a specific, may not be ideal, example, but I want to understand when should one be used and when the other.

Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 17

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1109

Kudos [?]: 1170 [3], given: 29

Re: Appositive vs Relative Clause [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Jul 2011, 23:54
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Both are grammatically correct, and in their current form they convey similar meanings. However, they don't need to be worded identically in other respects. For instance, your second sentence could be shortened to: "Global warming, which most scientists agree is caused by humans, will soon make humans pay." Let's look at some contrasting examples:

1) Japan, a country with a long tradition of multigenerational households, is seen by some Americans as a model to be emulated.

2) Japan, which has a long tradition of multigenerational households, is seen by some Americans as a model to be emulated.

Either of these options would work. I think #1 would be better to introduce a new idea, while #2 sounds like something from the middle of a paragraph. Again, note that when we use "which," we drop the noun that was used in the appositive. If we kept it in ("which is a country"), it would imply that we are telling our reader something they are unlikely to know. Consider this opener:

1) The GMAT, a test used for admission to MBA programs . . .
2) The GMAT, which is a test used for admission to MBA programs . . .
3) The GMAT, which is used for admission to MBA programs . . .

Note that the third option implies that we have heard of the GMAT, or at least that we know it is a test, but that we may not know that it is used for MBA admissions. In other cases, the appositive may serve this function:
1) Even the elephant, one of the largest animals in the world, begins its life as a single cell.
2) Even the elephant, which is one of the largest animals in the world, begins its life as a single cell.

Here there is no equivalent to #3 (we can't drop the word "animals"), so #1 is probably best. #1 stresses that elephants are very large, while #2 makes it seem like we don't already know that.

Feel free to try out other sentences, and I will be happy to weigh in on them, but the basic idea here is that there is no strict rule determining which form to use. They are quite similar in effect, but fine shades of meaning can make one form preferable to the other. In terms of the GMAT, I don't see this making a big difference one way or the other, except that you might go with the form that allows you to shave off a few excess words.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 1170 [3], given: 29

Manager
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 190

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 7

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.6
WE: Project Management (Computer Software)
Re: Appositive vs Relative Clause [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2011, 01:35
Thanks Dmitry for The Great Explanation !!!
_________________

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-guide-to-the-official-guide-13-for-gmat-review-134210.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kudos [?]: 71 [0], given: 7

Intern
Joined: 24 Dec 2015
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 2

Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
WE: Marketing (Consulting)

### Show Tags

30 Jun 2017, 13:20
DmitryFarber Thanks for the great explanation. I have a somewhat similar query from a question that I came across on the actual GMAT and I am hoping you can resolve my confusion.

I have difficulty in using 'about which'. Sometimes I understand it, sometimes I get bogged down by it. Can you please tell which of these two sentences is more preferable per GMAT vocabulary?

He works for a TV network, about which I know nothing.
He works for a TV network (which) I know nothing about.

The actual question I came across on GMAT was slightly different and more difficult than the above. I wish I remembered more of the actual question but focusing on the question on the screen as if it were the only thing in the world that matters and then moving on to the next and giving it the same attention has its consequences.

Can you please use 'about which' in a more complex sentence and share a few scenarios where test takers might falter? Thank you so much in advance.

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 2

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2016
Posts: 268

Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 102

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Olin '19 (A)
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.7
WE: General Management (Other)
Re: Appositive vs Relative Clause [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jul 2017, 03:20
swapnak wrote:
DmitryFarber Thanks for the great explanation. I have a somewhat similar query from a question that I came across on the actual GMAT and I am hoping you can resolve my confusion.

I have difficulty in using 'about which'. Sometimes I understand it, sometimes I get bogged down by it. Can you please tell which of these two sentences is more preferable per GMAT vocabulary?

He works for a TV network, about which I know nothing.
He works for a TV network (which) I know nothing about.

The actual question I came across on GMAT was slightly different and more difficult than the above. I wish I remembered more of the actual question but focusing on the question on the screen as if it were the only thing in the world that matters and then moving on to the next and giving it the same attention has its consequences.

Can you please use 'about which' in a more complex sentence and share a few scenarios where test takers might falter? Thank you so much in advance.

When Which is followed by a preposition, we do not use a comma. For Instance, we do not use comma before in which, on which, and so on. So, 1st sentence is wrong because About is a Preposition and the portion following the comma is essential modifier.
_________________

I'd appreciate learning about the grammatical errors in my posts

Please hit Kudos If my Solution helps

My Debrief for 750 - https://gmatclub.com/forum/from-720-to-750-one-of-the-most-difficult-pleatues-to-overcome-246420.html

My CR notes - https://gmatclub.com/forum/patterns-in-cr-questions-243450.html

Rest of the Notes coming soon.

Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 102

Re: Appositive vs Relative Clause   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2017, 03:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by