Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 May 2017, 12:31

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 08:52
1
KUDOS
9
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (02:33) correct 38% (01:51) wrong based on 638 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.

i was surpried by the OA.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

Last edited by pqhai on 30 Oct 2013, 02:03, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
New!
SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1790
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 09:04
I believe A and B are the contenders. I can also prove A but needs lot of assumptions and reasoning.

B looks promising.
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2004
Posts: 60
Location: Ithaca, NY
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 11:35
I agree with B, but the note at the bottom of the question about being surprised by the OA has me second guessing...
Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 37
Location: San Fran
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 12:35
My first reaction was B) ... but then thinking about B), it didn't seem to really help present a good case. An argument similar to B could be used to justify anything ... for eg

' The Toltec's were the first to build 20 storied sky-scrappers ...but unfortuantely we can't provide proof since they were built of wood and wood decays rapidly'

C) and D) weakens the anthropologists case.

E) Has a tenous link ... but there could be various reasons why ceramic toys could show up near monumental structures (such as (C))

I'd go with A.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4289
Followers: 43

Kudos [?]: 468 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 13:49
I agree that B could be used to explain anything but the question was: Which of the following "if true" could help blah blah blah
All we care about is given that either of A, B, C, D or E are true, would any help provide a reasonable explanation? Although I agree that B can be used to justify anything, all we need to assume is that it is true. If true, will it help resolve the issue? Yes. Hence B is the answer. All the other answers seem shaky. As a matter of fact, can you(Version2) refuted the other answers but can you justify how A, when true, can help explain the lack of evidence in the existence of the wheel?

Mbmantra, you say you were surprised by the OA so I guess it must be something other than B but I just can't see how any other answer, when true, can explain the lack of evidence given...
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 37
Location: San Fran
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 14:13
Paul,

You won't let me get away making wild claims will you? . <thanks ...keeps me thinking>

There are in general two ways to explain 'lack of evidence'

1). Show that evidence could have existed sometime in the past but no longer exists thus rationalizing the 'lack of evidence'

2) Show that there is evidence (albiet not direct evidence) thus showing that the claim of 'lack of evidence' is not true.

A) says that .. The toltec sometime used toys to represent useful things. They antro's found toy wheels ...so possibly real wheels exisited.

I'd say that this is better than B).
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4289
Followers: 43

Kudos [?]: 468 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 17:56
I see your point Version2. I agree with A. If they used toys to represent practical devices and wheels were found on those toys, then they must have used wheels in the past as a practical device to build their monumental structure. B is indeed the "shaky" argument.
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 19:38
Almost Everyone chsoe B. hummm....
i could not relate B with the stem given. what in gods name "wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz. " has to do with the argument given in the question. 'A' seems right as explained by V2 and accepted by Paul.

I think i should not have written the comment in the end, sorry abt that. it confuses people, do you want OA or want more discussion abt A and B?
_________________

When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1790
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 19:42
If those people had used wooden wheels long long time ago then they would have decayed by now and archeologists will not be able to find those wheels. This explains why the evidence is lacking.
I still stick with B.
Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 37
Location: San Fran
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 19:50

Secondly what is the source of the questions ? In other words how believable is the "official answer" ??

--Cheers
--Version2
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4289
Followers: 43

Kudos [?]: 468 [2] , given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 19:56
2
KUDOS
Well said Anandnk. I know for a fact I would have picked B as first choice but it just seemed too obvious to me. Weird, the more you overanalyze a CR, the more you question your first choice over a contender and end up falling for the contender. I do agree with Version2 though that B is shaky in the sense that it simply says that the wheel evidence don't exist anymore because they were built of wood hence the lack of evidence. We could have said that argument about just anything.

Ok, I think B is stronger now because the question is asking about "the lack of evidence". In other words, why the evidence is gone? That is because the wheels are made of woods. On the other hand, A should be the answer to another question: Despite the lack of evidence, did the Toltec use the wheel? Yes, because as A says, if it was found on toys and toys themselves represent devices that are practical in Toltec's lives, then the wheel was used by Toltec. Since the question is asking about how to explain the lack of evidence, then B is clearly best. What brain buster!
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 20:02
all right, thanks Anandk. Now OA is not that surprising , i chose A and did not put much grey cell into B. QA is B.
boy... i have to think.
_________________

When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2003
Posts: 261
Location: sydney
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 20:04
hey V2, i forogt to mention source. its gmattutor yaho group.
_________________

When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 37
Location: San Fran
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2004, 20:18
Thanks mbamantra,

I don't know what gmat tutor is. Is it reliable ??.

I can see why B was chosen. My gut said B) but my brain typically overrules my gut (except when it comes to food ) and it said A. I'm also wary when somethings handed down in a platter like B) was.

I should really start studying some. My GMAT's in 1st week of July and the only studying i've been doing is hanging out in these forums ... haven't even bought any books yet .
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Sep 2003
Posts: 293
Location: US
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2004, 06:15
A big problem I had with A is the use of "sometimes". If toys are "sometimes" depictions, then that explanation does not really help the archaelogists because it could mean that the ceramic wheeled toys were not depictions. B is a better explanation for why there is lack of evidence.
Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 37
Location: San Fran
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2004, 08:28
True but 'sometimes' suggests 'some' not 'none'. As i said i know why B was chosen. I believe A can be justified. It depends on how the stem is read. Perhaps B is the better answer.
Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 2005
Concentration: Finance
Followers: 68

Kudos [?]: 643 [0], given: 355

### Show Tags

29 Oct 2013, 13:35
mbamantra wrote:
Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.

i was surpried by the OA.

Hey folks, Anybody has the OA for this one?
Cheers
Best
J
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1132
Location: United States
Followers: 278

Kudos [?]: 3105 [1] , given: 123

### Show Tags

30 Oct 2013, 02:02
1
KUDOS
jlgdr wrote:
mbamantra wrote:
Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, twelfth-century inhabitants of what is now Veracruz. Although there is no archaeological evidence that the Toltec used wheels for anything but toys, some anthropologists hypothesize that wheeled utility vehicles were used to carry materials needed for the monumental structures the Toltec produced.Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?
(A) The Toltec sometimes incorporated into their toys representations of utensils or other devices that served some practical purpose.
(B) Any wheeled utility vehicles used by the Toltec could have been made entirely of wood, and unlike ceramic, wood decays rapidly in the humid climate of Veracruz.
(C) Carvings in monument walls suggest that the Toltec's wheeled ceramic toys somtimes had ritual uses in addition to being used by both children and adults as decorations and playthings.
(D) Wheeled utility vehicles were used during the twelfth century in many areas of the world, but during this time wheeled toys were not very common in areas outside Veracruz.
(E) Some of the wheeled ceramic toys were found near the remains of monumental stuctures.

i was surpried by the OA.

Hey folks, Anybody has the OA for this one?
Cheers
Best
J

Hi Jlgdr

OA is B as mbamantra provided in his previous post. I also added the OA.
Hope it's clear.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10370
Followers: 996

Kudos [?]: 224 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

03 Feb 2015, 22:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3650
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1680

Kudos [?]: 13489 [0], given: 1905

### Show Tags

03 Feb 2015, 23:38
Quote:
The question you're supposed to answer is...
Which of the following, if true, would most help the anthropologists explain the lack of evidence noted above?

In other words, you are NOT asked to explain why the toys exist.
You're asked to explain why no one has found actual utility carts"”i.e., NOT toys, but, rather, real carts used for real work.

With this question in mind, it should be clear why B is the answer you want.

The only thing choice A helps to explain is why the toys might exist. A has nothing to do with why real carts have NOT been found.

_________________
Re: Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2015, 23:38

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
5 #Top150 CR: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites 2 11 Dec 2015, 15:58
6 Archaeologists have found that strings from hunting bows used in 7 23 Feb 2016, 06:47
2 Archaeologists have found wheeled ceramic toys made by the Toltec, t 7 12 Mar 2015, 05:57
15 Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in 28 07 May 2017, 08:57
4 Archaeologists have discovered various paintings on the 13 25 May 2014, 07:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by