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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in

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#Top150 CR: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites [#permalink]

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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the Mexican state of Veracruz, small ceramic animals with attached wheels. At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-Columbian culture. On reflection, however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief. To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting, transportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits.

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above?

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals.

B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use.

C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures.

D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals.

E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2015, 06:09
Argument says that if they knew about wheel, they must have included in the daily tasks. B fits perfectly in this. And hope I am correct.

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Re: #Top150 CR: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2015, 15:58
I Chose B, thinking on similar lines, however, I am not able to find how C is correct. I think the OA is C. Let hope for someone to elaborate. Souvik can you please explain what is the trap in B & how we can detect the same in such questions.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 07:27
Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the mexican state of veracruz , small ceramic animals with attached wheels . At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-columbian culture .On reflection ,however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief . To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting,trasportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits.

my thinking :
at first it seems that people of pre columbian culture knew about the wheel and its uses as attached wheels are found in various grave sites . However, the argument says that this is not correct because they were not using principal of the wheel to daily tasks.
Hence , the evidence ( the grave sites finding ) must be of later cultures who possibly knew the use of wheels in day to day tasks . Hence ( e)........ Kindly clarify where i lack in understanding .Thanks in advance.

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above?

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals.
B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use
C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures
D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals.
E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 08:26
pushkar2014 wrote:
my thinking :
at first it seems that people of pre columbian culture knew about the wheel and its uses as attached wheels are found in various grave sites . However, the argument says that this is not correct because they were not using principal of the wheel to daily tasks.
Hence , the evidence ( the grave sites finding ) must be of later cultures who possibly knew the use of wheels in day to day tasks . Hence ( e)........ Kindly clarify where i lack in understanding .Thanks in advance.

This question is asking you to summarize the argument. You need to capture the conclusion and the most important reasons.

The argument never mentions later cultures, so that is out of scope. Thus, answer E must be wrong.

The argument is instead predicting that the people were familiar with these wheeled toys (which also means the toys couldn't have been from later cultures) but also that they were not familiar with how wheels could be used in everyday lives because they didn't implement them. Hence, B is the correct answer.

C is wrongly the OA on this thread. It is wrong because the argument is not saying that they should have adapted the wheel from the toys, but instead that they should have taken their general familiarity of the wheel (that allowed them to make the toys) and applied it to everyday life if they had actually understood how it worked.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 17:47
A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals…….can not be answer at all.
B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use……potential answer.
C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures…..may be answer.
D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals……..paragraph says-it “bears out” (means support argument) that wheels were unknown. So this can not be answer.
E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures. This is not explicitly said in paragraph. May not be answer.

Best possible answer is B.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2017, 04:11
narendran1990 wrote:
Overall argument:
People in veracruz had toys with wheels, there is a hypothesis that they didn't know the use of wheels. But with the example the hypothesis is being attacked. In contrary, they didn't know the purpose of the wheels as for various functions, the concept wasn't applied.

Option A, D & E - Not relevant.
Option B - Functions cannot be generalized as everyday functions. (Although its human nature to assume such a thing).
Option C - Right answer.


I think you can generalize these functions as "everyday functions," since the passage literally calls these functions "daily tasks such as carting, transportation and pottery-making"

"Adapt to" is also a more widely used idiom, which B uses and C doesn't.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2017, 07:52
veenu08 wrote:
Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in the mexican state of veracruz , small ceramic animals with attached wheels . At first this find might seem to discredit the belief that the wheel and its uses were unknown in pre-columbian culture .On reflection ,however, it would seem that discovery actually bears out this belief . To be familiar with these toys and yet not to apply the principle of the wheel to daily tasks such as carting,trasportation and pottery-making must indicate a lack of understanding of the wheel and potential benefits.

Which of the following best expresses the argument made in the passage above?

A. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would not have attached wheels to ceramic animals.
B. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted it to everyday use
C. If the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, had understood the principle of the wheel, they would have adapted the idea of the wheel from the wheeled ceramic figures
D. Pre-Columbian people of Veracruz, must have known of the wheel and its use because they attached wheels to ceramic animals.
E. Since the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz did not know of the wheel or its uses, the ceramic animals found in the grave sites must be the remains of later cultures.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain D


How can people adapt the idea of wheel from ceramic figures to real life?

If they had knowledge about the working of the wheel, the implementation would have been direct.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 02:51
I think the essence of the argument is that though the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz were familiar with the toys (having wheels), they could still not apply the principle of the wheel. Option C captures this. Experts please comment?

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 07:05
tylermmh wrote:
I think the essence of the argument is that though the pre-Columbian people of Veracruz were familiar with the toys (having wheels), they could still not apply the principle of the wheel. Option C captures this. Experts please comment?


Yeah I got the underlying idea but the language of option C distorts it.
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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 03:11
Sir or Madam please explain b and c.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 08:57
can someone explain me what exactly the question stem means.

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Re: Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 09:05
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 20:09
"daily task" is the key word. This question type is a mix of an inference and the flow of logic.

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Archaeologists have recently found in various grave sites in   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2017, 20:09

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