Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 29 May 2017, 17:16

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1536
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Followers: 44

Kudos [?]: 1204 [4] , given: 2

Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2010, 12:54
4
KUDOS
13
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:53) correct 43% (01:02) wrong based on 687 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a “built” boat—in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together—and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

A. together—and that thus represents
B. together—and this has represented
C. together, and it represents
D. together that was representing
E. together to represent
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 322
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 93 [0], given: 44

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2010, 13:53
A.

Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of example of a “built” boat—in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together—and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.
_________________

"Success is going from failure to failure without a loss of enthusiam." - Winston Churchill

As vs Like - Check this link : http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/like-as.html.

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2012
Posts: 9
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 730 Q50 V39
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [1] , given: 1

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2012, 18:11
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
(A) together--and that thus represents
not clear what that represents
(B) together--and this has represented
no clear what this represents
(C) together, and it represents
Correct Answer, it refers back to wood
(D) together that was representing
not clear where punctuation "--" ends, also past continuous tense makes this choice awkward
(E) together to represent
not clear where punctuation "--" ends
Intern
Status: To retake , or not to retake;That is the question
Joined: 12 Mar 2012
Posts: 26
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 64 [5] , given: 8

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2012, 22:25
5
KUDOS
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage

green marked portion is just a modifier.So it makes a problem of parallelism so "that is the " and "that thus" seems to be parallel to me."that thus" that clearly refer to wooden hull which is thought as the major improvement here.

I have problem with C.Since the pronoun "it" has too many antecedents to refer to which makes it awkward.

Thanks
_________________

I too need Kudos sometimes !!!!!!!!!!!

Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 103
Location: India
GMAT Date: 07-30-2012
GPA: 2.66
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 41

Kudos [?]: 497 [1] , given: 116

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2012, 02:54
1
KUDOS
sorry folks..I posted the wrong OA.

Have updated it now.

Still not clear why C is wrong
_________________

Director
Status: Final Countdown
Joined: 17 Mar 2010
Posts: 541
Location: India
GPA: 3.82
WE: Account Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 303 [1] , given: 75

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2012, 03:53
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
in (C) it is referring to - "....a boat constructed out of planks fitted together...."

but the intended meaning is to give stress on the fact that :

"Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat...."

The 5000 year old wooden hull actually represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology.

a boat constructed out of planks fitted together is mentioned just to tell the public that how the wooden hull looks as of today's world boat.
_________________

" Make more efforts "
Press Kudos if you liked my post

Intern
Joined: 31 Dec 2009
Posts: 9
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [1] , given: 0

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2012, 04:19
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
You can parse this sentence as comprising of a list of two elements:
Archaeologists .. have excavated a... wooden hull :
1. that is the earliest surviving .. .blah blah..
and
2. that represents major advance.. blah blah..

"And" should ring alarm bells to check for parallelism.. That is the earliest surviving --> is a clause and when you have two parallel clauses they MUST start with same word (ex. relative pronoun).. hence you can't use answer choice starting with "it"
Manager
Joined: 10 May 2012
Posts: 56
GMAT Date: 09-10-2012
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 14

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2012, 12:22
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
maybeam wrote:
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

(A) together--and that thus represents
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents
(D) together that was representing
(E) together to represent

plz explain the solution.

This problem is testing use of HYPHEN more than anything.

Most commonly, a hyphen/dash connects an independent clause with another, with a separate or interrupting thought plus a conjunction like or, but, yet, as, for, and after the second dash.

It works somewhat like parentheses or commas, but it is used where a stronger punctuation is needed. It can connect an independent clause with the 'interrupting' thought like so:

Case 1: Independent clause—thought—independent clause.
Case 2: Independent clause—thought.

Independent clause 1: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat
Thought: --in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--
Conjunction: and
Independent Clause 2: that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage

C, D, E out as we can very well identify its case one--note use of "and"
B is out as in the later half of sentence use of present perfect tense is not required.

Hence A.

HTH
MBA Section Director
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3665
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1694

Kudos [?]: 13608 [3] , given: 1911

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 May 2015, 05:31
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
It's useful to post some sort of an explanation with your answers.

The long dash is used to indicate an example or an aside. Only the example or aside goes inside the dash, so that example either has to go all the way to the end of the sentence or we need to "close" the dash at some point by putting a second one in. In this case, the "in other words" text only applies to the "built boat" concept, so I want to "close" the dash when I'm done talking about it. So eliminate C, D, and E.

Then, between A and B, only A follows parallelism. "Archaeologists have excavated a hull that is X and that represents Y." Only A does that correctly.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2015
Posts: 58
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 89

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Oct 2015, 07:56
My reasoning-
A - looks okay keep
B- "represented" - doesn't it represent to this day. At-least that's what the author is trying to say - Eliminate
C- "It" - can mean the discovery/ Egypt - Ambiguous - eliminate
D- "was" - why? - Eliminate
E- "to represent" means to say the purpose of construction is "to represent" - an advancement in technique- Eliminate
Thus - "A"
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2015
Posts: 62
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 1

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jan 2016, 10:01
maybeam wrote:
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built" boat--in other words, a boat constructed out of planks fitted together--and that thus represents a major advance, in terms of boat-building technology, over the dugout logs and reed vessels of more ancient vintage.

(A) together--and that thus represents
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents
(D) together that was representing
(E) together to represent

plz explain the solution.

I used POE
(A) together--and that thus represents Although sounds awkward imo it maintains ||ism- "...that is the earliest...and that.." and preserves the intended meaning
(B) together--and this has represented
(C) together, and it represents. "it" cannot refer to the act of excavating a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that eventually led to a major advance in blah blah
(D) together that was representing This is clearly out
(E) together to represent There's no intent/purpose
_________________

Sortem sternit fortem!

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 647
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 38

Kudos [?]: 243 [0], given: 10

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2017, 06:47
Prachi1002 wrote:
Can you please explain what is wrong with C option

Hi Prachi, from a meaning clarity perspective, let’s ask the question: What represents a major advance?

The answer clearly is wooden hull. Now, notice the structure of the original sentence:

a 5,000-year-old wooden hull that is the earliest surviving example of a "built boat"…and that thus represents…

The repetition of that is a clear indication that whatever the first that refers to, the second that also refers to the same entity (wooden hull). Hence, the meaning is very clear and in fact, this is a classical example illustrating the merits of repetition of that.

In C, the sentence says: and it represents. At the very least, it is not really very clear what it refers to.

Also, notice that the original sentence takes a bit of a pause after example of a built boat. The reason the sentence takes this pause is because before proceeding further, the sentence wants to make clear what a built boat is: a boat constructed out of planks fitted together. This (in case you care) is called a parenthetical construct. The parenthetical construct in this sentence, starts with a dash and so, from a symmetry perspective, it should end with a dash as well. Only options A and B have the dash to make the end of this parenthetical construct.

This would be another factor that weighs against C.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3045
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Followers: 517

Kudos [?]: 2290 [0], given: 22

Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2017, 02:40
manhasnoname wrote:
shouldn't it be : that is X and that this is Y
instead of : that is X and that thus is Y.

To me "this" is correct than "thus". Experts please correct me. Thanks!

No, "thus" is alright.

Archaeologists have excavated a hull that is the example and that represents....
The pronoun "that" refers to "hull" - the demonstrative adjective "this" does not fit in in any way.

The word "thus" is used to depict that because the hull is the earliest example, it represents a major advance.

(Moreover "this" cannot be used without a noun after it - e.g. "this hull" - but such usage too would be wrong since the pronoun "that" already refers to "hull" - using ""this hull" would a repetition of the same.)
Manager
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 231
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 32

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2017, 18:24
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Re: Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2017, 18:24
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 In Egypt in the late Paleolithic period, 3 12 Jul 2016, 09:24
Multitudes of slaves in Egypt was made to bear 1 23 Apr 2014, 10:25
Archaeologists in Egypt have excavated a 5,000-year-old 0 24 Jan 2016, 10:01
1 In Egypt in the late Paleolithic period, the climate 11 17 Oct 2016, 00:26
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of 0 06 Apr 2017, 19:24
Display posts from previous: Sort by