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# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2017, 23:20
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

in b
Chalice was buried to keep it from beking stolen

normally, subject of main clause is agent of the to do in the pattern " main clause+ to do"
however, in this problem, there is no agent for "to keep " .

to keep it from being stolen, the chalice was buried.

clearly, chalice can not keep. so, to keep has no agent.

this is the lession we learn from official answer. this is old question form og 10. gmat never test this point, but knowing this point help you be more confident to confirm the correct answer.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2017, 12:53
keep from seems to be incomplete-> A, E out
avoid changes meaning and used incorrectly
C unneccessary uses clause
B is fine and it is used correctly, it refers to chalice
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2017, 11:52
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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05 May 2017, 19:14
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
--> keep what??? from being stolen.

(B) to keep it from

(C) to avoid
--> this sentence sounds like chalice buried itself.

(D) in order that it would avoid
--> awkward.

(E) in order to keep from
--> keep what??? from being stolen.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 09:19
sayantanc2k wrote:
The OA is correct.

Option A: From the phrase to keep from being stolen, it cannot be understood what might be stolen.
Option B: Introducing the pronoun "it" (referring to "chalice") resolves the above issue.

Hence B is better than A.

hi can you explain why option C is incorrect?
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 01:46
this is old question from old og book.

this is special sentence in which, "to do" is not future action which will be done by the subject of the main clause. this pattern is rare in formal English.

to keep the world in peace, every military actions must be supervised.

"to do" in above pattern dose not refer to any noun, or to subject of the main clause. "to do" refer to a general action, which dose not belong to any noun in the main clause.

in contrast, "to do" in most sentences in english refers to subject of main clause

I learn gmat to take an mba.

"to take" refer to future action which is done by subject "I".

so, we have totally different 2 sentences.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 07:45
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 10:50
Remove the fluff and the flaws become apparent.

Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

To keep from being stolen is ambiguous. There is a missing pronoun. Hence eliminate answers A,C and E

Answer D is wordy and is ambiguous. How can the chalice avoid the stealing? It can only avoid being stolen. Hence incorrect.

We are left with B
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2017, 08:21
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

A. "To keep from" incorrectly implies that the chalice had the intention of hiding itself.
B. Correct.
C. "To avoid" incorrectly implies that the chalice had the intention of hiding itself.
D. Wordy. The use of the indicative clause is incorrect.
E. "To keep from" incorrectly implies that the chalice had the intention of hiding itself.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2017, 21:34
Can someone explain.. what is wrong with "c" ... to avoid being stolen...
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 22:21
1
KUDOS
B is correct - The sentence is clarified by inserting the word it, which refers back to Chalice.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 21:18
OE: The phrase to keep from being stolen is incomplete and does not indicate what might be stolen. Inserting a pronoun makes it clear that it is the chalice that might be stolen.

B is correct - The sentence is clarified by inserting the word it, which refers back to chalice.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:51
Problem in original sentence is that
it can be read either as - the person who hid the Chalice buried it to keep HIMSELF from being stolen by invader.
Or as - the person who hid the chalice buried it to keep it from being stolen by invader.

To avoid ambiguity we need IT.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 09:40
Ruchita1907 wrote:
Can someone explain.. what is wrong with "c" ... to avoid being stolen...

Hello Ruchita1907,

Choice C is incorrect because absence of it make it unclear what is being kept hidden from being stolen. The error is pretty similar to the error in Choice A.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2017, 01:46
Hello hammerofodin,

Thank you for reaching out to me through a PM.

Quote:
Even though I read all comments, it still does not make 100% sense for me.

Kindly, can you provide me similiar examples about usage?

Read the original sentence very carefully. The way it is worded, it is difficult to say who was being protected from being stolen - the chalice or the person who buried it.

Yes, I agree that it does not make sense to say that a person was buried to keep from being stolen. However, among the five answer choices, there is an answer choice that explicitly uses the pronoun it to make it absolutely clear that the intention was to keep the chalice from being stolen, and hence it was buried.

The answer choice that leaves no scope for any kind of ambiguity is always superior than the other choices.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2017, 10:02
Meaning is straightforward. Bury an item so that it won't be stolen later on.

A: Missing a noun. What is being kept?
B: No issue.
C: Avoid needs noun next door.
D: This choice makes the object seem alive and can avoid
E: Missing a noun.

My selection: Choice B.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2017, 00:54
shoonya wrote:
eyunni wrote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

The answer choice requires it. So, B and D survive. B is the best answer, short and to the point.

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2017, 00:12
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

this is special because in choice b, to keep dose not show a future action performed by the subject "chalice" as "to do" normally do in the patern "main clause+ to do".

to keep, in choice b, show a general action.

to keep the world in pease, everybody should behave reasonablly
Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2017, 00:12

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