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# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 08:37
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 20 Sep 2013, 04:47, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 21:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 15:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice

B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2011, 04:56
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Here the basic question is one of deciding between ‘to keep from’ and ‘to keep it from’. When we say that somebody does something to keep from being done, it might very well read that he does for himself rather than for any other. For e.g.

Tom hid the car to keep from being taken by the police; what is feared to be taken by the police? Is it the car or is it Tom? It is rather hazy. Here the lack of the object pronoun ‘it’ renders the plausibility that Tom hid to save himself. Similarly in the given text, the lack of the pronoun gives a twist that the chalice was probably buried by itself, rather a wrong premise. Hence for the sake of precision, the pronoun ‘it’ becomes necessary.

C is also to be rejected on the ground that the chalice was trying to avoid being stolen.

So, C, the precise answer without any distortion and verbosity is right.
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 05:59
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Hi Experts,

I tried searching forums for a clear and concise explanation, however I couldn't find any. Can someone point me what is the error in the original statement.

Thanks
H
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2011, 12:08
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Quote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

'to avoid' - used only with regards to living things i.e. person or animals, never with an inanimate object. E.g. 'to avoid gossip, she decided to lay low', 'he drives carefully precisely because he wants to avoid getting into a road accident'.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2014, 00:30
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anujag24 wrote:
Hello Piyush,

The infinitive part highlights the intention of burying the chalice. The intention is to keep "chalice" from being stolen and not keep "ABC" from being stolen. If "it" is removed from the sentence then the intended meaning of the sentence is not clear. I have used this reasoning to eliminate other choices and choose B as the answer. Do you find any flaw in my reasoning?

Thanks Anuj!

Pronoun it reflects the intention of those who buried the chalice not the chalice's desire to get buried with such intention.
In choice A and C chalice is the subject of the sentence thus purpose of action expressed by infinitive appears to be intention of chalice, but that is not the case.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2015, 07:57
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Beat720 wrote:
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid

OA explanations for D and C are the same and GMAC reasons "This (option C and opt. D) suggests that the chalice acts to prevent its own theft.". I don't understand OA explanation. Please help to clarify!

Many thanks + kudos!

Let me take a swing at this one, as I'll try to keep this one as simple as possible

The problem with Choices C and D is that the way the sentences are structured, it sounds as if the chalice did all the work in digging itself.
Both choices, once they're respectively replaced into the original sentence, are followed by verbs. This makes it sound as if the chalice dug itself into hiding.

Choice C:

[The Chalice] was probably buried to avoid being stolen by invaders. --- There's nothing there to suggest that someone did the actual burying.
If it were said, "to avoid it from" --- We need the pronoun and the preposition to suggest that the burying was done by something other than the actual relic.

Choice D:

[The Chalice] was probably buried in order that it would avoid being stolen by invaders. --- "...it would avoid being stolen" suggests that the chalice is trying to nonsensically avoid from being stolen. That's just illogical, and probably spooky! We need to clearly show that the chalice was buried so that it would avoid from being stolen by some thief.

Hope that helped!

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2017, 14:25
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I would go for C: to keep it from. it is fine, because the object it refers is chalice

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2017, 22:21
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B is correct - The sentence is clarified by inserting the word it, which refers back to Chalice.
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13 Jul 2007, 09:13
my vote for C.

It sounds as if " to keep from " requires pronoun or noun between KEEP and FROM. However "IT" in B is unnecessary.

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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 09:13
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eyunni wrote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

The answer choice requires it. So, B and D survive. B is the best answer, short and to the point.
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13 Jul 2007, 09:42
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

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13 Jul 2007, 10:20
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vay wrote:
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

But how can chalice being singular help eliminate C?

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14 Jul 2007, 07:27
OA is B.

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Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 19:30
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century,
was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 20:23
Options A, C & E are all awkward, not clearly referring to the chalice.

(D) in order that it would avoid

(B) to keep it from
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2011, 20:18
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116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland - [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 06:33
imhimanshu wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Hi Experts,

I tried searching forums for a clear and concise explanation, however I couldn't find any. Can someone point me what is the error in the original statement.

Thanks
H

I think that the sentence needs "it" to refer to the chalice : Object missing

A- Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep [What] from being stolen by invaders.

C and D use "avoid", which changes the meaning and "from being" is necessary here
E- same issua as A and more wordy

Hope that helps a little bit
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland - [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 07:39
Hi Rock750,
Thanks for the explanation.
I would like to have some more analysis on the question. Though it sounds intuitive to have an object in the sentence, I would like to assess this sentence more from logic and grammatical point of view.

Thanks
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland -   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2013, 07:39

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