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# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered

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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 09:37
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 20 Sep 2013, 05:47, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA

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13 Jul 2007, 10:13
my vote for C.

It sounds as if " to keep from " requires pronoun or noun between KEEP and FROM. However "IT" in B is unnecessary.

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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 10:13
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eyunni wrote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

The answer choice requires it. So, B and D survive. B is the best answer, short and to the point.
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13 Jul 2007, 10:42
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

My answer is B.

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13 Jul 2007, 11:20
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vay wrote:
chalice is singular hence usage of "to keep it from" is the right usage.

My answer is B.

But how can chalice being singular help eliminate C?

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Re: SC -116: to keep from/to avoid [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 16:13
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Between B and C, B is my choice

B) ... a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to keep it from being stolen ...

C) ...a ... chalice, ..., was ... buried to avoid being stolen...

Please note how effectively I got rid of irrelevant modifiers and other sentence parts(distractors); this helps isolate the problem.
"to keep.." phrase is an adverbial phrase(answers the question Why?).
Now, what is being stolen?; here, C is not just ambiguous, it is meaningless. We need a noun or pronoun to precede "being stolen"

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14 Jul 2007, 08:27
OA is B.

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Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 20:30
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century,
was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 21:23
Options A, C & E are all awkward, not clearly referring to the chalice.

(D) in order that it would avoid
Badly formed.

(B) to keep it from
Correct Answer.
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Re: Archaeologist in Ireland believe that [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2010, 22:08
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B.

A sounds as if chalice itself is keeping from being stolen.
C also sounds as if chalice itself is avoiding.
D unidiomatic and wordy
E redundant and wordy and same flaw in its meaning as A
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2011, 21:18
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116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2011, 05:56
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Here the basic question is one of deciding between ‘to keep from’ and ‘to keep it from’. When we say that somebody does something to keep from being done, it might very well read that he does for himself rather than for any other. For e.g.

Tom hid the car to keep from being taken by the police; what is feared to be taken by the police? Is it the car or is it Tom? It is rather hazy. Here the lack of the object pronoun ‘it’ renders the plausibility that Tom hid to save himself. Similarly in the given text, the lack of the pronoun gives a twist that the chalice was probably buried by itself, rather a wrong premise. Hence for the sake of precision, the pronoun ‘it’ becomes necessary.

C is also to be rejected on the ground that the chalice was trying to avoid being stolen.

So, C, the precise answer without any distortion and verbosity is right.
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2011, 13:08
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Quote:
116. Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.
(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Answer: B
'to avoid' - used only with regards to living things i.e. person or animals, never with an inanimate object. E.g. 'to avoid gossip, she decided to lay low', 'he drives carefully precisely because he wants to avoid getting into a road accident'.
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 06:59
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Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Hi Experts,

I tried searching forums for a clear and concise explanation, however I couldn't find any. Can someone point me what is the error in the original statement.

Thanks
H
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland - [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 07:33
imhimanshu wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

Hi Experts,

I tried searching forums for a clear and concise explanation, however I couldn't find any. Can someone point me what is the error in the original statement.

Thanks
H

I think that the sentence needs "it" to refer to the chalice : Object missing

A- Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep [What] from being stolen by invaders.

C and D use "avoid", which changes the meaning and "from being" is necessary here
E- same issua as A and more wordy

Hope that helps a little bit
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland - [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 08:39
Hi Rock750,
Thanks for the explanation.
I would like to have some more analysis on the question. Though it sounds intuitive to have an object in the sentence, I would like to assess this sentence more from logic and grammatical point of view.

Thanks
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland - [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 10:45
One plausible though improbable outcome that may result when you don’t put on the pronoun, will be to imagine that (even today), Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep(the archeologists) from being stolen by invaders.( Is it any magical chalice? Best to put on the pronoun and be safe
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 19:32
A preposition always express relationship between two words .

(A) to keep from

To express the relation between Buried and Keep .

Now what relation dose FORM express ? its missing a word that would clarify the relation ship with "being stolen"

(B) to keep it from - 'it' helps to indicate which is being stolen

(C) to avoid

This option looks fine to me except it dose not conveys the authors intended meaning .

(D) in order that it would avoid
Grammatically this option is correct but changes the meaning . IT here clearly refers to "chalice" . Now a chalice is a non living thing how can it avoid some thing all by itself ? Dosent make sense .

(E) in order to keep from

E as in A repeats the same error .

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 10:35
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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 09:28
eyunni wrote:
Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice, which dates from the eighth century, was probably buried to keep from being stolen by invaders.

(A) to keep from
(B) to keep it from
(C) to avoid
(D) in order that it would avoid
(E) in order to keep from

We need a pronoun, otherwise the sentence is ambiguous. B sounds better than E, so we go with B.

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Re: Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2014, 09:28

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