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# Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American

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Manager
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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2014, 20:46
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Dear Ankur,

The conclusion of the argument is that the camp probably dates to no later than 1630. The reason provided is that no European trade goods were found at the site at that time even though the European traders were fairly active then.

If C is true, then whatever goods reached the area via the European traders (who were active 1620 onward) would have been preserved as much as possible. So, if anything, these goods would have been preserved until far beyond 1630. Also, these goods should have shown up during the excavation and subsequent radiocarbon dating -- but they did not. So this option would only weaken the argument.

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2014, 21:29
Option B seems too extreme to me...
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2014, 03:22
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
Bumping the topic.
Any insights on what is wrong with C?

I know you need not worry about the answer now but here is my take

Reason why C may be wrong is that the first European trade goods would have been valuable and preserved as much as possible from Loss or Destruction meaning that no matter what because of its value the goods would have preserved or kept safely...so finding them at excavation sites is less likely...so it does not help us strengthen the conclusion....
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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2015, 03:10
WoundedTiger wrote:

I know you need not worry about the answer now but here is my take

Reason why C may be wrong is that the first European trade goods would have been valuable and preserved as much as possible from Loss or Destruction meaning that no matter what because of its value the goods would have preserved or kept safely...so finding them at excavation sites is less likely...so it does not help us strengthen the conclusion....

WoundedTiger Read this post today and it left a big smile on my face
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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09 May 2016, 06:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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20 May 2016, 05:35
sondenso wrote:
18.
Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
(C) The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
(D) The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
(E) The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.

I lost somewhere!

Radiocarbon dating dates the site at 1605 to 1755. But the conclusion is that camp does not date later than 1630 because no european goods were found at the site, however, european traders were active in the region from 1620's onward.

Basically, no european goods were found concludes that the camp dates no later than 1630. We should have an option either to support this statement or to mention that european goods were found in all camp sites dates after 1930.

(A) Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did. This weakens the argument.
(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found. This is exactly what we were looking for.
(C) The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction. We are not concerned about valuable goods
(D) The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers. European explorers are not mentioned anywhere in the argument.
(E) The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned. What are those few years?
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2016, 02:37
Still don't understand why C is flawed. As for me the reasoning is the following:

1) Traders were active in the region starting with late 1620'. Therefore, since no goods were found in the camp, the camp must have been held before that period. We need to find something, that strengthens this point by either providing the additional evidence or by eliminating alternative reasons, why the goods were not found.

Option C states that - these goods were especially valuable and therefore there was no possibility that they were either lost or destroyed. Therefore, the only viable reason why the goods were not found in the camp - the camp was held before traders reached these lands.
So this option eliminates the an reason and therefore strengthens the argument.

Even though I agree that option B strengthens the argument too, I can't say that it strengthens the argument more than option C does. Moreover, from my experience, options that provide evidence from towns/villages/schools nearby are VERY RARELY the right choice.
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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 05:52
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manlog wrote:
Still don't understand why C is flawed. As for me the reasoning is the following:

1) Traders were active in the region starting with late 1620'. Therefore, since no goods were found in the camp, the camp must have been held before that period. We need to find something, that strengthens this point by either providing the additional evidence or by eliminating alternative reasons, why the goods were not found.

Option C states that - these goods were especially valuable and therefore there was no possibility that they were either lost or destroyed. Therefore, the only viable reason why the goods were not found in the camp - the camp was held before traders reached these lands.
So this option eliminates the an reason and therefore strengthens the argument.

Even though I agree that option B strengthens the argument too, I can't say that it strengthens the argument more than option C does. Moreover, from my experience, options that provide evidence from towns/villages/schools nearby are VERY RARELY the right choice.

If these goods were valuable, wouldn't the Native Americans bury these goods to preserve them? There is too much to assume in this answer choice. Always ignore such answer choices.

(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
The stem says "the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found"
Radiocarbon dating is never going to be exact, the dates are always going to be an approximation, archaeologists wont be able to pin point the exact year, so GMAC takes advantage of this (just my POV).
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2017, 15:57
Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
This point is out of scope since the arrival of europeans is not in the scope of the argument.
(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
The most relevant and strenthening option since all the camps near the site had european trade goods but not the one under scurtinization.so it must be that the camp was before the arrival of the european goods in the region.
(C) The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
The value of the first trade goods is not under discussion so out of scope.
(D) The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
The arrival of europeans is not discussed in teh argument.
(E) The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.
The point that the site was used temporarily does not strengthen the argument.
Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American   [#permalink] 13 Feb 2017, 15:57

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