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Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants

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Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Apr 2018, 09:17
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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:18) correct 57% (01:13) wrong based on 284 sessions

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Arguing that America has always been the land of immigrants, the Senator contended that anti-immigration policies mar the spirit of America, which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on.

A) which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

B) which he compared to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut

C) comparing the process to the act of cutting off a branch one is sitting on

D) comparing them to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

E) comparing them to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut out

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Originally posted by sandysilva on 31 Mar 2018, 09:57.
Last edited by sandysilva on 01 Apr 2018, 09:17, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 10:02
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Hi experts.
Im confused about the usage of comparing here. What is comma+comparing modifying?
If the usage here intended to modify the clause, then the clause preceding "comparing" is anti-immigration policies mar the spirit of America.
While the intended meaning of the author is to modify the clause senator contended. Can comparing jump a clause and modify the 1st clause here?
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 11:02
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sandysilva wrote:
Arguing that America has always been the land of immigrants, the Senator contended that anti-immigration policies mar the spirit of America, which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on.

A) which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

B) which he compared to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut

C) comparing the process to the act of cutting off a branch one is sitting on

D) comparing them to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

E) comparing them to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut out


According to the OA, the policies are compared to the situation of cutting off a branch....... The comparison is faulty here. Imo C is the best in the lot.
Experts, request you to address the issue.
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 11:12
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D is definitely the best of the bunch. A & B don't work because they seem to modify "the spirit of America," and the senator isn't comparing the spirit of America to cutting a branch. E is impossible because we don't want to compare the policies to a branch. C seems better, but there is no "process" to refer to. Policies are not a kind of process. We also don't need "the act" to have parallelism. "Cutting" can already serve as a noun. D clearly compares the policies to cutting off a branch.
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2018, 09:21
DmitryFarber wrote:
D is definitely the best of the bunch. A & B don't work because they seem to modify "the spirit of America," and the senator isn't comparing the spirit of America to cutting a branch. E is impossible because we don't want to compare the policies to a branch. C seems better, but there is no "process" to refer to. Policies are not a kind of process. We also don't need "the act" to have parallelism. "Cutting" can already serve as a noun. D clearly compares the policies to cutting off a branch.


Hi Dmitry. Thanks for making it more clear. However, my query still remains. What is the logic behind the usage of Comma+comparing in the sentence. If it is a clause modifier how can it jump the clause preceding it?
I'll be thankful if you can help.
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2018, 21:04
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sandysilva wrote:
DmitryFarber wrote:
D is definitely the best of the bunch. A & B don't work because they seem to modify "the spirit of America," and the senator isn't comparing the spirit of America to cutting a branch. E is impossible because we don't want to compare the policies to a branch. C seems better, but there is no "process" to refer to. Policies are not a kind of process. We also don't need "the act" to have parallelism. "Cutting" can already serve as a noun. D clearly compares the policies to cutting off a branch.


Hi Dmitry. Thanks for making it more clear. However, my query still remains. What is the logic behind the usage of Comma+comparing in the sentence. If it is a clause modifier how can it jump the clause preceding it?
I'll be thankful if you can help.


Comma + comparing is "verb-ing" modifier. It is modifying "How" aspect of previous clause.
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Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2018, 08:22
DmitryFarber wrote:
D is definitely the best of the bunch. A & B don't work because they seem to modify "the spirit of America," and the senator isn't comparing the spirit of America to cutting a branch. E is impossible because we don't want to compare the policies to a branch. C seems better, but there is no "process" to refer to. Policies are not a kind of process. We also don't need "the act" to have parallelism. "Cutting" can already serve as a noun. D clearly compares the policies to cutting off a branch.


Is it not wrong to compare nouns to gerunds? (as suggested in option D)
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Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 23:46
DmitryFarber wrote:
D is definitely the best of the bunch. A & B don't work because they seem to modify "the spirit of America," and the senator isn't comparing the spirit of America to cutting a branch. E is impossible because we don't want to compare the policies to a branch. C seems better, but there is no "process" to refer to. Policies are not a kind of process. We also don't need "the act" to have parallelism. "Cutting" can already serve as a noun. D clearly compares the policies to cutting off a branch.


I am not sure how is D correct. The anti immigrant policies are not compared to the cutting. You can not compare a "policy" to "cutting". You can compare 2 policies with each other. It is the "manner" in which the "anti immigration policies mar the spirit of America" is compared to the manner/act of " cutting of the branch on which one is sitting". Also, pronoun "them" is slightly ambiguous.

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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 00:54
sandysilva Can you please mention the source of this question.

daagh
Can you please clarify on why option C is wrong. (Option D is incorrectly comparing policies with act of cutting..)
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 01:10
anvesh004 wrote:
sandysilva Can you please mention the source of this question.

daagh
Can you please clarify on why option C is wrong. (Option D is incorrectly comparing policies with act of cutting..)


c) comparing the process to the act of cutting off a branch one is sitting on.

I would say the process "immigration process" is compared to the "act of cutting" .
That is not a logical comparison .
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 01:14
globaldesi wrote:
anvesh004 wrote:
sandysilva Can you please mention the source of this question.

daagh
Can you please clarify on why option C is wrong. (Option D is incorrectly comparing policies with act of cutting..)


c) comparing the process to the act of cutting off a branch one is sitting on.

I would say the process "immigration process" is compared to the "act of cutting" .
That is not a logical comparison .



I think the "process" represents "the way the policies are marring..."
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 01:42
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Arguing that America has always been the land of immigrants, the Senator contended that anti-immigration policies mar the spirit of America, which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on.

A) which he compared to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

B) which he compared to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut

C) comparing the process to the act of cutting off a branch one is sitting on

D) comparing them to cutting off a branch one is sitting on

E) comparing them to a branch one is sitting on which is being cut out


IMO, this question is defective and One can't learn any good from this.

1. On the look of it, we are able to reject A and B because the relative pronoun can refer neither to the Spirit of America nor to any other worthwhile noun closeby.

Similarly, in the case of C, D, and E 'the comma plus comparing' indicates that the subject of the previous clause together with its actions is the originator and should promptly be modified by "comparing"
But it makes no sense to say the anti-immigration policies are comparing''

Actually, it is the senator who is comparing.

Where does this lead to?
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New post 11 May 2019, 03:37
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Re: Arguing that america has always been the land of immigrants   [#permalink] 11 May 2019, 03:37
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