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# Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited

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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2012, 01:09
IEsailor wrote:
18. Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited the lands in whose cultures they proclaimed themselves experts, and were as likely as not to call the inhabitants “savages.” By contrast, contemporary anthropologists, who are not taken seriously unless they have lived for a time among the people they study, are likely to use the more enlightened term “indigenous people.”

The author’s assertion about the superiority of contemporary anthropologists rests on which of the following assumptions about the word enlightened?

B. To be enlightened requires spending time among the people being studied.
D. A person who has been enlightened can not, by definition, be called a savage.

Surprising choosing the D is the correct one. However, I still want to express my reasoning below by negate technique:
A person who has been enlightened CAN, by definition, be called a savage. Actually, this negated statement is "maybe" true, not "sure".

In choice B, negate it: "To be enlightened does NOT require spending time among the people being studied" => collapse with the argument. Therefore, choice B must be the correct answer, I chose D, which is wrong.
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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 04:04
B is the answer. The main point of the argument is that contemporary anthropologists are more enlightened because they have lived with natives. Negating B destroys this main point, making B a correct assumption.

Cheers.
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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 04:37
It is assumed by the author that only spending time among the people being studied by the anthropologists makes them enlightened.

Option B is the clear winner here.
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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2012, 11:05
IMO B.. Thanks Alex for the detailed explanation...
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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2014, 00:16
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Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2016, 07:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Armchair anthropologists of the Victorian Era rarely visited   [#permalink] 19 Mar 2016, 07:45

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