Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes

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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2004, 23:37
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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.

Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless, implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Arocaâ€™s schools.

Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.

B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.

C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.

D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.

E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second
presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
If you have any questions
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Director
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25 Dec 2004, 04:35
I will go with (A).

A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
Keywords: objection, prediction, undermine

B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
There is no "alternative "

C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
NOT "main reason cited by the argument"

D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
Claim may not be false. We don't know

E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
"rewarding"??
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25 Dec 2004, 09:40
I also pick A. Criticism milder than protest. Hence the objection goes well with protest than with criticism as in B, besides 'an alternative plan'.

Last edited by sureshbala on 25 Dec 2004, 09:51, edited 1 time in total.
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25 Dec 2004, 09:48
I agree with qhoc0010 and pick A also.
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26 Dec 2004, 17:37
Hello, The OA is D.

And what's the meaning of choice E?

thanks
Director
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28 Dec 2004, 07:44
hmm, what is the source of this question?
Can someone explain?
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30 Dec 2004, 22:11
Guys,

Is this one of those tricky CR questions that tests our understanding of English. Or did we all missed the interpertation of premise/conclusion/argument?

Can someone help on this one?
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23 Jan 2005, 05:10
Hello

I think choice A is a liitle weird.

The argument seems support the certain plan which funds the public schools, but what the argument concerned is whether three percent is sufficient or not.

However, choice A said "against a certain plan", I thinks it is erroneous.

Furthermore, the second boldface seems to stress that three percent is not insufficient.

Therefore, the OA is D.

How do you think ?
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27 Jan 2005, 10:38
A kind of makes it seem like the second boldface is directly attacking the first boldface statement which is not the case. However, choice D is reinforcing the fact that the second boldface is a premise for the conclusion.
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30 Jan 2005, 11:54
Frankly speaking, I could not choose between (A), (D) and (E). All 3 looks ok to me.

chunjuwu, do u have any official explaination for this question?
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30 Jan 2005, 11:55
sorry its among.. not between
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30 Jan 2005, 14:41
First:three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes.
Second: retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

The critics were not exactly opposing the plan of funding school from sales tax. This is why (A) is not right.

The second part is not a rewording of the claim in the first part either. This is why (E) is not right.
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30 Jan 2005, 14:53
Hey, I Got this one right D)
Same explanation as Hong
Director
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30 Jan 2005, 16:11
Argument says: Critics protest...
(A) says: critics made an objection....

I dont feel any difference between them..

For (E)...
argument uses nevertheless.. means it is accepting the plan.. probably with some hesitation..
However, Using the term "REWARDING" can be extreme. On that ground (E) can be dropped.

I think this question is playing too much with the words. Does GMAT asks these type of questions?
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31 Jan 2005, 11:37
Do you have official explanation for D?
Thanks
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17 Jul 2005, 19:58
D cannot be right. Reading critically, the fisrt BF says 3% of CURRENT retail sales falls short.

now look at choice D. It says the first is a claim the argument seeks to refute. The argument is NOT trying to refute that 3% of CURRENT retails sales fall short. In fact the passage says " The critics are correct on the point"

So therefore the answer has to be A.

Thoughts?

HongHu wrote:
First:three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes.
Second: retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

The critics were not exactly opposing the plan of funding school from sales tax. This is why (A) is not right.

The second part is not a rewording of the claim in the first part either. This is why (E) is not right.
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10 Oct 2005, 08:31
I am resurrecting this one because there was a 50 / 50 split on the answer. I say <b>A</b>, as do many others, while others say <b>D</b>. Anyone care to discuss again? BTW, the OA is listed as <b>D</b>.
10 Oct 2005, 08:31
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