Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes

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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2007, 08:06
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Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by JarvisR on 09 Jul 2015, 02:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2007, 17:27
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

Will go for 'D'
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21 Dec 2007, 22:35
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

I say A. b/c the first is an objection to the plan and the second undermines that plan.

B: no alternate plan given
C: the second is not criticism
D: close but not correct b/c the first is not a claim, the first is a true statement.
E: no reservation of accepting the claim is presented.

If not A then D, D is very close but I still think A is a better choice.
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22 Dec 2007, 08:19
[quote="gregspirited"]Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

A??? the possibility of an increase of retail sales undermines the first criticism...
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2008, 10:48
A....whats the OA?
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09 Jan 2008, 13:29
I think A is the best choice. However, D is close.

marcodonzelli wrote:
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

A??? the possibility of an increase of retail sales undermines the first criticism...
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10 Jan 2008, 05:07
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I would go for A

the reason I think D isn;t correct because its not the main point used by arguement.. main point used by an arguement to prove itself is something that supports it.. the second BF is itself a conclusion..

wats the OA
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11 Jan 2008, 08:47
i got for D too.

A is too general, and i think it would be easier to ignore all the asnwer choices that do not agreee with the second statement being the conclusion of the entire argument. C comes close enough, but the first part is incorrect. Only D satisfies the argument as a whole. That's my take on this kind of questions. Find one that is the easiest to spot and eliminate the rest. you have a better chance to get the answer right.
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11 Jan 2008, 09:50
OA plz..
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11 Jan 2008, 10:36
A

D is wrong because the claim is not false as D states, he beleives the claim by itself, he just doesnt support it because it is not taking into account the new retail stores.
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12 Jan 2008, 06:59
A good debate should be how do we elliminate A or D. Even though I would have picked A but I do not know how to elliminate D.
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13 Jan 2008, 07:35
whats the OA greg?
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17 Jan 2008, 18:28
I would go for D.
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18 Jan 2008, 01:02
The bold face arguments are tricky. First need to know the conclusion of the argument and how the bold face arguments relates to the conclusion.

Conclusion: (2 nd bold face argument: In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.
First bold face argument is an objection that points out new plan won’t generate same amount as old plan.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Hold it]

B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations. [First: is Criticism, Second: Actual Conclusion – Eliminate it]

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19 Jan 2008, 08:13
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

D can be eliminated because the argument doesnt refute the claim raised by the critics. The argument in fact endorses the view point of the critics by saying that the critics are correct on this point.
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27 Aug 2015, 03:59
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13 Sep 2016, 13:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2016, 14:17
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection. [ Correct. First is an objection raised by the critics. Since the conclusion talks about -- bound to increase - it is a prediction.]
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan. [Incorrect. The argument talks about how the same plan will achieve more returns due to something happening in the background - It is a prediction.]
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism. [Incorrect. The second is a prediction and not the main reason for its endorsement.]
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.[Incorrect: Argument is not refuting the claim. It accepts it. - The critics are correct on this point ]
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations. [Incorrect. Second part doesn't fall inline with argument]
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Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2016, 15:08
gregspirited wrote:
Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes on property. In place of this system, the city plans to introduce a sales tax of three percent on all retail sales in the city.Critics protest that three percent of current retail sales falls short of the amount raised for schools by property taxes. The critics are correct on this point. Nevertheless,implementing the plan will probably not reduce the money going to Aroca’s schools.Several large retailers have selected Aroca City as the site for huge new stores, and these are certain to draw large numbers of shoppers from neighboring municipalities, where sales are taxed at rates of six percent and more. In consequence, retail sales in Aroca City are bound to increase substantially.

In the argument given, the two potions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first is an objection that has been raised against a certain plan; the second is a prediction that, if accurate, undermines the force of that objection.
B. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is a point the argument makes in favor of adopting an alternative plan.
C. The first is a criticism, endorsed by the argument, of a funding plan; the second is the main reason cited by the argument for its endorsement of the criticism.
D. The first is a claim that the argument seeks to refute; the second is the main point used by the argument to show that the claim is false.
E. The first is a claim that the argument accepts with certain reservations; the second presents that claim in a rewarding that is not subject to those reservations.

This was a great question to test the boldface question type....I chose A and here is my reasoning:
A: The first Bold face (B1) is an objection which is easily spotted by "critics protest.."...the second boldface (B2) is a prediction that is not fact but will hope to undermine the first statement.
D: I can understand why some would pick this one but I did not because the argument did not say that the first bold was false nor is its intention to disprove! It actually is stated that the author agrees that the critics are correct. The critics are saying it won't raise as much as the tax on property, not that it won't work overall. I think that is a subtle but important difference. It was acknowledged that the amount won't be as much as the tax but the hope is that with the opening of new stores it WILL be - hopeful prediction.
Re: Aroca City currently funds its public schools through taxes   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2016, 15:08
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