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# Art museums do not usually think of their collections as

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Manager
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Art museums do not usually think of their collections as [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2005, 10:35
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1. Art museums do not usually think of their collections as capital or consider the interest income that would be generated if a portion of the capital would have been invested in another form.

(A) be generated if a portion of the capital would have been

(B) have been generated if a portion of the capital would have been

(C) be generated if a portion of the capital were

(D) be generated if a portion of the capital was

(E) be generated if a portion of the capital had been

PLEASE EXPLAIN IF " A PORTION IS SINGULAR OR PLURAL" I GOT CONFUSED
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

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Manager
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09 Apr 2005, 10:53
C- for me. a case of "present unreal conditional"

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Senior Manager
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09 Apr 2005, 11:10
poblem here is not whether a portion of capital is singular or plural.
Remember that with if you should use the subjunctive mood, which is were for the verb to be for all persons.

However, E is not grammatically incorrect (could be a case of mixed type).
My ans is C

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VP
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09 Apr 2005, 13:28
"E" for me....use of past perfect to distinguish to actions that can't occur at the sametime. Portion is singular I believe.

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Director
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09 Apr 2005, 16:00
(C) - Subjunctive mood

"A portion" is Singular (In my opinion)

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Manager
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09 Apr 2005, 22:36
GUYS IM STILLUNCLEAR ABOUT THE POINT,,,WOULD U PLS EXPLAIN WITH SOME EXAMPLES
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

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10 Apr 2005, 07:38
C for me as well:

The subjunctive mood is used chiefly to express the speakerâ€™s attitude about the likelihood or factuality of a given situation. Moreover, since we're talking about a hypothetical, we need to use the past subjunctive. The past subjunctive appears chiefly in if clauses and in a few other constructions expressing hypothetical conditions, such as "If she were sorry, she would have apologized by now." (thank you, American Heritage).

What this tells us is that we need the "were" in the "if clause," while we have a "would" in the other portion of the clause. That being said, the sentence in question should read: "or consider the interest income that would be generated if a portion of the capital were invested"

Or so I think... what's the OA?

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10 Apr 2005, 11:25
C.

To solve this, you need to know the IF-THEN structures. Note that THEN is optional in all the structures below.

Here they are:

a) If + <verb-infinitive>, then + <verb-infinitive>
In Wonderland, if it rains, it pours.

b) If + <verb-infinitive>, then + <will/can/may> + <verb-infinitive>

c) If + <simple-past-verb>, then + would + <verb-infinitive>
Note: Subjunctive mood starting with "If" is a special case of this structure. In that case, <simple-past-verb = were>

d) If + <past-perfect>, then + would have + <past-perfect-verb>
Note: This has a variant, starting with "Had" and without "If"
d*) Had + <past-perfect-verb>, then + would have + <past-perfect-verb>

1. Art museums do not usually think of their collections as capital or consider the interest income that would be generated if a portion of the capital would have been invested in another form.

(A) be generated if a portion of the capital would have been
###Illegal "IF-THEN" structure.
###Correct form would look like: "would have been generated if a ###portion of the capital had been invested"

(B) have been generated if a portion of the capital would have been
###Illegal "IF-THEN" structure. Same as above.

(C) be generated if a portion of the capital were
###Correct.
###It follows, the structure shown in (c) in my notes.
###"if a portion were invested, then income would be generated"
###Structure is:
### if + <simple-past-verb = were>, would + <verb-infinitive =be>

(D) be generated if a portion of the capital was
###Follows correct IF-THEN structure of (c).
###But violates subjunctive mood constraint.

(E) be generated if a portion of the capital had been
###Illegal IF-THEN structure.
###Correct form would look like -
###"would have been generated if a portion of the capital had been"
###Note that would is not underlined.
###So, "have been generated if a portion of the capital had been"
###Look at stucture (d) in my notes.
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10 Apr 2005, 11:49
E) be generated if a portion of the capital had been
###Illegal IF-THEN structure.
###Correct form would look like -
###"would have been generated if a portion of the capital had been"
###Note that would is not underlined.
###So, "have been generated if a portion of the capital had been"
###Look at stucture (d) in my notes.

This is not correct.

5.There is a "mixed type" as well, for the present results of an unreal condition in the past:
If + Past Perfect - would + inf.
If you had warned me [then], I would not be in prison [now].

http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/conditional2.htm

I have changed my mind. Ans should be (E) because we have to correct the sentence mantaining the sense and "would have been invested" is antecedent to "the interest income that would be generated "

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10 Apr 2005, 11:49
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# Art museums do not usually think of their collections as

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