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# Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic

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Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2011
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 04:25
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kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

D wins. Main clause is in past tense, hence the successive clause needs to maintain the tense.

The concept is described very well in Manhattan GMAT SC guide (Tense Sequence).

"Avoid mixing Present tense with Conditional tense and mixing Past tense with Future tense. The usual sequences are either
1. Present+Future
Eg. The scientist believes that the machine will be wonderful.
OR 2. Past+Conditional.
Eg. The scientist believed that the machine would be wonderful.

Hope this helps.
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Joined: 04 Oct 2011
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2011, 03:31
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people

Why is it not C ? In D, it says computer can be programmed to think like people. Here the author wants to compare, the fact that people can think, so can computer if it is programmed. In D ("Computer could be programmed to think like people") it means, people can also be programmed .. ???

Any pointers.. ?

And in C it rightly compares the thinking. Secondly it is an assumption, it can start with "can" and doesn't need "could".

Any thoughts ???
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 02:05
Quote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can <wring because here we are saying that computers can be programmed to think as people ca be { programmed to think}
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

my pic D
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2012, 07:27
1
IMO D.
Here is my approach.

Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people >> tense problem
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people >> wordy and 'as' compares clauses, not noun. Here People is a noun.
(C) can be programmed to think as people can >> tense problem
(D) could be programmed to think like people >> it corrects tense problem, also 'like' correctly compares nouns. Hence it is the right answer.
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do >> tense problem
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2013, 22:19
Computers do not have abilities and they are not capable.... "Capable" and "able" are to "active" for inanimate objects to use.
Eliminate A, B and E.

Between C and D, we must eliminate C on grounds that it uses "can" which is not consistent with the past tense and "programmed to think as people can" . The intended meaning is to think like people.

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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2013, 16:27
1
Check the logical context to realise that in
(C) can be programmed to think as people can.
'as people can' refers to the ability of the people to be programmed as the computers are , and not the thinking ability.
(D) could be programmed to think like people.
here it correctly refers to the comparison between the thinking ability of people and computers.

Please let me know if i am right.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 03:32
1
OA has been added and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button and post your queries – closing this request.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 09:36
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can

(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

Could is the correct usage for the future tense in the past.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2017, 06:14
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
This gives a meaning that "Computer are themselves able to be programmed"
We actually want to say that "computer can be programmed"

(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
Three Issues :
1st : "Were" - use of past means that computer no longer can be programmed : This is NOT intended..
2nd : Usage of "as" for comparison needs a verb after the subject.. In short we need a clause after the use of "as" ..
Here "as people do is required"
3rd : Same as Option A

(C) can be programmed to think as people can
"as people can" is incorrect : should be "as people do"

(D) could be programmed to think like people
Correct Choice : Comparison using "like" requires that "like be followed by a noun...which is exactly what is given here...

(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do
Here a clause (people do) is being compared using "like" which incorrect. Correct usage of Like for comparison shall be as mentioned in Option D
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2017, 07:43
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people - usage of present tense are able is incorrect as main clause is in present
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people - usage of as is incorrect
(C) can be programmed to think as people can - usage of present tense is incorrect as main clause is in present
(D) could be programmed to think like people - Correct
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do - usage of present tense are able is incorrect as main clause is in present ; usage of like to compare verbs is incorrect
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 05:56
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people --Present Tense
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people-- As people (verb is missing)
(C) can be programmed to think as people can --- as people can (be programmed to think..LOL) + Tense Error
(D) could be programmed to think like people--- Past Tense is correct+ computers can be programmed to think like people do(i.e. think)
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do ---present tense+ being programmed blah blah--don't need so many words.

Error Analysis- Tense, Idiom, Comparison
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2018, 05:56

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