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# Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic

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08 Mar 2010, 08:12
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Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

This is an oudated source!
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2010, 00:05
7
3
D is the correct answer because can is used for general ability whereas could is used for possibility.

A, B and E are eliminated because ability/capability is not used with things

found this explanation in other thread. hope this helps
##### General Discussion
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2010, 07:27
divanshuj wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

IMO C ... 'think as' not 'think like'

wats the OA ???
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2010, 08:35
2
POE leads to option C & D

I chose option D -- correct tense usage -- correct comparison between 'computers' and 'people' using "like"

IMO option C is ambiguous because of the comparison between actions (using "as") -- sounds like we are comparing the two of the following:
- computers can be programmed to think AS
- people can (be programmed to think)

OA pls
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2011, 22:24
mustdoit wrote:
divanshuj wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people---- grammatical fallacy
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people---- were tense is wrong
(C) can be programmed to think as people can---- as is wrong (as used for examples)
(D) could be programmed to think like people (do)----correct
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do
----being incorrect

As is not used for examples it is Such as that is used for examples .
As is used to compare 2 Actions.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2011, 12:47
gorupruthi wrote:
mustdoit wrote:
divanshuj wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people---- grammatical fallacy
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people---- were tense is wrong
(C) can be programmed to think as people can---- as is wrong (as used for examples)
(D) could be programmed to think like people (do)----correct
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do
----being incorrect

As is not used for examples it is Such as that is used for examples .
As is used to compare 2 Actions.

1+ C

"As" is used to give example of role playing or to compare two clauses.
Like can not be used to compare actions.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2011, 11:21
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.

(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2011, 23:08
4
The essential things to consider here are: 1. Tense of the verb,2 improper diction and, 3, use of ‘like' for a clause

(A) Are able to be programmed to think like people ------- The main clause is in past tense. Use of present tense in the sub clause is wrong.
(B) Were able to be programmed to think as people ---- – could be is the right choice of the word compared to ‘were able”
(C) can be programmed to think as people can---- shift to present tense in sub cluse is wrong when the main clause is in past tense
(D) could be programmed to think like people ------ good choice.
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do ------1. wrong tense, 2. using ‘like’ for comparing verb
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2011, 01:20
GMATPASSION wrote:
I place my bet on E.

i could see now why the better choice is D
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2011, 11:47
Interesting. I find it hard to choose between C,D.

Chose C... but I can see why D is right... anyone can help me with this one?

thanks.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2011, 10:13
3
1
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

When you see a split in the answer choices between like and as, eliminate answer choices using this rule: LIKE to compare nouns, AS to compare clauses. Don't try to anticipate the answer; you can't reliably guess which direction the question will go. For instance, the correct answer to this question could have said either as people do or like people.

A uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
B uses as to compare computers to people. Those are both nouns. Eliminate.
C uses as to compare can be programmed to can (be programmed). The second instance of be programmed is elided, but that's not a problem. OK.
D uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
E seems to use like to compare think to do. Those are both verbs. Eliminate.

What next? Well, the comparison in C is illogical. the sentence is meant to say that people think, not that people can be programmed to think. By the way, when you see the word like in an SC, whether it's in the underlined section or not, you will almost certainly find at least one answer that makes an illogical comparison.

That leaves just A and D, are able to be vs. could be. I would choose D, could be, more for reasons of concision/awkwardness than because of the verb tense.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2011, 12:15
kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

assumption means future... thus. A,B are obvious wrong.

C/D/E - people can and people do are wordy and unneccesary... so D
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2011, 16:49
I picked D..."like" is used to compare people, and option A is wordy.
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2011, 17:19
great post!! good tip on using like/as to first eliminate the split
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2011, 00:16
kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

Strike 1: 'able' speaks of 'ability' while 'can/could' speaks of possibility. Sentence is talking about assumption i.e. possibility. You assume a possibility. You can never assume an ability because when it comes to ability, you either have it or you don't have it. --> answer is most probably C or D.

Strike 2: 'as' vs 'like'. We are comparing two nouns here. So, we use 'like'. --> Answer: D
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2011, 23:57
gmatopoeia wrote:
kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

Strike 1: 'able' speaks of 'ability' while 'can/could' speaks of possibility. Sentence is talking about assumption i.e. possibility. You assume a possibility. You can never assume an ability because when it comes to ability, you either have it or you don't have it. --> answer is most probably C or D.

Strike 2: 'as' vs 'like'. We are comparing two nouns here. So, we use 'like'. --> Answer: D

great splits! i like your reasoning. thanks!
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2011, 03:01
kaliaabhishek wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

(A) - Incorrect - "are able to be programmed" (should be past tense)
(B) - Incorrect - "were able to be " (wordy - should be just "could")
(C) - Incorrect - "can be programmed" (should be past tense)
(D) - Correct
(E) - Incorrect - "are capable of being" (wordy, and wrong tense)
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2011, 04:00
Could be...used when future is seen from past with an uncertainty! Nice question~D!
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2011, 03:50
+1 D

As--->For comparing to clauses
Like--->for comparing two nouns
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Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic  [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 05:15
MichaelS wrote:
Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic discipline based on the assumption that computers are able to be programmed to think like people.
(A) are able to be programmed to think like people
(B) were able to be programmed to think as people
(C) can be programmed to think as people can
(D) could be programmed to think like people
(E) are capable of being programmed to think like people do

When you see a split in the answer choices between like and as, eliminate answer choices using this rule: LIKE to compare nouns, AS to compare clauses. Don't try to anticipate the answer; you can't reliably guess which direction the question will go. For instance, the correct answer to this question could have said either as people do or like people.

A uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
B uses as to compare computers to people. Those are both nouns. Eliminate.
C uses as to compare can be programmed to can (be programmed). The second instance of be programmed is elided, but that's not a problem. OK.
D uses like to compare computers to people. OK.
E seems to use like to compare think to do. Those are both verbs. Eliminate.

What next? Well, the comparison in C is illogical. the sentence is meant to say that people think, not that people can be programmed to think. By the way, when you see the word like in an SC, whether it's in the underlined section or not, you will almost certainly find at least one answer that makes an illogical comparison.

That leaves just A and D, are able to be vs. could be. I would choose D, could be, more for reasons of concision/awkwardness than because of the verb tense.

So you mean that for A&D, there's no actual difference? "were able to " and "could be" are both right?
I choose A between the two.
Re: Artificial intelligence emerged during the late 1950’s as an academic &nbs [#permalink] 29 Oct 2011, 05:15

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