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# As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh

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As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Sep 2019, 23:00
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 30, Date : 15-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details

As a business model, the world of publishing
has always been a somewhat sleepy enclave, but
now all that seems poised to change. Several Line
companies have moved aggressively into a new
(5) business endeavor whose genesis comes from
the question: Who owns the great works of literature?
Text-on-demand is not a completely new idea, of course.
In the 1990s, the Gutenberg project sought volunteers
to type literary classics that had
(10) expired copyrights into word processing files
so that scholars would have searchable databases
for their research. Most of the works of Shakespeare,
Cervantes, Proust, and Moliere were to be found free
online by as early as 1995.

(15) However, now large-scale companies have
moved into the market, with scanners and business
plans, and are looking for bargain basement content.
These companies are striking deals with libraries,
and some publishers, to
(20) be able to provide their content, for a price,
to individual buyers over the Internet.

At stake are the rights to an estimated store
of 30 million books, most of which are now out
of print. Many of these books are now also in the
(25) public domain, giving any company the
right to sell them online. Still, a good portion of the
books a general audience might actually want to buy
is still under copyright. The urgent question: Who
owns those copyrights? In the case of all too
(30) many books put out more than 20 years
ago by now-defunct publishing companies, the
answer is unclear—a situation the new text-on-demand
companies are eager to exploit. An association of
publishers has sued, claiming massive copyright
(35) infringement. The case is several years
away from trial.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. present the results of a statistical analysis and propose further study
B. explain a recent development and explore its consequences
C. identify the reasons for a trend and recommend measures to address it
D. outline several theories about a phenomenon and advocate one of them
E. describe the potential consequences of implementing a new policy and argue in favor of that policy

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the works of Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Molière

A. are some of the most popular works of literature
C. are among the works for which the association of publishers is suing text-on-demand companies
D. do not currently exist as searchable databases
E. were owned by now-defunct publishing companies

3. Which of the following is an example of a book that a text-ondemand company would not have to acquire the rights to?

A. A book still under copyright
B. A book more than 20 years old
C. A book in the public domain
D. A book a general audience might want to buy
E. A book not already owned by publishers the company has a deal with

4. It can be inferred from the passage that a common practice of texton-demand companies is to

A. use scanners to find books they want to acquire
D. acquire the rights to books for as little as possible
E. attempt to supplant the role of traditional publishers

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Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 26 Sep 2019, 23:00, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (700).
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GMAT 1: 700 Q47 V39
GPA: 3.7
Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2019, 04:57
5
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. present the results of a statistical analysis and propose further study
No statistical analysis was presented
B. explain a recent development and explore its consequences
1st para talks about recent development and last para talks about the consequences
C. identify the reasons for a trend and recommend measures to address it
No measures are recommended to address a trend
D. outline several theories about a phenomenon and advocate one of them
several theories are not outlined in the passage
E. describe the potential consequences of implementing a new policy and argue in favor of that policy\
Argument does not argue in favor of a policy

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the works of Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Molière

A. are some of the most popular works of literature
Might be true but not stated in passage
yes, given in 1st para last 2 sentences
C. are among the works for which the association of publishers is suing text-on-demand companies
No, not supported by passage
D. do not currently exist as searchable databases
opposite, they do exist
E. were owned by now-defunct publishing companies
No, not supported by passage

3. Which of the following is an example of a book that a text-ondemand company would not have to acquire the rights to?

A. A book still under copyright
No, for copyrighted book-rights have to be acquired
B. A book more than 20 years old
No, not supported by passage
C. A book in the public domain
Yes, 3rd para 2nd sentence supports it
D. A book a general audience might want to buy
E. A book not already owned by publishers the company has a deal with

4. It can be inferred from the passage that a common practice of texton-demand companies is to

A. use scanners to find books they want to acquire
No, not supported by passage
No, not supported by passage
No, not supported by passage
D. acquire the rights to books for as little as possible
yes, given in last para
E. attempt to supplant the role of traditional publishers
No, not supported by passage
##### General Discussion
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Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2019, 10:49
1
Official Explanation

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

Explanation

Process of Elimination is useful here. Does the author present a statistical analysis? No, so eliminate (A). While the author might be said to identify the reasons for a trend, does she recommend measures to address it? No, so eliminate (C). Does the author advocate anything whatsoever? No, so eliminate (D). Does the author argue in favor of any policy? No, so eliminate (E).

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the works of Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Molière

Explanation

Look for information about the authors mentioned in the question: It’s in the end of the second paragraph. Make sure to read the context and not just those lines. Based on the previous sentence, these books are examples of ones with expired copyrights that were typed and put online. This supports (B). Choices (A) and (E) might be true but cannot be inferred. Choice (C) is out of scope, as lawsuits apply to other works than the subject of this question. Choice (D) directly contradicts the passage.

3. Which of the following is an example of a book that a text-ondemand company would not have to acquire the rights to?

Explanation

The passage states in the last paragraph that these companies want to exploit the unclear situation of who owns the copyrights to certain books. They would want to print something that is not under copyright, so it would be in the public domain, as the passage indicates in lines 25–26. For (B), the passage does not say that all books over 20 years old may be freely printed.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that a common practice of texton-demand companies is to

Explanation

Use process of elimination. Choices (A) and (B) are recycled language—the passage mentions scanners and business plans but doesn’t say that. Choice (C) is a reversal—the passage states that these companies are looking for bargain basement content. Choice (D) fits with this statement. Choice (E) is not supported because the passage doesn’t explain what these practices have to do with the role of traditional publishers.

Hope it Helps
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Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2019, 13:40
Official Explanation

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

Explanation

Process of Elimination is useful here. Does the author present a statistical analysis? No, so eliminate (A). While the author might be said to identify the reasons for a trend, does she recommend measures to address it? No, so eliminate (C). Does the author advocate anything whatsoever? No, so eliminate (D). Does the author argue in favor of any policy? No, so eliminate (E).

2. It can be inferred from the passage that the works of Shakespeare, Cervantes, and Molière

Explanation

Look for information about the authors mentioned in the question: It’s in the end of the second paragraph. Make sure to read the context and not just those lines. Based on the previous sentence, these books are examples of ones with expired copyrights that were typed and put online. This supports (B). Choices (A) and (E) might be true but cannot be inferred. Choice (C) is out of scope, as lawsuits apply to other works than the subject of this question. Choice (D) directly contradicts the passage.

3. Which of the following is an example of a book that a text-ondemand company would not have to acquire the rights to?

Explanation

The passage states in the last paragraph that these companies want to exploit the unclear situation of who owns the copyrights to certain books. They would want to print something that is not under copyright, so it would be in the public domain, as the passage indicates in lines 25–26. For (B), the passage does not say that all books over 20 years old may be freely printed.

4. It can be inferred from the passage that a common practice of texton-demand companies is to

Explanation

Use process of elimination. Choices (A) and (B) are recycled language—the passage mentions scanners and business plans but doesn’t say that. Choice (C) is a reversal—the passage states that these companies are looking for bargain basement content. Choice (D) fits with this statement. Choice (E) is not supported because the passage doesn’t explain what these practices have to do with the role of traditional publishers.

Hope it Helps

Hi!!
I've been reading the explanation. The expl for the second question says " It’s in the end of the second paragraph [...]" But It seems to me that the second paragraph does not say that at all.

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Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2019, 22:24
Hey. For Q4, I cant find any statement in the passage that agrees with Option D
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Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2020, 01:46
patto

I guess there's a typo in SajjadAhmad 's post. You can actually find the answer to the second question at the end of the first paragraph:

Quote:
In the 1990s, the Gutenberg project sought volunteers
to type literary classics that had
into word processing files
so that scholars would have searchable databases
for their research. Most of the works of Shakespeare,
Cervantes, Proust, and Moliere were to be found free
online
by as early as 1995.

I also got the last one wrong. Accordingly to my personal experience while practicing with gmat-like question, I suggest to look for the answer in the whole text and never refer to only a part of it. Question n.4 asks for inference. As the text tells us that

Quote:
These companies are striking deals with libraries,
and some publishers, to
(20) be able to provide their content, for a price,
to individual buyers over the Internet.

I thought that E could be correct. In fact, nothing is specified about the actual aim of the companies that provide free content on the internet. Therefore we cannot say that they " attempt to supplant the role of traditional publishers ".

On the other hand, paying attention to all the passage, we can catch the answer to question n.4 in the last paragraph:

Quote:
An association of
publishers has sued, claiming massive copyright
(35) infringement.
The case is several years
away from trial.

The existence of copyright infringement clearly tells us that large-scale companies who have recently joined the market are trying not to pay copyrights, hence the legal action from the association of publishers. - Answer: D

Hope it helps. Consider giving kudos if you appreciated my explanation!
Re: As a business model, the world of publishing has always been a somewh   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2020, 01:46
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