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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at

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As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 188
Page: 682

As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Nov 2017, 14:33, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 09:06
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I would have gone with D but I know the OA is B.
Guys, any reason to eliminate D or B? Please explain.
Anand.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2007, 09:16
sidbidus wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


D is wrong because it uses "in childhood" right after "who". B is better.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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shoonya wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


D is wrong because it uses "in childhood" right after "who". B is better.


Would re-framing the choice D to:
who, in childhood, might have at one time died

make it a probable choice?

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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eyunni wrote:
shoonya wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


D is wrong because it uses "in childhood" right after "who". B is better.


Would re-framing the choice D to:
who, in childhood, might have at one time died

make it a probable choice?


No, you still need // sentences as in B:
who might once have died in childhood...now live well into old age.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 02:47
scthakur wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

Please explain why you rejected an option.


i think its D.........

option A) incoorect usage of that.....
B) the sentence changes the meaning it says that people who have died in childhood,
then how can they live well into old age.
C) again the usage of that is inappropiate
E) wrong use of pronoun "they"

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2009, 22:19
OA is B.

Frankly, I do not understand how B is different in meaning from D (I short listed these two as the options, but was not able to zero down on either B or D). To me, they mean the same. Can someone throw more light on this?

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2009, 02:20
In B, once means some time in the past (eg Once upon a time), so this conveys that they might have died in childhood
But d completely distorts the menaing. It conveys taht they might have died one time and come back again.I hope this helps.
scthakur wrote:
OA is B.

Frankly, I do not understand how B is different in meaning from D (I short listed these two as the options, but was not able to zero down on either B or D). To me, they mean the same. Can someone throw more light on this?

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2009, 07:22
scthakur wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

Please explain why you rejected an option.


A,C -out "that" is not appropriate here.

at one time (wordy) = once (concise)
D,E are out.

D,E also distorts the meaning.
as ritula explained.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2009, 09:12
who is required after people.
D & E really awkward.
x2suresh wrote:
scthakur wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

Please explain why you rejected an option.


A,C -out "that" is not appropriate here.

at one time (wordy) = once (concise)
D,E are out.

D,E also distorts the meaning.
as ritual explained.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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(A) Wrong : Children – old age are not parallel
(B) Correct : childhood and old age are parallel
(C) Wrong : same reason as in A
(D) Wrong : one time died is wrong [people wont die multiple times]
(E) Wrong : same reason as in A
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


[Reveal] Spoiler: My Doubt
I am confused between B and D

B sounds very incorrect to me
"Who might once have died in childhood"
here once sounds to be emphasizing once, twice, thrice thing ....
at one time sounds better in such a situation what do you say guys

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2012, 08:19
shikhar wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


I am confused between B and D

B sounds very incorrect to me
"Who might once have died in childhood"
here once sounds to be emphasizing once, twice, thrice thing ....
at one time sounds better in such a situation what do you say guys

yeah, i agree with you, though it looks funny to use the sentence the way it has been used in B, but if you see closely in other options, it actually is conveying the same meaning. the best construction( IMO) would have been...
people who might have died in childhood of such.....
but among B and D
b conveys the meaning with brevity..
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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shikhar wrote:
121. As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


I am confused between B and D

B sounds very incorrect to me
"Who might once have died in childhood"
here once sounds to be emphasizing once, twice, thrice thing ....
at one time sounds better in such a situation what do you say guys



These are types of questions the GMAT is moving more towards - one of meaning. Usually you'll be down to 2 answer choices - here B and D and the difference may come to a small technicality or in meaning.

With D - the "one time" if you read closely refers to one time during the childhood period.
For B - the "once" refers to one time in history, something may have happened in a person's childhood.

There is a slight nuance here that is significant. With D, it's a time during the childhood where something happened - death. Now it doesn't make sense here because if there was death, then there was no stage after childhood.

If the sentence said - many people who in childhood might have at one time gotten chicken pox - it would be valid. However, we are using death instead and it just doesn't make sense in this context.

B doesn't have this confusion. One may have died in childhood...when? At one time or moment in history. He is not dying at one time IN his childhood. He is dying as a child at one time IN the timeline of history.

More GMAT questions will be of this type going forward.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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+1 for B.

who vs that => that cannot be used for people => A and C out.
D and E are incorrect because they seem to suggest that people died once in childhood, then....

B wins.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2012, 23:35
like the previous post said who vs. that narrows it down to B and D.
Between B and D is a classic meaning debate but the difference is pretty clear!

In analyzing B and D, I deleted some words to emphasize the focus.

(B) who might once have died
In B, focus on died. So, sounds correct. Once refers to some point in time.

(D) who might have at one time died
In D, focus is on "at one time died". At one time is ambiguous. Why? Because it could either mean "a particular time" so he couldn't have died twice or at two different times or it could mean at once upon a time as in B.

The other aspect is that once is more concise than at one time.

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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2012, 04:50
i also marked D

But Correct answer is B as once and now Both are adverbs & parallel.
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2012, 20:09
Now,

don't you think D has a proper usage of 'Died of diseases' instead of B which says - 'Died in childhood of diseases'????????????????

Thanks
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Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2012, 02:57
will go for B rest are quite confusing
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Re: many people that might at one time have died as children [#permalink]

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Ankit04041987 wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died


What is the question for you with this sentence. You should follow the meaning of this sentence which states that many people might died in childhood. Not as children.

Choice (A) makes the meaning as the people might died in the same way as the children died.Wrong.
Choice (C) has the same meaning as choice (A)
Choice (D) means that the people died in their childhood one times. Now they're still alive => Do they reborn, don't they? => Ridiculous.
Choice (E) makes the meaning between the comma becomes unessential and unnecessary. If we omit that clause, the sentence will be go in the unintended meaning.
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Re: many people that might at one time have died as children   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2012, 21:34

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