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# As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one

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As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2008, 05:18
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As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions, Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

(A) The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.
(B) During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders.
(C) The chair of the new council must be a person who can communicate directly with the leaders of the nation’s largest labor unions.
(D) Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2008, 05:22
E!!
"As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions" -- and answer E supports this.

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2008, 07:39
D is right out. A, B and C are tempting and might even be correct, only the best answer is E. Good question.
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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2008, 07:42
E for me.

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2008, 09:58
Nihit wrote:
As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions, Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

(A) The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.
(B) During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders.
(C) The chair of the new council must be a person who can communicate directly with the leaders of the nation’s largest labor unions.
(D) Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.

B is tempting...

But will go for E.

Conclusion: Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations
premises: is an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions

will take B:
Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders, During his years as a labor leader.
This may be one of the required quality for the "new council on business-labor relations".
He may lack other qualities.

I can say B is not linking "Conclusion" and "Premises" strongly.

will take E:
An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.

premises: He is experienced labor organizer and head of LU. So he understands the problems of labor ---> this is qualification for chair--> So he is the best/excellent choice.

what is OA.
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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2008, 03:47
OA is E

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2008, 13:51
I remember quite some debate on this Q in the past.

I chose B in the past because I felt that for some one to succeed in a position that handles 2 sides of things, he/she needs to manage both sides properly

As x2suresh said, B is the tempting answer that lets us get our imagination into the Q.

E establishes the relation.

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2009, 10:42
Why not D???

If most members are from the business side then someone from the labour side is also needed
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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2009, 08:17
STRENTHENing Question

"As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions, Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

(A) The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.--not so strong
(B) During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders--OUT
(C) The chair of the new council must be a person who can communicate directly with the leaders of the nation’s largest labor unions.---Important...could be the reason??but only "communication"??OUT too
(D) Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.--OOS
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council."--its important..
is it E?
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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2010, 18:58
(A) not so strong
(B) Assumption that the relation will help him
(C) ---Important...could be the reason??but only "communication"?? communication is also important
(D) --OOS
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council."--its important. but why is he excellent for this post. any body who understand the issue could become the chair person???

Why is it E then?
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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2010, 17:49
I got E too

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Re: As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2010, 03:44
IMO E.
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As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 20:46
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As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions, Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?
(A) The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.
(B) During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders.
(C) The chair of the new council must be a person who can communicate directly with the leaders of the nation’s largest labor unions.
(D) Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA after discussion.

Please explain the options you choose.
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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2010, 21:08
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Kaplan Method for Critical Reasoning.
Step 1: Analyze the question stem.
"Strengthen" makes it clear we're dealing with a strengthen question; we'll need to find evidence, conclusion, and assumption.

Step 2: Untangle the stimulus
Evidence: Greyson has experience in unions and labor organzation.
Conclusion: Greyson will do well in business labor relations.

We're dealing with a classic scope shift here; the evidence discusses experience in one job, the conclusion predicts success in another. So, the assumption is:

"Greyson's experience as a labor leader will make him good at business relations."

For a strengthener, the prediction is straightforward--we're looking for an answer that shows us how Greyson's experience at his past job qualifies him for this new one.

Step 4: Evaluate the answer choices.

(B) Matches our prediction exactly--Greyson's experience as a leader helped him with building good relationships.

There are several tempting answer choices, but each has its own pitfalls. (C) introduces communication; while we may presume that communication is vital for the job, this isn't necessarily the case. It's out of scope. (E), meanwhile, is too extreme--understanding labor is probably helpful in this new council position, but it's certainly not the only qualification.
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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 09:20
This question is from the 1000 CR series and the OA given there is different.
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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 09:42
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BarneyStinson wrote:
As an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions, Grayson is an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?
(A) The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.
(B) During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders.
(C) The chair of the new council must be a person who can communicate directly with the leaders of the nation’s largest labor unions.
(D) Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.
(E) An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.

Please explain the options you choose.

E.

Explanation:

Premise: an experienced labor organizer and the former head of one of the nation’s most powerful labor unions.
Conclusion: excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labor relations.

The correct answer will assist in establishing the conclusion / fix a weakness in the argument.

The argument is flawed in that it assumes that his role as a labor leader will prepare him for business relations.

E. strengthens the argument by basically confirming that assumption. Negating E will weaken the argument by making him look under-qualified.

As far as B, I would say PowerScore would describe it as a shell game answer. It doesn't support this conclusion per se, but it looks like it does.

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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 12:59
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On further examination, I was hasty in eliminating (E). (E) certainly strengthens the answer--"only" makes it too extreme to be an assumption, but the argument is strengthened indeed if the only qualification necessary is the one he has.

That being said, the reason that I eliminated (E) was that there isn't actually anything wrong with (B); it directly reaffirms the assumption. Once I saw that it matched our prediction perfectly, I hastily assumed that the others had to be wrong. I suppose in this case an argument could be made that is strengthens the argument 'less' than (E) does, because of the introduction of the idea of business "leaders". However, (B) directly bridges that gap between the evidence (Grayson's work as a labor leader) and the conclusion (his ability to work in business-labor relations.) The real GMAT never has answers that 'strengthen less' and 'strenghten more'; there will be four answers do not strengthen the argument, and exactly one that does. I've heard a lot of complaints about the quality of the 1000 CR questions, and I think this is another example.

Still, Suvorov, thanks for pointing out my hastiness with (E)!
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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 13:17
KapTeacherEli wrote:
The real GMAT never has answers that 'strengthen less' and 'strenghten more'; there will be four answers do not strengthen the argument, and exactly one that does.

That's good to know.

Coming from LSAT background I pretty much expect three throw away answers, one correct and one "really close but not really" type answers.

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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2010, 20:36
IMO E

because it is given "An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification" and Grayson is an experienced labor organizer, former head

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Re: Grayson to chair the new council [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2010, 22:37
After reading the options, I eliminated it down to B or D. I initially chose answer D.

I chose D because I thought that labor union rep was necessary because the council already had business management reps. After reading the other comments, I now see that D is incorrect because like Suvorov said, "the argument is flawed in that it assumes that his role as a labor leader will prepare him for business relations." Also, I made bad assumptions because I let my opinions interfere.

I eliminated B because it gave more facts about the evidence (Grayson had good relations with business leaders when he was a labor union leader) and did not strengthen the conclusion (excellent chair choice).

A & C were easy to eliminate. I also hastily eliminated E because after reading E, I thought it was too simple an answer (looked like an easy throw out) and did not even try to test if it strengthened the conclusion.

I change my answer to E because it links the evidence to the conclusion by fixing the flaw. It mentions understanding the needs/problems of labor, which Grayson has from his experience as a labor union leader (evidence) and strengthens Grayson as an excellent selection to chair the council (conclusion).

+1 to Suvorov for an excellent explanation.
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Re: Grayson to chair the new council   [#permalink] 14 Feb 2010, 22:37

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