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# As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2007
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As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2007, 16:18
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126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 06 Jun 2016, 08:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2007, 16:55
To be supportive, the use of "taking" is needed. So D and E are out.

Parellelism needs "to standardize" (Note: The matching has to be between "to sell, to standardize and to predict)

So, B is correct.

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Manager
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2007, 19:35
to sell ,to predict in non underlined section narrow down the choices to
B and E.
E will break parallelism.
so B

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Manager
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2007, 21:37
[quote="leeye84"]126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, [u]taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize [/u]its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.[/quote]

B for me, parallelism "to sell, to standarize, and to predict"

A, C- it must read 'to standarize' to keep parallelism
D,E - 'tak advantage' doesn't need to be parallel to the other items as it should be modifying the sale of shellfish; the correct phrase is 'taking advantage...'

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2007, 01:38
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.

Another B.
Parallel structures: enable to sell, to standardize, and to predict
the trick is "taking advantage". It is a gerund structure which describes the verb "sell".
- To sell how?
When choosing among the answers first eliminate D and E, because "take" is not parallel to "to sell". Then realize that "taking" describes the infinitive "to sell" and then among A,B and C choose the one with "standardize" in the parallel form.

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VP
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2007, 05:38
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.

to X, to y and to Z -> A,C,D

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2007, 08:21
Caas wrote:
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.

Another B.
Parallel structures: enable to sell, to standardize, and to predict
the trick is "taking advantage". It is a gerund structure which describes the verb "sell".
- To sell how?
When choosing among the answers first eliminate D and E, because "take" is not parallel to "to sell". Then realize that "taking" describes the infinitive "to sell" and then among A,B and C choose the one with "standardize" in the parallel form.

It is not really a gerund structure. It's a participial phrase.

Commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

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Director
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2007, 08:24
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leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.

B for llism.

"taking............" is participle modifying phrase.

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 11:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 14:35
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries
1.to sell the shellfish year-round--modifier modifying this action --taking advantage of off-season demand,
2.standardize its sizes and colors, and
3.to predict sales volume in advance.

Clearly sentence structure 2 is not a parallel entity in the list..and it is the only error here..

to standardize is the required change..B it is
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 16:35
leeye84 wrote:
126. As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters will enable fisheries to sell the shellfish year-round, taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize its sizes and colors, and to predict sales volume in advance.

(A) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardize
(B) taking advantage of off-season demand, to standardize
(C) taking advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(D) take advantage of off-season demand, standardizing
(E) take advantage of off-season demand, to standardize

The question obviously tests for parallelism. Please explain.

To standardize is a must, only B and E left.
Taking is more accurate. My answer is B too
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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2015, 12:06
For parallelism to hold good....B

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2016, 22:08
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: As envisioned by researchers, commercial farming of lobsters   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2016, 22:08
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