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# As exit polls are used to project the winners of an

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As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 12:13
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As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election, sometimes appearing before all the polling stations are closed, this results in their premature release influencing voters to change their ballot.

(A) As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election, sometimes appearing before all the polling stations are closed, this results in their premature release influencing
(B) Exit polls, used for projecting an election's winners and sometimes appearing before polling stations are closed, result in their premature release influencing
(C) Used to project the winners of an election, exit polls sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed with the result that their premature release influences
(D) Exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influences
(E) As exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influences
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 26 Jun 2013, 23:39, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 12:27
I was torn between C and D, but chose D. because I don't like "with the result that"

I can see how it changes the meaning slightly in D... implying that "Exit polls used to determine..." specifically are the ones that can mess things up... but I didn't think that that change of meaning was significant.

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 12:33
dave785 wrote:
I was torn between C and D, but chose D. because I don't like "with the result that"

I also didn't like 'with the result that', but how did you use that to distinguish between C and D? They both use it!

I'm still not fully clear on why C > D, but I think it has something to do with the subject of 'their' being ambiguous in the latter.

Perhaps someone can better clarify.
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 12:48
This question is tough. I guess technically the appositive is better but they're both grammatically correct unless I'm missing something...

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 13:11
I picked C over D because I thought D changed the meaning.

Please correct me if I am wrong. Below is my understanding.

C mentions that "Exit Polls that sometimes appear before polling stations are closed" where as D mentions that "All exit polls are closed"
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 14:25
I picked C over D because I thought D changed the meaning.

Please correct me if I am wrong. Below is my understanding.

C mentions that "Exit Polls that sometimes appear before polling stations are closed" where as D mentions that "All exit polls are closed"

The 'are closed' refers to the polling stations in either case.
It is not the exit polls that are closed - the point is that because poll results may be released before stations are closed, some people's votes may be swayed by these polls, and change their vote.
Exit polls closing doesn't really make sense.

You still got the question right though! Nice
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 18:59
Matt,

you are abs right....exit polls appear before polling stations are closed...Hope I am lucky even in the exam

Dont u think "that" is necessary in OPtion D.

"Exit polls that are used to"
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 19:43
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Matt,

you are abs right....exit polls appear before polling stations are closed...Hope I am lucky even in the exam

Dont u think "that" is necessary in OPtion D.

"Exit polls that are used to"

This is a very tricky concept. Deciding on the inclusion of 'that' generally needs to be done on a case by case basis.

In this case, the sentence is clear without the use of the word 'that'.

http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/omitting-that.aspx has a very good explanation.

If you don't want to trudge though that whole article, this is essentially the point:

If you're not sure, just put it in. If you're quite fluent in the language, listen to what sounds better in your ear.

In most cases, it's a stylistic issue, and not a grammatical one.

So with the GMAT in mind, if you think you've chosen the best answer, don't fail to pick that answer and move on just because of this concept.

Good Luck
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 23:38
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mattce wrote:
As exit polls are used to project the winners of an election, sometimes appearing before all the polling stations are closed, this results in their premature release influencing voters to change their ballot.

(A) Same
(B) Exit polls, used for projecting an election's winners and sometimes appearing before polling stations are closed, result in their premature release influencing
(C) Used to project the winners of an election, exit polls sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed with the result that their premature release influences
(D) Exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influences
(E) As exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influences

hi,

IMO C
..see the error which i can see in option D is the modifier error:
Exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influences===>the meaning here is winners are appearing before polling stations are closed ,but the actual intended meaning is exit polls appear before pollling......hence wrong

thats true even i thought that with the result that adds to wordiness...but before coming to eliminate on the basis of wordiness we should make sure..all the meaning error/modifier error/grammar error are rectified.

please go to through the following article that how GMAC distorts meaning:
5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 20:44
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This appears to an Economist question. Here are their explanations for the answers choices.

A. This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. Using two reason conjunctions / phrases (as and this results in) to express the relation between two parts of a sentence is redundant. Only one should be used:

As [exit polls are used to project, sometimes appearing before stations are closed,] [their premature release influences voters]

B. This answer choice is illogical. Changing the conjugated verb are used into a modifier (used for ...) turns Exit polls into the subject of the verb result. This creates an illogical sentence:

Exit polls, ... , result in their (own?) premature release ...

It is the circumstance of appearing early that has a result, not the exit polls themselves.

C. This answer choice corrects the original redundancy by removing the reason conjunction As at the beginning of the sentence, keeping only one reason phrase (with the result).

D.This answer choice is illogical. Changing the conjugated verb are used into a modifier (used to ...) turns Exit polls into the subject of the verb result. This creates an illogical sentence:

Exit polls, ... , sometimes (a) appear ... and (b) result in their (own?) premature release ...
It is the circumstance of appearing early that has a result, not the exit polls themselves.

E. This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. This answer choice is comprised of two clauses connected by the conjunction As:

As [Jane is a doctor], [she could help the boy] [Jane could help the boy], as [she is a doctor].

However, by changing this results to with the result, the second clause becomes a fragment, lacking both a subject (previously this) and a conjugated verb (previously results): As [Exit polls .... appear] , [ with the result that ...]

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 18:35
I eliminated D, because it is an independent clause and it does not end in a ".", or is it separated by a conjunction or a ";".

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 22:42
To me D is wrong because it refers to a particular kind of exit poll - one that is used to project an election's winner - whereas C refers to exit polls in general and provides the additional information (in the introductory modifying phrase) that all exit polls are used to project an election's winner.

The following two sentences should make it clear:

1) The racquets used for playing squash are made of fiber. (particular kind of racquets)

2) Used for playing squash, racquets are made of fiber. (all racquets in general)
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 02:59
C IMO.

(C) Used to project the winners of an election, exit polls sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed with the result that their premature release influencesCorrectly places the modifier before the noun "exit polls"
(D) Exit polls used to project an election's winner sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed, with the result that their premature release influencesIntended meaning is wrong here. This choice says that the exit polls used to project an election's winner - a clear distortion.

Hope that helps.
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2014, 23:32
Option C is best:
(C) Used to project the winners of an election, exit polls sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed with the result that their premature release influences voters to change their ballot.

But there are two their one is refereeing to exit polls and another to voters such construction I think is not legit.
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2014, 09:04
TooLong150 wrote:
I eliminated D, because it is an independent clause and it does not end in a ".", or is it separated by a conjunction or a ";".

What do you mean exactly? Could you please elaborate a bit more?

Thanks
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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2016, 07:06
C: should there not be a punctuation mark after closed and before with?

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2017, 23:48
PiyushK wrote:
Option C is best:
(C) Used to project the winners of an election, exit polls sometimes appear before all the polling stations are closed with the result that their premature release influences voters to change their ballot.

But there are two their one is refereeing to exit polls and another to voters such construction I think is not legit.

I don't think that there is any ambiguity over the use of their in the sentences as the first their clearly referring to the exit polls cause voters can't release themselves prematurely.

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Re: As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 00:33
Hi chetan2u,

IMO, in D the modifier "used to.." is quite clear and there seems to be no ambiguity. Can you please explain why C is preferred over D

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As exit polls are used to project the winners of an [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2017, 00:30
rahulkashyap wrote:
Hi chetan2u,

IMO, in D the modifier "used to.." is quite clear and there seems to be no ambiguity. Can you please explain why C is preferred over D

C is preferred over D because of following reasons:

1. in D, the sentence means multiple exit polls are used to project one winner while the original sentence says exit polls for winners. So, there is ambiguity in D while the original meaning is maintained in C.
2. An Election's Winner vs Winner of an election --> Remember, GMAT prefers the latter unless we don't have any option to select the former.

Hence, though close contenders, C is preferred over D.
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