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# As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's

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As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 04:28
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Question Stats:

32% (01:08) correct 68% (01:20) wrong based on 88 sessions

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As one who has always believed that truth is our nation’s surest weapon in the propaganda war against our foes, I am distressed by reports of “disinformation” campaigns by American intelligence agents in Western Europe. In a disinformation campaign, untruths are disseminated through gullible local journalists in order to damage the interests of our enemies and protect our own. Those who defend this practice say that lying is necessary to counter Soviet disinformation campaigns aimed at damaging America’s political interests. These apologists contend that one must fight fire with fire. I would point out to the apologists that the fire department finds water more effective.

The author of the passage above bases his conclusion on which of the following?

(A) A circular definition of “disinformation”
(B) An example of the ineffectiveness of lying as a weapon in the propaganda war
(C) An analogy between truth and water
(D) An appeal to the authority of the fire department
(E) An attack on the character of American intelligence agents in Western Europe

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA will be posted shortly.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 04:49
IMO B.

A) A circular definition of “disinformation” - No circular definition is mentioned. In fact there is no attempt in the extract to "define" disinformation.
(B) An example of the ineffectiveness of lying as a weapon in the propaganda war -Yep. It basically says 'an eye for an eye' is not the correct solution. Fire dept. doesn't fight fire with fir rather with water.
(C) An analogy between truth and water - Nope.
(D) An appeal to the authority of the fire department - Out of scope/Not mentioned
(E) An attack on the character of American intelligence agents in Western Europe - Out of scope/Not mentioned

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 05:09
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vibhaj wrote:
As one who has always believed that truth is our nation’s surest weapon in the propaganda war against our foes, I am distressed by reports of “disinformation” campaigns by American intelligence agents in Western Europe. In a disinformation campaign, untruths are disseminated through gullible local journalists in order to damage the interests of our enemies and protect our own. Those who defend this practice say that lying is necessary to counter Soviet disinformation campaigns aimed at damaging America’s political interests. These apologists contend that one must fight fire with fire. I would point out to the apologists that the fire department finds water more effective.
10. The author of the passage above bases his conclusion on which of the following?
(A) A circular definition of “disinformation”
(B) An example of the ineffectiveness of lying as a weapon in the propaganda war
(C) An analogy between truth and water
(D) An appeal to the authority of the fire department
(E) An attack on the character of American intelligence agents in Western Europe

OA will be posted shortly.

IMO C

I eliminated A because I do not see any circular definition there, D because it is not only the fire department which uses water against fire, and E because it is off topic.

Then between B and C, I have eliminated B because there is no example in the extract.

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 05:33
On reading the Qn again, I think it is C only. B is almost the conclusion itself, not the base of the conclusion.

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 07:12
C is the OA. Thanks for your explanation.

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2011, 22:51
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2011, 11:00
C

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As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2011, 18:09
As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's surest weapon in the propaganda war against our foes, I am distressed by reports of "disinformation" campaigns by American intelligence agents in Western Europe. In a disinformation campaign, untruths are disseminated through gullible local journalists in order to damage the interests of our enemies and protect our own. Those who defend this practice say that lying is necessary to counter Soviet disinformation campaigns aimed at damaging America's political interests. These apologists contend that one must fight fire with fire. I would point out to the apologists that the fire department finds water more effective.

The author's main point is that

(A) although disinformation campaigns may be effective, they are unacceptable on ethical grounds
(B) America's moral standing in the world depends on its adherence to the truth
(C) the temporary political gains produced by disinformation campaigns generally give way to long-term losses
(D) Soviet disinformation campaigns have done little to damage America's standing in Europe
(E) disinformation campaigns do not effectively serve the political interests of the United States

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 02:06
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01:45 sec for choice E

Those who defend this practice say that lying is necessary to counter Soviet disinformation campaigns aimed at damaging America's political interests. These apologists contend that one must fight fire with fire. I would point out to the apologists that the fire department finds water more effective. => (E) disinformation campaigns do not effectively serve the political interests of the United States
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 02:25
E

Author states his/her main point at the starting of the paragraph.

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 14:18
I went with E as well.
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2011, 02:09
+1 for E

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2011, 18:46
tuanquang269 wrote:
01:45 sec for choice E

Those who defend this practice say that lying is necessary to counter Soviet disinformation campaigns aimed at damaging America's political interests. These apologists contend that one must fight fire with fire. I would point out to the apologists that the fire department finds water more effective. => (E) disinformation campaigns do not effectively serve the political interests of the United States

thanks for the ex-now i get it

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 12:33
E

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation's [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2012, 12:54
Very nice question. Spent entire two minutes figuring this out. Got to E.
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2012, 23:58
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I came across this today.
B is out because - the author never said lying is ineffective. He just said that truth is better than lying and both are effective.
C is the viable option.
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 19:33
The conclusion of the author is based on the fact that eye for an eye is not the solution. he cited his conclusion with help of Fire department example. So the correct answer is C.

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2012, 09:13

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 11:48
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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s [#permalink]

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28 May 2015, 02:27
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: As one who has always believed that truth is our nation s   [#permalink] 28 May 2015, 02:27

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