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# As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2

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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 20:54
fanatico wrote:
OG16 SC133
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

Meaning of the sentence: Production is expected to almost double and this would provide energy
In options A and E, usage of which illogically conveys the meaning that years would provide the energy.

In options B, C and D, we need to check for parallelism.
We can negate B because of two reasons: 1) incorrect parallelism between account and providing and 2) almost expected distorts the meaning
Coming to C, what will almost double?

Hence Correct Option: D
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 10:27
fanatico wrote:
OG16 SC133
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
production is almost expected! productions is NOT QUITE/VERY NEARLY expected. so the meaning is wrong because of the position of almost.

B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
same as A.

C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
production is expected THAT - wrong meaning. we need to here because you want to say production is expected to increase. if you say production is expected THAT increase then it really awkward and gramatically wrong.

D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2016, 23:23
dear experts,
I still did not get C ,that's how I read C

1/almost modifies verb double, so it should be as close to double as possible, only C is most close.
2/it in C refers to production, IMO, it is correct
3/ that clause is further describe what expect, seems ok
4/ the purpose of increase is to provide enough
moreover, OE for C is that :
The phrase production is expected that it will . . . makes no sense
I am confused, why no sense?
thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2016, 09:09
zoezhuyan wrote:
dear experts,
I still did not get C ,that's how I read C

1/almost modifies verb double, so it should be as close to double as possible, only C is most close.
2/it in C refers to production, IMO, it is correct
3/ that clause is further describe what expect, seems ok
4/ the purpose of increase is to provide enough
moreover, OE for C is that :
The phrase production is expected that it will . . . makes no sense
I am confused, why no sense?
thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

C is changing the meaning of the sentence.

Also, "Production is expected that it will " is awkward.

"Production is expected almost to double." Very Clear meaning.

Try substituting C and D in the original sentence, you will realize the change in the meaning.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2016, 21:47
abhimahna wrote:
zoezhuyan wrote:
dear experts,
I still did not get C ,that's how I read C

1/almost modifies verb double, so it should be as close to double as possible, only C is most close.
2/it in C refers to production, IMO, it is correct
3/ that clause is further describe what expect, seems ok
4/ the purpose of increase is to provide enough
moreover, OE for C is that :
The phrase production is expected that it will . . . makes no sense
I am confused, why no sense?
thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

C is changing the meaning of the sentence.

Also, "Production is expected that it will " is awkward.

"Production is expected almost to double." Very Clear meaning.

Try substituting C and D in the original sentence, you will realize the change in the meaning.

thanks abhimahna,

I am afraid I still did not get it
appreciate if point out my fault.

thanks a lot
have a nice day

>_~
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2017, 03:21
zoezhuyan wrote:
thanks abhimahna,

I am afraid I still did not get it
appreciate if point out my fault.

thanks a lot
have a nice day

>_~

Sorry, I missed your post. Looks like I was never notified for this post.

Ok. So, Let me explain you why C is wrong.

As per the original sentence, meaning is Production is expected to double and this will be helpful to provide electricity to various households.

But in C, the meaning says, production will double so that it could provide enough electricity to various households.

So, did you notice something different in C? That's the reason we rejected C.

Notice that we may have answer choices that sound weird to our ears but they are the BEST options as they maintain the original meaning of the sentence. C is correct grammatically but it changes the meaning, hence INCORRECT on GMAT. I hope it is clear now.

seanick wrote:
abhimahna, shouldn't it be expected to almost double instead of expected almost to double. I picked C because it avoided this awkwardness. Granted that expected that it will is awkward, too. I picked the one that sounded less awkward to me.

I marked D is the answer as it is the only option that maintains the original meaning and though sounds weird, is grammatically correct.

HiLine wrote:
Crazy. I thought you'd have to say "expected to almost double". I have never heard of "almost to double". Why would "almost" be placed before "to"?

Here is the official explanation I found for D.

(D) Correct. Both “almost to double” and “to almost double” convey the same meaning and are fine. This option uses the former construction. Besides, “to provide” after “and” is parallel to “to double” before “and”. The sentence logically conveys that the production is expected to provide almost enough electricity.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2017, 12:14
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but
production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for
1.3 million households.

A. almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide
Placement of adjective “almost” is leading to a change in the meaning.
Intended meaning to say that the production is expected almost to double.. However, this sentence says that “the expectation is almost”
Also, the modifier clause “which …” illogically modifies “year” whereas the intended meaning is “the doubling of production would provide enough electricity …”

B. almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing
Same misplaced “almost” error
Also the usage of “that it will” is redundant

C. expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
The usage of “that it will” is redundant

D. expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide
Correct option

E. expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
the modifier clause “which …” illogically modifies “year” whereas the intended meaning is “the doubling of production would provide enough electricity …”
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2017, 04:30
Hello GMATNinja, daagh and other experts,

In option D, when we are considering parallelism, do we ignore "almost" and "thus" in the list? I eliminated D because I thought parallelism cannot fit here. The two things is the list are

1. Production is expected almost to double by the end of the year
2. Production is expected almost thus to provide enough electricity.....

I repeated "almost" because the first list started after "almost"

the #2 in the list doesn't make any sense at all. But upon reading other replies on this thread I found that others have ignored "almost" and "thus" . So do we need to exclude "adverbs" (I am assuming they are adverbs, i can't think of anything else:-( ) when we check for parallelism?

Please throw some light on this
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2018, 01:18
Hi,

I understand why the modifier error in A is wrong but I still don't understand the "almost expected" vs "expected almost" difference conceptually. In everyday language, these phrases are often used interchangeably.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2018, 21:29
bpdulog wrote:
Hi,

I understand why the modifier error in A is wrong but I still don't understand the "almost expected" vs "expected almost" difference conceptually. In everyday language, these phrases are often used interchangeably.

This difference lies in the overall meaning of the sentence. "Expected almost to double" here means the production is "approximately" expected to jump by the factor of 2, maybe by a factor of 1.8 or 1.9 or some other factor. So, "almost" signifies approximation or round off to the nearest interger. The meaning holds the key. First understand what is the author trying to say.
So, almost should modify "double" and not "expected".
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2019, 00:30

My doubt is that in the original sentence as well as in the correct choice 'D' there's an expectation of production doubling and with an expectation comes uncertainty. Therefore shouldn't the correct answer choice need to have the conditional 'would' in it.
As in, 'would' provide enough electricity for 1.3 mn households.

Thanks
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2019, 05:29
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

When we take option D, can we understand the meaning as :

production will double by the end of year and thus production will provide electricity for .......

seeing the parallelism involved here with the repetition of "to" ? This meaning does not make much sense.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2019, 10:11
Hi,
Just want to get some clarity on my understanding?

"Production is expected" ..In what form "expected" has been used?

is + Past participle?
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As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 15 Oct 2019, 18:31
Dear EMPOWERgmatVerbal
As for option (B): "almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing," may I ask whether the word "thus" is redundant? As the V-ing "providing..." modifies the preceding clause and implies consequence, there is no need to have "thus" before "providing".
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Originally posted by Tracy95 on 11 Oct 2019, 02:11.
Last edited by Tracy95 on 15 Oct 2019, 18:31, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2019, 07:22
ankitrenee wrote:
Hi,
Just want to get some clarity on my understanding?

"Production is expected" ..In what form "expected" has been used?

is + Past participle?

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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2019, 10:09
generis GMATNinja

Maybe I am too picky, but while I totally agree that (D) is the best option, I have some concerns about the meaning... Let me explain why.

The production is expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide. The parallelism is correct, my concern is about the placement of almost

Would it be logical to say the production is expected almost to provide? This makes little sense to me... The production either provides or not. IMO, the sentence would have been much clearer if it said

The production is expected to almost double by the end of the year and thus to provide.

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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2020, 12:40
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide

This lacks logical meaning. The production is not "almost," expected to do something. It is expected to "almost," double. Not the intended meaning. Incorrect.

(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing

Same issue as answer choice A. Incorrect.

(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide

The pronoun "it" for the antecedent "production" is wrong. This sentence says that "production is expected that production will double," which doesn't make any sense. Fix this sentence by replacing "that it will" with "to." Incorrect.

(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

This is correct. This choice is properly parallel, with two adverbial phrases "almost to double" and "thus to provide" being properly parallel.

(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

This is wrong on two fronts. "Which" modifiers modify nouns, so this sentence is illogically saying that the year would be providing electricity. Additionally, there is a parallelism issue here. The production is "expected to double" and "would be providing." These are not parallel. Incorrect.
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2020, 21:59
[quote="fanatico"]As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide

(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing

(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide (Meaning it will double to provide)

(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2020, 05:02
pqhai wrote:

b)almost expected that it would double by the end of the year,thus providing
Wrong. "it" is redundant because "it" refers to production --> the sentence becomes: "production is expected that production would double....." <-- we don't need the second "production".

c)expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide
Wrong. Same as B. "it" is redundant.
s.

Hi Sir,
Why the "it" is considered as redundant here?

He told me that he loves travelling, If we drop the second pronoun "he" it would be like. He told me that loves travelling
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Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2020, 20:57
chetan2u wrote:
RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

Can you please explain why C is wrong...??

Hi,
i'll just replace the underlined portion with C and lets test the choice then

As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households

The usage of that after expected requires a subject and production cannot be the subject for it..
production is expected that it will almost double by the end of the year.. THIS DOES NOT MAKE SENSE

If I write :-
It is expected that production will almost double by the end of the year... would be ok if there is an antecedent for "it"..
but than "to provide" is to parallel with ''expected almost to double ", which requires a different construction ..

so two ways to speak is..
production is expected to double..
OR it is expected that the production will double

So the option D states "expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide"
I want to know if "expected almost to double by the end of the year, providing" will also be a right version of this sentence?

Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2020, 20:57

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