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# As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2

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Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2018
Posts: 19
GMAT 1: 460 Q42 V12
GPA: 3.61
WE: Investment Banking (Investment Banking)
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2020, 11:06
fanatico wrote:
As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts nationwide, but production is almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households.

(A) almost expected to double by the end of the year, which would provide

(B) almost expected that it will double by the end of the year, thus providing

(C) expected that it will almost double by the end of the year to provide

(D) expected almost to double by the end of the year and thus to provide

(E) expected almost to double by the end of the year, which would thus be providing

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 798

Windmills now account for only about 2,500 megawatts of generating capacity nationwide, but production is expected almost to double by the end of 2001 to provide enough electricity for 1.3 million households. The industry anticipates that in two decades wind power will grow to 100,000 megawatts and account for 6 percent of the country's electricity.

Megawatt Windmills

(A) Meaning / Modifier (almost); Modifier (which)

(B) Meaning / Modifier (almost); Meaning / Idiom (expected that)

(C) Meaning / Idiom (expected that)

(D) CORRECT

(E) Modifier (which)

First glance

Two choices begin with almost expected and two others begin with expected almost. Check the meaning of the sentence to see where the modifier almost should be placed.

Issues

(1) Meaning / Modifier: almost

Meaning / Idiom: expected that

The original sentence says that production is almost expected to double. In this construction, almost modifies the word expected. This meaning is illogical—there either is an expectation or there is not an expectation.

Choices (D) and (E) offer a more clear meaning: production is expected almost to double. In this case, almost modifies to double, and this meaning is logical. Production will almost double but not quite. Eliminate choices (A) and (B) for faulty meaning based on the placement of almost.

While dealing with the almost issue, you might spot another meaning issue.

(A), (D), (E) production is … expected to double

(B), (C) production is … expected that it will double

It is possible to use both of these constructions, but they have different meanings. For example, it is acceptable to say It is expected that she will work hard. It is also acceptable to say Her hard work is expected to result in a promotion. In the latter case, the sentence is conveying a cause-effect relationship: Her hard work will lead to a promotion. When this is the intended meaning, use the structure X is expected to (lead to Y). Answers (A), (D), and (E) properly use this structure to convey a cause-effect relationship. Eliminate choices (B) and (C).

(2) Modifier: which

The original sentence has a comma-which modifier. These modifiers should refer to the main noun before the comma.

In this case, that noun is year or end of the year, but neither one makes sense. Logically, the entire action (the fact that production is expected to double) will result in enough electricity for the 1.3 million households—but a comma-which modifier is supposed to refer to a noun, not an entire clause. Eliminate (A) and (E).

Correct answer (D) conveys correct meaning (expected almost to double) and avoids the which error by changing that portion of the sentence entirely.

Rhetorical construction; Idiom

The intended meaning of the sentence seems to be that the electricity production of windmills is expected to approximately double by year's end. But instead of saying almost double, we have almost expected, which is an unclear idea. Also unclear is what the relative pronoun which refers to.

(A) The placement of almost makes it nonsensically modify is expected. What the relative pronoun which refers to is ambiguous: for example, does it refer to the expectation, the possible doubling, or the year?

(B) The resulting sentence misplaces the adverb almost.

(C) The phrase production is expected that it will . . . makes no sense—as opposed to, for example, it is expected that production will. . . .

(D) Correct. This sentence clearly conveys the expectations of production: almost to double and thus to provide. There is no ambiguity as to what will be providing enough electricity.

(E) The referent of the relative pronoun which is ambiguous, and the conditional verb form would thus be providing is unnecessarily wordy.

Hi,
Can anyone tell me whether the usage of THUS in option B is correct or not?
Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2020
Posts: 1
Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2020, 02:01
The sentence says that windmills, as sources of electricity, currently account for only around 2,500 megawatts in the country. The statement then presents a contrast using “but”. Let’s focus on the part after “but”.
Re: As sources of electrical power, windmills now account for only about 2   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2020, 02:01

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