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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income

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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 04:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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New post 06 Aug 2016, 04:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 01:02
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140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Let’s revisit this thread from the meaning point of view. Choice A, C, D and E are all grammatically correct; Only B is a run-on.
The point here is that, since the middle-income group has to shell out a hell of a lot of money on rentals, they don’t have enough for the up-front payment to buy a house. In other words, high rents are the reason of their inability. One can see a thread of causation here and per se, we need to bring in a transitional conjunction such as 'for' or 'because, into the picture to draft the high rentals. ‘And’ in A is a mere same direction affirmative conjunction and is out. ‘Yet’ in C and ‘however’ in D introduce an unwarranted contrast; only E seeks to justify the causation by putting up the required causative conjunction ‘for’.

I cannot see how C could be good enough to merit the OA. It is evident from the serial No 140 that the question is from the not so authentic 1000 series; may be the reason for the wrong OA.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2016, 05:24
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?

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New post 31 Dec 2016, 23:23
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Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?


However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.

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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2016, 23:46
I am yet to understand why C is makes more sense than B. that's why I choose B.
C introducing contrast which is not required in the sentence. As the underlined statement is just a extension of the first sentence. Hence, FURTHERMORE will be more appropriate than YET.
When I go deep into the meaning. I feel SINCE is making the statement incorrect. Because of may be C is the right choice..

Please clarify.

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New post 01 Jan 2017, 00:48
prashantrchawla wrote:
I am yet to understand why C is makes more sense than B. that's why I choose B.
C introducing contrast which is not required in the sentence. As the underlined statement is just a extension of the first sentence. Hence, FURTHERMORE will be more appropriate than YET.
When I go deep into the meaning. I feel SINCE is making the statement incorrect. Because of may be C is the right choice..

Please clarify.


Option B is grammatically wrong. Please see the explanation just above your post:

as-the-housing-affordability-gap-widens-middle-income-84380-20.html#p1783201

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 20:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?


However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.


Hi sayantanc2k

Can you elaborate on the usage of As at the beginning of this sentence (does As mean because? and does As function as a coordinating conjunction?) and the usage of two coordinating conjunctions for and yet in two adjacent clauses in C?

fluke said in his post that "In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date". Is fluke's reasoning right?

Many thanks!
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New post 16 Apr 2017, 11:30
leanhdung wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Gomze wrote:
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?


However, therefore, furthermore etc. are not true conjunctions and are called conjunctive adverbs - comma + conjunctive adverb cannot join two independent clauses as co-coordinating conjunctions (e.g. and, but, yet, so etc.) do. A semicolon is required in case of conjunctive adverbs.

He studied hard, so he scored high... correct
He studied hard, therefore he scored high... wrong (run-on sentence)
He studied hard; therefore he scored high...correct

"Yet" is a coordinating conjunction, and "furthermore" is a conjunctive adverb. Therefore B is a run-on sentence, but C is alright.


Hi sayantanc2k

Can you elaborate on the usage of As at the beginning of this sentence (does As mean because? and does As function as a coordinating conjunction?) and the usage of two coordinating conjunctions for and yet in two adjacent clauses in C?

fluke said in his post that "In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date". Is fluke's reasoning right?

Many thanks!


1. No, here "as" means "at the same time".
2. No, it is a subordinating conjunction (introduces a dependent clause).
3. I am not sure about your question - by the term "usage" do you like to know which clauses these conjunctions add? Please elaborate your third query.
4. Usage of "since": I have not found anything of this sort in any official guide.

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New post 16 Apr 2017, 16:39
sayantanc2k

I mean: i don't understand why two subordinating conjunctions for and yet appear in two adjacent clauses in C. Can you elaborate?
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New post 16 Apr 2017, 23:15
sayantanc2k wrote:
prashantrchawla wrote:
I am yet to understand why C is makes more sense than B. that's why I choose B.
C introducing contrast which is not required in the sentence. As the underlined statement is just a extension of the first sentence. Hence, FURTHERMORE will be more appropriate than YET.
When I go deep into the meaning. I feel SINCE is making the statement incorrect. Because of may be C is the right choice..

Please clarify.


Option B is grammatically wrong. Please see the explanation just above your post:

http://gmatclub.com/forum/as-the-housin ... l#p1783201




In option C, Is yet used to denote that they don't have money still they need to shell out more - which in a way is a subtle contrast?

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 04:02
i chose B
Can somebody explain why B is a wrong choice
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 08:41
arvind910619 wrote:
i chose B
Can somebody explain why B is a wrong choice

See this. Explained very succinctly
https://gmatclub.com/forum/as-the-housi ... l#p1783201

Although not an absolute bang on red flag, 'since' is mostly used to denote continuity from a certain past time/date in GMAT grammar.

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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income   [#permalink] 17 Apr 2017, 08:41

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