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# As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income

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Manager
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 06:50
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28% (01:00) correct 72% (01:15) wrong based on 760 sessions

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140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 14:04
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gorupruthi wrote:
Why B is incorrect.
Yet in C is making contrast that is not required.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

*since these families can no longer afford to buy homes: In GMAT SC, since is not used to describe causation; since should be followed by time/date
*As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, since these families can no longer afford to buy homes
This is an entire clause. The next independent clause that follows after comma starts with furthermore, which is not a coordinating conjunction. Making the entire sentence a run-on.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit-Independent clause
, for these families can no longer afford to buy homes-Independent clause properly connected with coordinating conjunction "for". "for" here is used as because.

,yet rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing-Again two Independent clauses connected by coordinating conjunction
Also, "contrast" is very much needed.

Firstly, those middle class can't afford to buy homes due to the rising rate of the houses.
And to make matter worse(Yet), they have to pay >25% of the income in rent, this entire sequence of events is resulting in: "leaving(present participle is required to convey the effects of events previously described) them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures."
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 11:22
imo all other except B and C are out.

Can anyone please explain why C is more preferable to B ?

sagarsabnis wrote:
140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

OA is C please any 1 explain
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 11:59
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sagarsabnis wrote:
140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

OA is C please any 1 explain

I think it should be either B or C, cuz we have to explain why they have been hard hit.

When it comes to choosing from B or C, I say it's C, since furthermore doesnt really fit there. I think yet is more proper.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2009, 03:57
for...., Yet..... is the only way to give contasting idea

but its was not easy for me to pick,as things were presented in such a sandwich way.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2009, 14:36
IMO it's E. That's the only choice that makes sense.

OA?
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 00:50
; however, --------> even a conjunction is wrong here since ';' separates independent clauses.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2010, 17:35
for some reason I am not convinced with C because it is not conveying the right meaning. can anyone explain this better.

I like E.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 06:28
B

In C Yet doubtful as its used for contrasting two things. Correct me if m wrong.

thx
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 06:54
"Furthermore" is like "In addition" => adding a point in support of the previous statement.

"Yet" is better in this case.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 13:06
BY POE I came to C and D. At this moment, I do not know why I have to choose answer C over D. They seem equally feasible for me. Any explanations, why D out?
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2010, 13:59
I don't think it is (C) and it can't be .. There are 2 different things 'Owning a house' and 'Renting' it

Now,The sentence says that -- owning a house has been difficult (as families no longer qualify) ____ the rentals have forced them to expend more .

there are 2 things BOTH of which are NEGATIVELY impacting middle-income families so 'yet' cannot be used to fill the blank because 'yet' always presents a contrasting point with respect to one presented before it ( For eg - he was confident enough to take the test yet he got jitters) .

We need a conjuction which STRESSES the second point so that overall the situation for middle-income families STAYS negative.
'Furthermore' connects both the parts properly where it stresses on the gravity of the second point

The correct answer is (B) .

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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2010, 22:45
I think D, can anyone explain what is wrong with D?

As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and -- not correct as "and" is not the correct connecting word
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore -->> need ; before furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet --> C
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however, --> Not sure why this is wrong
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for --> incorrect connecting word
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2010, 05:32
I see people choosing B,C,D &E. Any reason that E is incorrect?
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 06:45
Why B is incorrect.
Yet in C is making contrast that is not required.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 16:30
Please explain why E is incorrect.
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Re: As the housing affordability g  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 01:09
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bidmanager wrote:
Please explain why E is incorrect.

The middle-class people are not able to buy homes because of the increased housing affordability gap, not because they have to pay high rent.

Increased housing affordability gap causes two main things:
1. Make the middle-class less likely to buy homes.
2. And also, make them pay high rents.

In E, the cause and effect are reversed.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income  [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2014, 23:43
sagarsabnis wrote:
140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

"and" is not the right usage in this context. " For" or " since" clarify the meaning. Left with choice B and C. "Yet" is better choice again to emphasize the contradiction in the two sentences.
I go with C
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Updated on: 05 May 2018, 20:20
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140. As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Let’s revisit this thread from the meaning point of view. Choice A, C, D and E are all grammatically correct; Only B is a run-on.
The point here is that, since the middle-income group has to shell out a hell of a lot of money on rentals, they don’t have enough for the up-front payment to buy a house. In other words, high rents are the reason of their inability. One can see a thread of causation here and per se, we need to bring in a transitional conjunction such as 'for' or 'because, into the picture to draft the high rentals. ‘And’ in A is a mere same direction affirmative conjunction and is out. ‘Yet’ in C and ‘however’ in D introduce an unwarranted contrast; only E seeks to justify the causation by putting up the required causative conjunction ‘for’.

I cannot see how C could be good enough to merit the OA. It is evident from the serial No 140 that the question is from the not so authentic 1000 series, perhaps the reason for the wrong OA.
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Originally posted by daagh on 07 Aug 2016, 01:02.
Last edited by daagh on 05 May 2018, 20:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2016, 05:24
I am not sure why C is better than B.Can anybody explain this to me?
Re: As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income &nbs [#permalink] 31 Dec 2016, 05:24

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