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# Assize courts differ from other French courts because they

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Manager
Joined: 29 Mar 2005
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Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Sep 2013, 22:31
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Question Stats:

55% (01:18) correct 45% (01:33) wrong based on 1096 sessions

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Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

Originally posted by ngobaotrung on 15 May 2005, 03:24.
Last edited by fameatop on 12 Sep 2013, 22:31, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 07:32
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ngobaotrung wrote:
Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

Antmavel wrote:
Can someone please explain me why B is wrong ?

we can not say "X differs from Y because" or there is another reason ?

B is wrong because this is'nt a cause- and- effect relationship...because means " literal" cause and effect......

LETS CHECK IT HERE
-- has - " being composed of " caused the difference ? NO !!!!!
It is better to use a qualifier " in that ---- it means " being composed of ......" is the only certain way in which the two courts differ......

JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL BECAUSE JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... WRONG
JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL IN THAT JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... RIGHT

ANS IS "E"........

##### General Discussion
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 06:53
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semwal wrote:
semwal wrote:
ngobaotrung wrote:
Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

Antmavel wrote:
Can someone please explain me why B is wrong ?

we can not say "X differs from Y because" or there is another reason ?

B is wrong because this is'nt a cause- and- effect relationship...because means " literal" cause and effect......

LETS CHECK IT HERE
-- has - " being composed of " caused the difference ? NO !!!!!
It is better to use a qualifier " in that ---- it means " being composed of ......" is the only certain way in which the two courts differ......

JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL BECAUSE JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... WRONG
JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL IN THAT JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... RIGHT

ANS IS "E"........

MAY I REQUEST EXPERTS TO CHECK AND CONFIRM IF ABOVE ASSESSMENT IS CORRECT............THANKS IN ADVANCE.......

whenever i see the word "because" i substitute the word "caused by" in place of "because" and check whether the meaning conveyed is same or if sentence changes the meaning.

By the above rule we can eliminate A,B,C.
Between D and E, composed is better than composition .
Hence E .
Hope this helps .
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2015, 21:19
1
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"And also" is one the many redundancies. This eliminates B and C.

'In that' and 'because' are both correct usages for giving a reason. In fact, A would have been correct had the word 'additionally' not been there. So eliminate A.

D vs E
GMAT prefers verb to nouns. (Of course not at a cost of meaning and diction)

This helps eliminate D

Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally additionally is redundant here
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges and also is redundant
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges and also is redundant
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges verb vs noun - go for the verb if the meaning is not disturbed
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges correct form
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15 May 2005, 03:54
E.

The use of because doesnt seem appropriate. Also D is wrong because it is unnecessarily wordy
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15 May 2005, 11:43
My choice is B,

I didn't go for E because the second clause doesn't clearly show what exactly is the difference. But I may be wrong.

Can anyone explain why 'additionally' in the original is wrong? It sounds weird there, but what't the rule?
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15 May 2005, 11:59
ngobaotrung wrote:
173.Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.

A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

they has no clear antecedent - choose D

but then, "composition is of" is incorrect! will go with E
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18 May 2005, 06:14
Can someone please explain me why B is wrong ?

we can not say "X differs from Y because" or there is another reason ?
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 16:01
I think differ ....... in that is more idiomatic than differ because . I am just guessing btw
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2014, 06:25
semwal wrote:
ngobaotrung wrote:
Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

Antmavel wrote:
Can someone please explain me why B is wrong ?

we can not say "X differs from Y because" or there is another reason ?

B is wrong because this is'nt a cause- and- effect relationship...because means " literal" cause and effect......

LETS CHECK IT HERE
-- has - " being composed of " caused the difference ? NO !!!!!
It is better to use a qualifier " in that ---- it means " being composed of ......" is the only certain way in which the two courts differ......

JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL BECAUSE JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... WRONG
JACK DIFFERS FROM JILL IN THAT JACK IS MORE INTELLIGENT....... RIGHT

ANS IS "E"........

MAY I REQUEST EXPERTS TO CHECK AND CONFIRM IF ABOVE ASSESSMENT IS CORRECT............THANKS IN ADVANCE.......
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 23:16
another reason to eliminate D.
In D their is a possessive pronoun which has no predecessor.
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 09:19
A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges
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Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2016, 22:31
here is the explanation

A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
this is wrong because before coming it is having additionally, as coming is the modifier so here it is modifying additionally
which is wrong .Hence this is wrong

B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
and also in not used together. Incorrect

C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
same reason as B . Incorrect

D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
here they have converted verb to noun, composed to composition , this is not the correct form. Incorrect

E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges
we are left with answer choice E

Please let me know , if I am wrong !
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2017, 08:28
Could anyone explain the options in detail? why 'and also' is redundant?
i was stuck between C and E.

what first 'They" refers to here?

it should refer to the nearest noun right ? since all the options have they, we can ignore it.
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2017, 10:41
brs1cob wrote:
Could anyone explain the options in detail? why 'and also' is redundant?
i was stuck between C and E.

what first 'They" refers to here?

it should refer to the nearest noun right ? since all the options have they, we can ignore it.

"And" implies more than one thing - so does "also". Therefore together the usage is redundant.

No, a pronoun does not necessarily refer to the nearest noun.

If a pronoun that is the subject of a clause has two possible antecedents, one of which is the subject of another clause within the sentence, the pronoun would, by virtue of parallelism, unambiguously refer to the subject antecedent.
Thus "they" refers to "Assize courts".
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2017, 10:47
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Assize courts differ from other French courts because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally coming from either that court or one sitting with nine jurors - ordinary citizens whose names are drawn by lot from the electoral rolls.

A. because they are composed of a presiding judge and two judges additionally
B. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also two other judges
C. because they are composed of a presiding judge and also of two other judges
D. in that their composition is of a presiding judge and two other judges
E. in that they are composed of a presiding judge and two other judges

A, B and C are wrong not for the use of "and also" alone. Primarily they are incorrect due to the wrong use of "because" to describe an extant state through a causal state. "And also" or "and additionally" are at least stylistically unneeded verbiage since the sentence can do even without the "also" or "additionally".

However, we cannot ignore the reference for the word 'they' or 'their that easily because it happens to be there in all the choices. That 'they' may refer to the proximate noun cannot be vouched for since the other contention that a pronoun first refers to the subject rather than an object of a preposition is also strong. This question leaves a lot of ambiguity.
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they  [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2019, 02:15
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Re: Assize courts differ from other French courts because they   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2019, 02:15