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At a certain picnic, each of the guests was served either a

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Location: Tajikistan
Concentration: Finance, Economics
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Re: At a certain picnic, each of the guests was served either a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 21:06
3
St 1 gives us just percentage but no real number. it can be either 6, 60, 180, anything. So not suff.
St 2 gives us the total number of guests but gives no information about the ratio of people served single scoop ice cream to the ratio of people served double scoop ice cream . Not suff
Both statements combined together give us the exact number of people served double scoop ice cream since we have percentage and total number of guests. (C)
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Re: At a certain picnic, each of the guests was served either a  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2018, 12:58
Bunuel wrote:
At a certain picnic, each of the guests was served either a single scoop or a double scoop of ice cream. How many of the guests were served a double scoop of ice cream?

(1) At the picnic, 60 percent of the guests were served a double scoop of ice cream.
(2) A total of 120 scoops of ice cream were served to all the guests at the picnic.

\(5\,G\,\,{\rm{guests}}\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{
\,x\,\,{\rm{guests}}\,\,\,::\,\,{\rm{one}}\,\,{\rm{2 - balls}}\,\,{\rm{ice - cream}}\,\,{\rm{each}} \hfill \cr
\,\left( {5G - x} \right)\,\,{\rm{guests}}\,\,\,::\,\,{\rm{one}}\,\,1{\rm{ - ball}}\,\,{\rm{ice - cream}}\,\,{\rm{each}} \hfill \cr} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,;\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,? = x\,\,\)

\(\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,\,\,{x \over {5G}} = \,{3 \over 5}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,x = 3G\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,G} \right) = \left( {3,1} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\left[ {5G = 5} \right]\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = 3\,\,\, \hfill \cr
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,G} \right) = \left( {6,2} \right)\,\,\,\,\,\left[ {5G = 10} \right]\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = 6\,\, \hfill \cr} \right.\)


\(\left( 2 \right)\,\,x \cdot 2 + \left( {5G - x} \right) \cdot 1 = 120\,\,\,\,\left[ {{\rm{balls}}\,\,{\rm{of}}\,\,{\rm{ice - cream}}} \right]\)

\(\left\{ \matrix{
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,G} \right) = \left( {10,22} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = 10\,\,\, \hfill \cr
\,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,G} \right) = \left( {20,20} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,? = 20\,\, \hfill \cr} \right.\)


\(\left( {1 + 2} \right)\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{
\,x = 3G \hfill \cr
\,x \cdot 2 + \left( {5G - x} \right) \cdot 1 = 120 \hfill \cr} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,G\,\,\,{\rm{unique}}\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,x\,\,\,{\rm{unique}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}{\rm{.}}\)


This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
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Re: At a certain picnic, each of the guests was served either a   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2018, 12:58

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