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At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that

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At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.


(A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available

(B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections

(C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections

(D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available

(E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available

Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 03:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Sep 2018, 20:45, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 04:28
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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Experts / chetan2u / mikemcgarry,

The sentence states that "At the end of 2001" Motion picture industry representative said 2 things-
1) that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online
2) expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

We need "That" after "and" to the sentence parallel. Only D and E left.

Furthermore, the sentence also mentions that they (representatives) "EXPECT" something-->
What do they expect..? that something will take place in future..
Therefore, if the sentence talks about past and we want to show future--> We need to use "WOULD"

So, D should be the answer.
Can you please assist whats wrong in this..?

If I talk about option E, the verbs "expected" and 'became" shows simultaneous actions and so the intended meaning is lost.



Please assist.
Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar



Hi,

The biggest error is the use of the possessive -the increase of piracy.
we can expect piracy to increase BUT expected the increase of piracy is not correct..
So E wins over D immediately


Now the point about became and expected.... they are not parallel...
AS is used as a conjuction here and means at the same time/ while one act is happening..

so it conveys that the rep expected the piracy to increase while high-speed internet connections became more widely available..
herewe are not talking in past about a future event but an ongoing eventwherein the high-speed internet connections are already in use and are being spread
so E is ok in tense too..
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Re: At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 07:44
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Few things to notice:-

1) Representatives said two things- that there were about a million copies and that increase of piracy is expected. A and B are out because 'that' is not present.
2) Sentence must be in past tense (expected and not expect). more and increase are redundant- C is out
3) Reps stated the general principle that with increase in high-speed internet, piracy is expected to increase. For stating a general principle 'would is nit required. D is out.

E is the answer
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New post Updated on: 08 May 2019, 13:53
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Hello Everyone!

This is a great example of a GMAT question that focuses on consistent verb tense! Let's start by looking at the question carefully, and identify any major differences between the options by highlighting them in orange:

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

(A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available
(B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
(C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
(D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available
(E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available

Since we know that this question focuses mainly on verb consistency, here are a couple places we can focus on:

1. expected / expect
2. became available / become available / the wider availability of


To begin, we need to determine when these events take place: in the past, present, or future? Let's look at the entire sentence for clues:

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

This takes place in 2001, which is clearly in the past! So, let's make sure all the verbs in each option reflect that:

(A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available

This is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense "become" instead of the past tense "became." Since this all takes place in the past, it's best to keep all the verbs in some form of past tense!

(B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections

This is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense "expect" for an event that took place in 2001, which is clearly in the past and requires past tense verbs to match!

(C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections

Again, this is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense "expect" to describe a past event!

(D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available

This is INCORRECT because it uses the present tense "become" to describe a past event.

(E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available

This is CORRECT! It uses past tense verbs consistently throughout the sentence to indicate that everything in the sentence occurred in the past!


There you have it - option E is the best choice because it uses consistent verb tenses!


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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 25 Oct 2018, 15:04.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 08 May 2019, 13:53, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 15 Jun 2016, 08:03
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Answers must be (E) , reasons for the same highlighted below...

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said
that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online,
and
that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available
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New post 18 Jul 2016, 12:17
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vishnu440 wrote:
why option D is wrong??
D is correct because :
1. from past the future is represented with would (MGMAT )

2. that they expected increase...they didnt expect piracy...they expected increase and increase of piracy only..

please correct me..


Consider the following sentence:

They expect piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections become more widely available.

If the above statement is used within a statement in past, then each verb moves one step back (present becomes simple past, simple past becomes past perfect, and future becomes conditional).

In the above sentence, the verb "become" is in simple present, and hence when used within a statement in simple past, simple present "become" becomes simple past "became".
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New post 16 Jun 2016, 23:18
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Hi Experts / chetan2u / mikemcgarry,

The sentence states that "At the end of 2001" Motion picture industry representative said 2 things-
1) that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online
2) expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

We need "That" after "and" to the sentence parallel. Only D and E left.

Furthermore, the sentence also mentions that they (representatives) "EXPECT" something-->
What do they expect..? that something will take place in future..
Therefore, if the sentence talks about past and we want to show future--> We need to use "WOULD"

So, D should be the answer.
Can you please assist whats wrong in this..?

If I talk about option E, the verbs "expected" and 'became" shows simultaneous actions and so the intended meaning is lost.

Please assist.
Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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New post 18 Jun 2016, 23:15
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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi chetan2u,

Thanks for your response. As you said-"we are not talking in past about a future event but an ongoing event".

If I talk about the word "expect" means "regard (something) as likely to happen."

expect means which is "likely to happen" not "happening currently".
According to me the usage of word "expect" by itself means that the rep are anticipating that something WILL take place.

I don't understand how did you reach to the point that its an ongoing event.

Can you please assist.

Also what do you mean by "The biggest error is the use of the possessive -the increase of piracy."..?
Can you tell me in simple language.. :roll:

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar


Not idiomatic.

You can say: "I expect global warming to worsen as more greenhouse gasses get released into the atmosphere".
This would be idiomatically incorrect: "I expect global warming to worsen as more greenhouse gasses will get released into the atmosphere."

"An increase in piracy" would be grammatically correct. "The increase of piracy" is not.
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anurag16 wrote:
Hi Experts,

I have one more doubt. I eliminated the choices based on the following reasoning that the sentence should be of form:-

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that One thing, and that Second thing.

or it should be of the form

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that One thing, and expected that another thing.

However, the correct ans seems to be something like:- said that 1 and that they expected 2 which seems to me a bit awkward.
At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available


Your first interpretation is correct. The representatives said 2 things:

1. They said that there were about a million copies.
2. They also said that they expected piracy to increase.

The green highlighted portions are what the representatives said. (The verb "expected" is not parallel to the verb "said").
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New post 29 Jun 2019, 15:10
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D isn't saying "expected of." Rather, it's saying they expected the increase. What increase? The increase of piracy. So the "of" part isn't wrong at all. However, "the increase" implies that there has already been an increase, and they expected it in advance. Compare this to something like "Kim predicted the broad industry downturn that reversed Company X's fortunes in 2012." There was an actual downturn, and when it happened, Kim had already predicted it. For something that has not happened (and may not happen), using the definite article ("the") is not appropriate.

As for "would," this is used either for a hypothetical--"IF x happened, y WOULD happen"--or as the past tense of "will" ("I will go to your party." "Dmitry said he would go to my party.") Let's consider each:

We're dealing with a simple prediction--high-speed connections WILL become more available and so piracy WILL increase--so the hypothetical "would" is not appropriate.

Now to determine if we want the past tense of "will," let's see how we'd say this in present tense:

Motion picture reps say that there are copies online, and that they expect piracy to increase as high-speed connections become more available.

Notice that our modifier ("as . . . available") stays in present tense. Since "as" in this context basically means "while" or "during a time in which," it's not appropriate to say "as connections WILL become more available." For that reason, when we switch the whole sentence to past tense, this modifier switches to past tense, too, and we don't use WOULD.
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abrakadabra21 wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available
B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available
E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available


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shouldn't it be that x and that y
instead of that x, and that y.


Hi! IMO, if 'and' is followed by a complete sentence with its own subject and verb, then it should be preceded by ','.

they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available
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New post 16 Jul 2016, 08:34
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why option D is wrong??
D is correct because :
1. from past the future is represented with would (MGMAT )

2. that they expected increase...they didnt expect piracy...they expected increase and increase of piracy only..

please correct me..
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New post 22 Oct 2016, 05:57
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AbdurRakib wrote:
At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available
B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available
E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available


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Just to add to the explanations that were made here:

One of the key point in this question is to understand how to descibed somthing that someone said:
- Now - Dan:I expect that prices would increase as high-speed Internet becomes more avaliable"
- Future - A person describing what Dan said: " Dan expected that prices would increase as high-speed internet became more available".

Basically we need to take the verbs and bring them past of the tense they are mentioned it.

Another thing to notice is the use of could. Could is used to show some uncertanity (expectation/assumption etc..).
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AbdurRakib wrote:
At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available.

A) online and expected piracy to increase with high-speed Internet connections that become more widely available
B) online and expect the increase of piracy with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
C) online, and they expect more piracy to increase with the wider availability of high-speed Internet connections
D) online, and that they expected the increase of piracy as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available
E) online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available


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I dont understand why D is wrong? as high-speed Internet connections would become more widely available => usage of would seems more appropriate in the context. It's a future thing they are talking about right.
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New post 12 Jan 2017, 07:41
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yybinary wrote:
Hi Experts,

I am wondering why expected cannot be parallel with said, i.e. representatives said... AND expected...

If I wanna express such meaning, how can I rephrase the sentence?

Many thanks!


The verbs "said" and " expected" can be parallel. Option A is wrong because of wrong modifier usage leading to erroneous meaning.
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It's not an absolute rule that ", and" must introduces an independent clause. The GMAT will often throw an extra comma or two into a sentence in an attempt to improve clarity. For instance, see my comments on this one: https://gmatclub.com/forum/covering-71- ... s#p2233836
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New post 02 Jul 2016, 22:54
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Hi Experts,

I have one more doubt. I eliminated the choices based on the following reasoning that the sentence should be of form:-

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that One thing, and that Second thing.

or it should be of the form

At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that One thing, and expected that another thing.

However, the correct ans seems to be something like:- said that 1 and that they expected 2 which seems to me a bit awkward.
At the end of 2001, motion picture industry representatives said that there were about a million copies of Hollywood movies available online, and that they expected piracy to increase as high-speed Internet connections became more widely available
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New post 12 Jan 2017, 07:34
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ankur2710 wrote:
I am bit confused by this comment - Please help clarify which of below 2 sentences is correct

- Now - Dan:I expect that prices will increase as high-speed Internet becomes more avaliable"
- Now - Dan:I expect that prices would increase as high-speed Internet becomes more avaliable"

The overall tense is present - so for a future event, a simple future tense verb 'will' should be correct, right ?

Thanks



The correct usages are as follows:

Statement/ expectation in present: I expect that prices will increase as high-speed Internet becomes more available.
Statement/ expectation in past: I expected that prices would increase as high-speed Internet became more available.

All verbs within the statement / expectation goes on step back along with the main verb (expect / said etc.) of the sentence.
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New post 28 Jun 2017, 05:47
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Is first sentence wrong?

1. I want to say that India is a great country and I love this country .

2. I want to say that India is a great country and that I love this country .
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New post 04 Jul 2018, 08:53
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I have a doubt regarding option E . comma with and ( ,and ) should present an Independent clause . Hpwever in option E , the sentence goes " ,and that they ..... widely available"
Is this to be considered a Independent clause with a relative pronoun "that"
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