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At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a

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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2017, 12:47
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 09:35
mikemcgarry wrote:
betterscore wrote:
At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a composer to assist him-someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish the many pieces he had started but never completed.

(A) someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish
(B) someone who could not only arrange music for his successful big band, but also mirror his eccentric writing style in order to finish
(C) someone who not only could arrange music for his successful big band, but also to mirror his eccentric writing style in finishing
(D) that being someone who could not only arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style for finishing
(E) being someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirror his eccentric writing style as well, finishing


Hi, there. I'm happy to help with this one. :-)

This is OG13 SC #4, a new question that does not appear in OG12.

The BIG IDEA of this question is the "not only .... but also" idiom. The "not only" phrase appears in all five answer choices, and on the GMAT, every "not only" has to be followed by a "but only."

Right away, that eliminates (A) & (D) & (E), leaving only (B) and (C).

Now we have to look at parallelism, because in the construction "not only X but also Y", X and Y must be in parallel.

In (B) we have
= could not only arrange music
= but also mirror
verb "arrange" correctly parallel with verb "mirror"

In (C) we have
= not only could arrange music
= but also to mirror
One is a verb and the other is an infinitive, so this is a failure of parallelism. Also, notice the common word "could" either needs to be totally outside ---- "could not only X but also Y" --- or it need to appear in both terms ---- "not only could X but also could Y". See this blog for more on that mistake:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/common-par ... orrection/

For a variety of reasons, (C) is incorrect, so we are left with (B) as the best answer.

Does all this make sense? Please let me know if you have any further questions.

Mike :-)



Hello Mike

If a sentence has "but also" then is it necessary that it should also have "not only" before it?
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 14:11
Shiv2016 wrote:
Hello Mike

If a sentence has "but also" then is it necessary that it should also have "not only" before it?

Dear Shiv2016,,

I'm happy to respond, my friend. :-)

In the big broad world of the English language, no, absolutely not. We certainly could have have "but also" without any "not" statement before it.
Albert Schweitzer was a medical doctor but also a scholar of classical music.

That's what's true in the big broad world of English. Now, in the somewhat more limited scope of the GMAT, could you see something such as this? Yes, it is fair game. The "not only . . . but also" is a common parallel marker, but we can't become too attached, in a dogmatic way, to this exact formulation. Multiple variations exist within perfectly accepted English.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 22:26
mikemcgarry wrote:
Shiv2016 wrote:
Hello Mike

If a sentence has "but also" then is it necessary that it should also have "not only" before it?

Dear Shiv2016,,

I'm happy to respond, my friend. :-)

In the big broad world of the English language, no, absolutely not. We certainly could have have "but also" without any "not" statement before it.
Albert Schweitzer was a medical doctor but also a scholar of classical music.

That's what's true in the big broad world of English. Now, in the somewhat more limited scope of the GMAT, could you see something such as this? Yes, it is fair game. The "not only . . . but also" is a common parallel marker, but we can't become too attached, in a dogmatic way, to this exact formulation. Multiple variations exist within perfectly accepted English.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)



Thanks for your reply. :)

Are there any official questions that use such construction?
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 08:41
Shiv2016 wrote:
Thanks for your reply. :)

Are there any official questions that use such construction?

Dear Shiv2016,

My friend, I'm happy to respond. :-) Of course, I don't have the entire corpus of official GMAT questions memorized, but don't remember ever seeing the "but also" without the "not only" in an official question. I believe I have seen some variants, such as dropping the word "also," in some official questions, although I cannot locate one at the moment.

I hope that's helpful.

Mike :-)
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2017, 08:45
mikemcgarry wrote:
Shiv2016 wrote:
Thanks for your reply. :)

Are there any official questions that use such construction?

Dear Shiv2016,

My friend, I'm happy to respond. :-) Of course, I don't have the entire corpus of official GMAT questions memorized, but don't remember ever seeing the "but also" without the "not only" in an official question. I believe I have seen some variants, such as dropping the word "also," in some official questions, although I cannot locate one at the moment.

I hope that's helpful.

Mike :-)


No problem Mike. Thank you for your reply.
If I come across such a question, then I will post it here.
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 13:25
This question is a good candidate for parallelism.

Here, the structure should be Not only X...., but also Y

Only B uses it correctly, rest all the options are having parallelism issues because of verbs "arrange" and "mirror"

Hence, B
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 22:34
Please explain the effect of being in choice D and E
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 04:03
"B" is the correct choice: not only, but also usage is correct.

A - not only, ... but also should be there
C - not only could.... but also to (preposition) usage is incorrect (not parallel)
"D" and "E" avoid because of "being" usage
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2018, 20:16
At the end of the 1930's, Duke Ellington was looking for a composer to assist him-someone not only who could arrange music for his successful band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish the many pieces he had started but never completed.

A someone not only who could arrange music for his successful band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style as well in order to finish - parallelism issue - “Not only who…” is not parallel to “but mirroring… ”,
B someone who could not only arrange music for his successful band, but also mirror his eccentric writing style in order to finish - Correct
C someone who not only could arrange music for his successful band, but also to mirror his eccentric style in writing - parallelism issue
D that being someone who could not only arrange music for his successful big band, but mirroring his eccentric writing style for finishing - parallelism issue
E being someone not only who could arrange music for his successful big band, but mirror his eccentric writing style as well, finishing - parallelism issue

Answer B
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Re: At the end of the 1930s, Duke Ellington was looking for a   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2018, 20:16

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