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At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence

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At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence experienced significant developments. Since then, various inventions have been created including a computer program that can defeat the world's best chess player. Scientists then unsuccessfully attempted to use the algorithms based on this program to create machines that could perform basic human operations.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?

A. Apart from being better at chess, so far machines have not been able to surmount humans at performing complex tasks.
B. To a scientist, inventing a machine that folds laundry is more challenging than inventing one that can defeat the world's best chess player.
C. Scientists in the field of artificial intelligence attempt to invent machines that can mimic the thought patterns of humans.
D. The field of artificial intelligence is experiencing a halt in its progression.
E. Difficulties may arise when problem-solving techniques that are specific to one type of task are applied to another.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2015, 22:48
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narrowed down to A & E... choose the wrong1...i think both gives conclusions.
A- a premise specific conclusion
E- a generalized conlusion

which 1 to go for?
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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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Conclusions have to emanate exactly as an outcome of the premises. In other words, the conclusion should explain the purpose of the premises. Please note the words ‘unsuccessfully’ and ‘this program’, which refers to the Chess event. Computer programs are issue- specific and not universal. That is why they do not succeed in any other attempt. E is the best statement as a conclusion
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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2015, 21:10
I believe A can not be the conclusion come whatever it be.. Because it states something too extreme... " so far machines have not been able to surmount humans at performing complex tasks."

The question talks only about "this program" and nothing in general.. Hence, there can be other algorithms that could have been successfully used to mimic human operations..

I was stuck between B and E but finally chose E.. :)

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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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Dabhishek wrote:
narrowed down to A & E... choose the wrong1...i think both gives conclusions.
A- a premise specific conclusion
E- a generalized conlusion

which 1 to go for?


A cannot be the answer. The last sentence in the passage states that "Scientists then unsuccessfully attempted to use the algorithms based on this program to create machines that could perform basic human operations.". As per option A, "Apart from being better at chess, so far machines have not been able to surmount humans at performing complex tasks." One may conclude that if machines cannot perform basic human operations, they definitely cannot perform complex tasks. However, this may not be best supported by the given information (various inventions have been created including a computer program that can defeat the world's best chess player).

Hope this helps!

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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2017, 07:14
At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence experienced significant developments. Since then, various inventions have been created including a computer program that can defeat the world's best chess player. Scientists then unsuccessfully attempted to use the algorithms based on this program to create machines that could perform basic human operations.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?


(a) Apart from being better at chess, so far machines have not been able to surmount humans at performing complex tasks.
(b) To a scientist, inventing a machine that folds laundry is more challenging than inventing one that can defeat the world's best chess player.
(c) Scientists in the field of artificial intelligence attempt to invent machines that can mimic the thought patterns of humans.
(d) The field of artificial intelligence is experiencing a halt in its progression.
(e) Difficulties may arise when problem-solving techniques that are specific to one type of task are applied to another.

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New post 04 Nov 2017, 07:53
Let me just give it a try
A- argument doe not tak about complex operstions; B - ther is no mention about challenge to scientists in the passage
C- basic human operations may not involve human thought patterns
D- we cant conclude this
E- yes ;
I am not sure..but thats my thought process ....waiting for others to reply

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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 14:44
target2015 wrote:
At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence experienced significant developments. Since then, various inventions have been created including a computer program that can defeat the world's best chess player. Scientists then unsuccessfully attempted to use the algorithms based on this program to create machines that could perform basic human operations.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?

A. Apart from being better at chess, so far machines have not been able to surmount humans at performing complex tasks.
B. To a scientist, inventing a machine that folds laundry is more challenging than inventing one that can defeat the world's best chess player.
C. Scientists in the field of artificial intelligence attempt to invent machines that can mimic the thought patterns of humans.
D. The field of artificial intelligence is experiencing a halt in its progression.
E. Difficulties may arise when problem-solving techniques that are specific to one type of task are applied to another.


Hey all! Carolyn from Magoosh here :-)

It looks like everyone here has the right idea - the problem with A is that it's just slightly too much of a stretch to be a conclusion for this argument. There isn't any mention of complexity in the argument - in fact, it specifically talks about machines that cannot do basic tasks (not complex). So A is a classic trap answer :-)

E, on the other hand, fits perfectly - the issues come up when the computer tries to switch focus to different kinds of tasks. We don't have to make any extra assumptions here.

Hope that's helpful! :-)
-Carolyn
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Re: At the time of its emergence, the field of artificial intelligence   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2017, 14:44
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