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# Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of

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Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Jan 2019, 06:48
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81% (01:51) correct 19% (02:17) wrong based on 174 sessions

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Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of wages are misguided. The sharp growth in the gap in earnings between college and high school graduates in this city during the past decade resulted from overall technological trends that favored the skills of more educated workers. The mayor’s response to this problem cannot be criticized, as it would hardly be reasonable to expect him to attempt to slow the forces of technology.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn in the last sentence above?

A. The mayor could have initiated policies that would have made it easier for less-educated workers to receive the education necessary for better-paying jobs.

B. Rather than cutting the education budget, the mayor could have increased the amount of staff and funding devoted to locating employment for graduating high school seniors.

C. The mayor could have attempted to generate more demand for products from industries that paid high blue-collar wages.

D. Instead of reducing the tax rate on the wealthiest earners, the mayor could have ensured that they shouldered a greater share of the total tax burden.

E. The mayor could have attempted to protect the earnings of city workers by instituting policies designed to reduce competition from foreign industries.

Originally posted by vikasp99 on 10 Feb 2017, 08:57.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Jan 2019, 06:48, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 09:45
1
vikasp99 wrote:
Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of wages are
misguided. The sharp growth in the gap in earnings between college and high school
graduates in this city during the past decade resulted from overall technological
trends that favored the skills of more educated workers. The mayor’s response to
this problem cannot be criticized, as it would hardly be reasonable to expect him to
attempt to slow the forces of technology.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion
drawn in the last sentence above?

○1○ The mayor could have initiated policies that would have made it easier for less-educated
workers to receive the education necessary for better-paying jobs.
○2○ Rather than cutting the education budget, the mayor could have increased the
amount of staff and funding devoted to locating employment for graduating
high school seniors.
○3○ The mayor could have attempted to generate more demand for products from
industries that paid high blue-collar wages.
○4○ Instead of reducing the tax rate on the wealthiest earners, the mayor could
have ensured that they shouldered a greater share of the total tax burden.
○5○ The mayor could have attempted to protect the earnings of city workers by
instituting policies designed to reduce competition from foreign industries.

Technology developed => more educated workers get more salary
Can't slow down the forces of tech => can't blame mayor

We can't slow down the forces of tech, but why don't we increase the number of higher educated people so the gap could be recuded?

Then we directly come to choice A.
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2017, 06:04
Hello experts.

could you please explain the above question.
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2017, 09:21
vikasp99 wrote:
Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of wages are
misguided. The sharp growth in the gap in earnings between college and high school
graduates in this city during the past decade resulted from overall technological
trends that favored the skills of more educated workers. The mayor’s response to
this problem cannot be criticized, as it would hardly be reasonable to expect him to
attempt to slow the forces of technology.
Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion
drawn in the last sentence above?

○1○ The mayor could have initiated policies that would have made it easier for less-educated
workers to receive the education necessary for better-paying jobs.
○2○ Rather than cutting the education budget, the mayor could have increased the
amount of staff and funding devoted to locating employment for graduating
high school seniors.
○3○ The mayor could have attempted to generate more demand for products from
industries that paid high blue-collar wages.
○4○ Instead of reducing the tax rate on the wealthiest earners, the mayor could
have ensured that they shouldered a greater share of the total tax burden.
○5○ The mayor could have attempted to protect the earnings of city workers by
instituting policies designed to reduce competition from foreign industries.

My reasoning:

premise: Knowledge level is the cause of wage inequality .
claim:Mayor should not be blamed for this.

My Pre-Thinking :Some policy or amendment by mayor is responsible for the wage inequality.i'e some how we need to prove mayor is associated to this issue or May be he is sitting ideal ,enjoying the power only .

A-Bingo.Mayor have not taken any step that could open the door for less educated person so as to gain technical knowledge.
C, D, E are completely out of scope
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2017, 09:33
1
Aketa wrote:
Hello experts.

could you please explain the above question.

As already mentioned in response to one of your previous post, please post your query specifically. (e.g. why option C is incorrect or why do you think OA is not correct). Then the explanation can be targeted at your query precisely.
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2019, 04:32
1
vikasp99 wrote:
Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of wages are misguided. The sharp growth in the gap in earnings between college and high school graduates in this city during the past decade resulted from overall technological trends that favored the skills of more educated workers. The mayor’s response to this problem cannot be criticized, as it would hardly be reasonable to expect him to attempt to slow the forces of technology.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn in the last sentence above?

A. The mayor could have initiated policies that would have made it easier for less-educated workers to receive the education necessary for better-paying jobs.

B. Rather than cutting the education budget, the mayor could have increased the amount of staff and funding devoted to locating employment for graduating high school seniors.

C. The mayor could have attempted to generate more demand for products from industries that paid high blue-collar wages.

D. Instead of reducing the tax rate on the wealthiest earners, the mayor could have ensured that they shouldered a greater share of the total tax burden.

E. The mayor could have attempted to protect the earnings of city workers by instituting policies designed to reduce competition from foreign industries.

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

A

The Kaplan technique of prephrasing an answer works pretty well here. The author concludes that the mayor isn't responsible for the growing gap in earnings between high school and college graduates. Her evidence is one, that the growing need for technologically skilled workers is responsible, and two, that the mayor can't slow the force of technology. No, probably not, but he can take it upon himself to train the less skilled for better jobs. If that rebuttal occurred to you, you had no trouble finding (A). (A) argues that the mayor could have pursued policies that would have enabled the less educated to receive the education that would qualify them for well-paying jobs. If (A) is true, the author's argument is severely weakened.

(B) is off the mark. The problem addressed in the stimulus isn't the lack of employment for graduating high school students, it's the lack of employment that pays as well as high-skill employment. (C)'s proposal might help create more jobs that pay high blue-collar wages, but we don't know what "high" blue-collar wages are. They could still be far lower than the wages earned by people with college educations, in which case (C) wouldn't really address the inequality of wages. As for (D), the problem the mayor was supposed to solve was unequal wages, and if s not clear that taxing more heavily those with high wages constitutes a solution to that problem. Unskilled workers would still be stuck in low-paying jobs. (E) talks about protecting city workers' earnings, but this refers to all city workers. As such, (E)'s suggestion wouldn't improve the position of high school graduates compared to college graduates, which is what we want
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Re: Attempts to blame the mayor’s policies for the growing inequality of   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2019, 04:32
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