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# Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker

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Intern
Joined: 21 May 2010
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Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2010, 11:29
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75% (hard)

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50% (01:50) correct 50% (02:01) wrong based on 555 sessions

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Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker begins a speech by arguing briefly against his or her position before providing reasons for accepting it. The reason this technique is so effective is that it makes the speaker appear fair-minded and trustworthy. Therefore, candidates for national political office who wish to be successful in winning votes should use this argumentative technique in their speeches.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously limits the effectiveness of adopting the argument's recommendation?

(A) Political candidates typically have no control over which excerpts from their speeches will be reported by the news media.
(B) Many people do not find arguments made by politicians convincing, since the arguments are often one-sided or oversimplify the issues.
(C) People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate.
(D) People regard a political candidate more favorably if they think that the candidate respects an opponent's position even while disagreeing with it.
(E) Political candidates have to address audiences of many different sizes and at many different locations in the course of a political campaign.
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20 Jul 2010, 12:02
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the Answer is A because the media can misconstrue the first part of the candidate's speech to be the position of the candidate.
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20 Jul 2010, 15:44
rockubabe wrote:
Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker begins a speech by arguing briefly against his or her position before providing reasons for accepting it. The reason this technique is so effective is that it makes the speaker appear fair-minded and trustworthy. Therefore, candidates for national political office who wish to be successful in winning votes should use this argumentative technique in their speeches.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously limits the effectiveness of adopting the argument's recommendation?

(A) Political candidates typically have no control over which excerpts from their speeches will be reported by the news media.
(B) Many people do not find arguments made by politicians convincing, since the arguments are often one-sided or oversimplify the issues.
(C) People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate.
(D) People regard a political candidate more favorably if they think that the candidate respects an opponent's position even while disagreeing with it.
(E) Political candidates have to address audiences of many different sizes and at many different locations in the course of a political campaign.

Even if the answer is A, i find it unconvincing.
Nothing is mentioned about news media in the passage, there is no mention of whether the public will be reading news papers or watching news, the only information is that
people prefer candidates who argue againist their own views before supporting, hence such system should be followed.

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21 Jul 2010, 01:50
I Feel answer to be C and not A .

Experts Help .
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21 Jul 2010, 08:34
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Me too, I think answer is C rather than A. It is not given how the candidate is addressing the nation. In case he is addressing through media A makes sense, but he might be addressing public in a rally etc. Assumption A forces us to make is that all the candidate speeches will be covered by media.
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21 Jul 2010, 10:16
I fell for C as well. I immediately eliminated A for out of scope.
I am trying to convince myself why A is right instead of C.
Can anybody explain why C is wrong?
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21 Jul 2010, 10:36
2
Its upto the media which part of the speech they are going to highlight.

This argument does not make a vital assumption that media can select whichever part of the candidate's speech they want. It also make a faulty assumption that media is going to print all of the speech to cause the desired effect on audience - the so called effect of taking a "contrary position first". Hence its vulnerable.

C is shift in focus. "opinions of the candidate's character". Arguing back by "opinion" is not the same as hitting on the "techniques" used in the candidate's speech. The argument is using the premise that "argumentative technique" are useful in winning the votes. Clearly C is scope shift.

A is correct.

rockubabe wrote:
I fell for C as well. I immediately eliminated A for out of scope.
I am trying to convince myself why A is right instead of C.
Can anybody explain why C is wrong?
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21 Jul 2010, 19:16
agree with explanation given by BlueRobin ..... go with C ..eventhough the OA is A..
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02 Aug 2010, 11:36
I too chose C but am now convinced A is right. Its a pretty good question. Problem with C is: it could be true that people choose their votes on the basis of their perception of characters of the candidates. It's still perfectly possible that those who are are able use the argumentative technique suggested in the passage happen to be the ones who are favorably disposed (or vice versa). It's equally likely - so people's opinions have little bearing on whether the argumentative technique suggested would be successful or not.

But if the media can influence what gets to the public - the argumentative technique ALONE will not be useful because then the role of media will also have to be taken into account.
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02 Aug 2010, 23:10
Even I am with C. The problem I see with A is that, we are assuming that people are affected by media which might not always be true.. With C, if people decide on the character instead of the positions that a candidate takes, the position taken by the candidate is unnecessary and that strongly limits the effectiveness of the argumentative campaign.

Any thoughts?
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02 Aug 2010, 23:42
The question stem specifically asks which of the following would weaken effectiveness of adopting the argument's recommendation,, option A has nothing whatsoever to do with limiting that recommendation it just says that media can selectively print the speech, but the author is making a point about the which technique a leader should choose while making a speech so print media would be out of scope of the argument.

even i agree with option C
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03 Aug 2010, 06:30
I go for C as well....Could someone please explain how it can be A??...Where has the media been mentioned in the premise?? May be just to convince ourselves we might search for the reason y it could be A...
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03 Aug 2010, 11:35
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(A) Political candidates typically have no control over which excerpts from their speeches will be reported by the news media.
-- This statement if true will definitely make the augmentative technique less effective. If the media reports only the starting part of the speech, the whole purpose of the speech will get void. Hence A is a correct answer choice.

(B) Many people do not find arguments made by politicians convincing, since the arguments are often one-sided or oversimplify the issues.
-- Irrelevant.

(C) People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate.
-- Not related to the argument.

(D) People regard a political candidate more favorably if they think that the candidate respects an opponent's position even while disagreeing with it.
-- No question about the opponent's position. Hence D is not a correct answer choice.

(E) Political candidates have to address audiences of many different sizes and at many different locations in the course of a political campaign.
Totally irrelevant.
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03 Aug 2010, 11:53
1
I initially chose C, but after careful review, I think it's A.

the argument: "this technique is so effective is that it makes the speaker appear fair-minded and trustworthy...candidates for national political office who wish to be successful in winning votes should use this argumentative technique in their speeches."

In other words, this argument technique is effective because it makes the candidate appear more trustworthy and therefore enhances the public's opinion of the candidate's character.

When you look at C, it actually strengthens the conclusion: "People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate."

All other choices can be eliminated by POE, answer is A.
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04 Aug 2010, 06:58
weird question. We are making lots of assumptions in choosing A. Even C is not a strong contender.
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Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 04:20
C is not correct coz it says that people vote on the basis of their perception of the candidates character. In the argument it is clearly written that those who take this kind of argumentative speech wll be perceived as trustworthy which defines the character of the politician
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Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 05:37
I strongly feel the answer can't be A.. If the character of the candidate matters more than his/her position on an issue, no matter what the candidate says or what the press reports, the voters will not change their view of him/her.. Hence C for me.. I am just not convinced with A..

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Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2016, 23:01
rockubabe wrote:
Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker begins a speech by arguing briefly against his or her position before providing reasons for accepting it. The reason this technique is so effective is that it makes the speaker appear fair-minded and trustworthy. Therefore, candidates for national political office who wish to be successful in winning votes should use this argumentative technique in their speeches.

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously limits the effectiveness of adopting the argument's recommendation?

(A) Political candidates typically have no control over which excerpts from their speeches will be reported by the news media.
(B) Many people do not find arguments made by politicians convincing, since the arguments are often one-sided or oversimplify the issues.
(C) People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate.
(D) People regard a political candidate more favorably if they think that the candidate respects an opponent's position even while disagreeing with it.
(E) Political candidates have to address audiences of many different sizes and at many different locations in the course of a political campaign.

Dear Experts,

I feel B is correct since Many people (means 99 out of 100 - can we consider like this for many)- do not find arguments made by politicians convincing, since the arguments are often one-sided or oversimplify the issues.
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Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 03:45
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A. Political candidates typically have no control over which excerpts from their speeches will be reported by the news media.

Weakens, because in this case the technique will not be effective

C. People decide which political candidate to vote for more on the basis of their opinions of the candidate's character than on the exact positions of the candidate.

Argument does not concentrate on position of candidate, rather it concentrates on specific technique. So, out

A wins
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Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker  [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2016, 05:27
Good question. I marked C as answer but after further analysis I believe C is actually not weakening the argument.

Re: Audiences find a speaker more convincing if the speaker   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2016, 05:27

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