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# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 10:25
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 10:27
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Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 12:58
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souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

1) that suggests that the elephant.wordy

2) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving not parallel and suggests as truck is a thing per se

3) suggesting......wrong

4) and 5)

to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved........parallel

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 16:43
I picked C, which is not right. My explanations after analysis are below

SUGGEST/SUGGESTS THAT is an idiom

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved - that suggests that - not right /wordy
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving - SUGGEST THAT idiom is missing
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving - SUGGESTING THAT is not right idiom
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved - its is referring to? also not parallel
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved - Correct. Subordinate clauses are parallel
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 19:26
E is the correct answer. Parallel
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 04:45
souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Per the meaning, The sentence states two suggestions of an evidence
1. that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal.
2. its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
both the suggestions can be parallel only when both start with "that".
Issue of II-ism is violated when one of them starts with that and other don't.
In choice A and D, THAT before the second list is missing. Moreover, present perfect( has descended) tense reflects the action/effect wherein the requirement is simple present because we are stating a general fact and not showing an action of descending.
in choice B, after suggested that is required else it would be a meaning issue. So Evidence that has suggested the elephant conveys as if Elephants were suggested by the evidence. Also, its trunk originally..... modifies aquatic animal , an incorrect modification per the meaning listed above.
In choice C, Past perfect (Had) is used, whereas it is used to show sequence of events with a simple past tense. Moreover, with its trunk originally..... modifies aquatic animal , an incorrect modification per the meaning listed above.
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 03:11
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Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 05:34
souvik101990 wrote:
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)

Hi Souvik,

I think there is a typo in option A.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally (evolved)- It should be evolving as per OG 12

Regards,
Fame

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 06:16
Hey Fame!
You are right!
It is "evolving" as per the OG question.
However the question with "evolved" appears in GMATPrep 2.0
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 09:36
That question becomes a lot easier if answer a ends with 'evolving'

fameatop wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)

Hi Souvik,

I think there is a typo in option A.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally (evolved)- It should be evolving as per OG 12

Regards,
Fame
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2013, 08:36
"suggest" without "that" can be acceptable

the only reason which makes B in correct is that "be descended from" is different from "descend"

this is very hard question which test
- meaning difference between "be descended from" and "descend" (testing this point is makes it hard for non native)
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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15 May 2014, 09:19
be descended from
is idiom

decended from
is not idiom

this problem is in og 10 and is old and so is not good for study. gmat now test idioms less .this mean gmat dose not test the rarely used idioms. but remember, english has a lot of basic idioms which we have to learn because gmat will tess these idioms.

gmat will no longer test the idioms like idiom above becuse it is rarely used. I think so
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2015, 06:22
souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

1.Suggest compulsorily takes the subjunctive verb.
None of the options above , have verbs in the subjunctive form.

2. When stating facts and scientific truths , we use simple present tense .

A is wrong for this reason because it should have verbs in the subjunctive form but doesn't.
B is awkward with the usage of" that has suggested the elephant....... "
C had descended -The use of past perfect is wrong because there is no verb sequencing involving two actions in the past tense.
D use of has descended means that the elephants descended recently in present times .
E is correct as it removes all the errors.
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 05:26
souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

IMO D has correct parallelism because these parts are parallel:
"to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and [that is omitted] its trunk originally evolved"

But D use active form has descended and it means that elephant move down
and E use passive form is descended and it means that elephant a blood relative of (a specified ancestor)
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 10:21
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2016, 08:48
Hi all,

This question to me is one which again can confuse if not categorised as a "meaning" question primarily

1. Analyse questions ... no obvious split (its / their would be one that might be expected and "evidence to suggest" and "evidence that suggests" are both parrallel and in there to confuse)
2. Therefore a meaning question
3. Rephrase sentence
Embyologists have found evidence that a) an elephant is descended from an aquatic animal AND b) its trunk originally evolved as a snorkel

4. Eliminate B and C ... as they both imply that the trunk finding has followed from the finding that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal

Simple example of the point
Meteorologists have found evidence that hurricaine speeds peak 12 hours after landfall, the volume of rainfall dropping by 50% per hour after that time
Meteorologists have found evidence that hurricaine speeds peak 12 hours after landfall and that the volume of rainfall drops by 50% per hour after that time

5. eliminate A and D ... not parrallel... should be evidence that X and ... that y
6. E

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2016, 08:48
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