It is currently 25 Jun 2017, 21:07

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Affiliations: HEC
Joined: 28 Sep 2009
Posts: 1636
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V44
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Oct 2009, 21:21
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:59) correct 47% (01:01) wrong based on 1120 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Although we certainly don't hear it often, "is descended" is correct. For example:

We are descended from the chimpanzee.
He is a direct descendant of Charles the Great.

But I do agree that the phrase looks odd on paper.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2473
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Oct 2009, 23:36
1
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Amar

It is an example of how tricky can gmat questions be.

Most of the people are intimidited by A but the problem is with "its", which refers to elephant's.

If the setence were not properly paralled without "that x ......... and that y ......", "its" is never be a clear referant for "elephant". That construction is only in E, which is tghe best and OA.
_________________

Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html

GT

SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1512
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2010, 12:14
I went with A because I thought that evidence that was better than evidence to suggest, which sounds very bad to me. It seems as if the goal of the evidence were to suggest. In my opinion, is not a goal but a consequence, and that is why I prefer evidence that suggest.
Could anybody comment on that?
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Aug 2010, 11:24
10
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey All,

I got asked to take this one on by private message, so here I am! The answer is certainly E.

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
PROBLEM: There's no reason to use a comma with a list of two things.

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
PROBLEM: You have to say "that" after the verb "to suggest".

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
PROBLEM: The use of the past perfect tense here is incorrect, because the action isn't complete. I know it may seem like the descent has ended, but in the present, the elephant is STILL descended from an aquatic animal. That's an eternal truth. Also, using the prepositional phrase "with its trunk originally evolving" ends up modifying "an aquatic animal", when we really want to be referring to the elephant.

(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
PROBLEM: We don't want to change tense in parallel unless there's a significant reason ("yesterday I went to the store but today I will stay at home"). No good reason from present perfect "has descended" to past "evolved".

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
ANSWER: "descended" and "evolved" are parallel, and everything else is clear.

Hope that helps!

-t
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Director
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 685
Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2010, 19:37
Tommy that was funny!

Now I do have a question... IsA wrong just because of the comma? I mean the mnhtn sc book states at one place that you will never have to rule out an option just because of a comma. pleaseexplain..

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 488
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2010, 13:42
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
ANSWER: "descended" and "evolved" are parallel, and everything else is clear.

Hope that helps!

-t

Tommy
Isnt it appropriate to say "elephant has descended" instead of "elephant is descended"
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !

Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 225
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2010, 15:04
IMO A.....suggest needs "that"
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Sep 2010, 10:56
3
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey Mainhoon,

Well, "evidence to suggest" is a better choice than "evidence that suggests," but I'd say the comma is the major issue.

As for Munda's question, no it wouldn't be quite as correct to say "the elephant has descended," this implies the action of descending, as in "The elephant has descended the stairs." But this meaning of "descended" is different. To "be descended" from something is a constant (like being "green" or "American"), and thus ought to be in the present tense, as in "Men are descended from apes." You wouldn't say "men have descended from apes," because it isn't a tense action, but a state of being.

Hope that makes sense!

-t
_________________

Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

CEO
Status: Nothing comes easy: neither do I want.
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 2783
Location: Malaysia
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '15 (M)
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2010, 06:50
I have one doubt in option A.

Do you think its refer to both elephant and aquatic animal?

As per Mgmat Sc advance section , 'its' should not be ambiguous as it is the subject of both the clauses.

_________________

Fight for your dreams :For all those who fear from Verbal- lets give it a fight

Money Saved is the Money Earned

Jo Bole So Nihaal , Sat Shri Akaal

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Gmat test review :
http://gmatclub.com/forum/670-to-710-a-long-journey-without-destination-still-happy-141642.html

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3970
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 11:25
1
KUDOS
Go by this maxim, and the answer will pop up. A sentence, which has two arms, if uses - that - to introduce one arm, then it must use - that -to introduce the other arm also to balance the sentence. As per this norm, only E will fit in
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2010
Posts: 1
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2011, 14:10
Messages in the thread suggest that there is disagreement among A , D & E

"A" is wrong because that there is parallelism error. "Descended" is not parallel to "evolving"

"D" is wrong because ' had descended' is a wrong phrase in this context. 'Descended', as a verb, is used when someone or something is coming down from a high position. ie he descended from the hill. Shadow descended on the bench in the park.

when 'descended' is is used as noun, it carry a meaning of 'Origin' ie I am a descended of homo sapiens. Bird is a descened of reptiles. " Descended of" and Descended from " carries the same meaning

E is the only option left so lets take it as correct answer....

Hope it clarifies.....
Director
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 633
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 May 2011, 09:41
1
KUDOS
The correct SC is:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

MY EXPLANATION:
a. evolving is wrong-because the elephant has already evolved.
b. same as A, and has suggested rather to suggest.
c. had is wrong here because The elephant is still descending
d. same as C
E. Correct.
_________________

Collections:-
PSof OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ps-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110005.html
DS of OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ds-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110004.html
100 GMAT PREP Quantitative collection http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-problem-collections-114358.html
Collections of work/rate problems with solutions http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-work-rate-problem-with-solutions-118919.html
Mixture problems in a file with best solutions: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mixture-problems-with-best-and-easy-solutions-all-together-124644.html

Manager
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 247
Schools: UNC Duke Kellogg
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jun 2011, 07:20
E has a perfect parallel structure.

It's useful sometimes to treat these sentences like mathematical equations.

Infinitive (to suggest) + { [ that + descended (past participle) + prepositional phrase] + [ that + evolved (past participle) + prepositional phrase] }
Intern
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 44
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2011, 04:14
why cant we use has/have (been) descended instead of is descended ??????
VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1381
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2011, 04:26
since the subject is singular, we cant use "have' here..
if we use " has descended", then the sentence would be idealistic and its correct..
but since u have to choose the best among the answer choices, u chose E
_________________
Director
Joined: 28 Jun 2011
Posts: 889
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Sep 2013, 07:17
ronybtl wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Evolving is incorrect rather it should be evolved...

From option D and E, the later is parallel introducing 2 clauses with "that".
_________________
Current Student
Joined: 02 Apr 2013
Posts: 66
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GPA: 3
WE: Science (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Sep 2013, 00:25
ronybtl wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

I was stuck between (C) and (E) and pulled the trigger on E because I guessed that "...and that its trunk..." played some rule somewhere that made it obvious "it" referred to the elephant and not the "aquatic animal." That's really what I used to weed out some of the possible answers, whether "it" was clear. All a guess though.
Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2013
Posts: 177
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2013, 09:24
Can someone please clarify the difference between evidence that suggests vs evidence to suggest?

It sounds different in my head but I can't put it into words.
Manager
Joined: 06 Feb 2010
Posts: 173
Schools: University of Dhaka - Class of 2010
GPA: 3.63
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2013, 22:26
1
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
_________________

Practice Makes a Man Perfect. Practice. Practice. Practice......Perfectly

Critical Reasoning: http://gmatclub.com/forum/best-critical-reasoning-shortcuts-notes-tips-91280.html

Collections of MGMAT CAT: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-mgmat-cat-math-152750.html

MGMAT SC SUMMARY: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mgmat-sc-summary-of-fourth-edition-152753.html

Sentence Correction: http://gmatclub.com/forum/sentence-correction-strategies-and-notes-91218.html

Arithmatic & Algebra: http://gmatclub.com/forum/arithmatic-algebra-93678.html

I hope these will help to understand the basic concepts & strategies. Please Click ON KUDOS Button.

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 558
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2013, 23:31
monirjewel wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

australian-embryologists-have-found-evidence-that-suggests-84981.html
_________________

General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2013, 23:31

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 49 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
36 Scientists have recently found evidence 12 19 Aug 2016, 10:04
Australian embryologists have found evidence 0 11 Nov 2013, 23:31
1 Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests 6 05 May 2013, 05:47
16 Scientists have found new evidence of people initially 39 13 Sep 2016, 14:15
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests 0 10 Apr 2017, 03:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by