It is currently 29 Jun 2017, 09:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
avatar
Status: Graduated
Affiliations: HEC
Joined: 28 Sep 2009
Posts: 1636
Concentration: Economics, Finance
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V44
Premium Member
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2009, 21:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:59) correct 47% (01:01) wrong based on 1153 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Although we certainly don't hear it often, "is descended" is correct. For example:

We are descended from the chimpanzee.
He is a direct descendant of Charles the Great.

But I do agree that the phrase looks odd on paper.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

1 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2473
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2009, 23:36
1
This post received
KUDOS
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Amar



It is an example of how tricky can gmat questions be.

Most of the people are intimidited by A but the problem is with "its", which refers to elephant's.

If the setence were not properly paralled without "that x ......... and that y ......", "its" is never be a clear referant for "elephant". That construction is only in E, which is tghe best and OA.
_________________

Verbal: http://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: http://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html


GT

SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1514
Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2010, 12:14
I went with A because I thought that evidence that was better than evidence to suggest, which sounds very bad to me. It seems as if the goal of the evidence were to suggest. In my opinion, is not a goal but a consequence, and that is why I prefer evidence that suggest.
Could anybody comment on that?
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit


GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

10 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2010, 11:24
10
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey All,

I got asked to take this one on by private message, so here I am! The answer is certainly E.

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
PROBLEM: There's no reason to use a comma with a list of two things.

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
PROBLEM: You have to say "that" after the verb "to suggest".

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
PROBLEM: The use of the past perfect tense here is incorrect, because the action isn't complete. I know it may seem like the descent has ended, but in the present, the elephant is STILL descended from an aquatic animal. That's an eternal truth. Also, using the prepositional phrase "with its trunk originally evolving" ends up modifying "an aquatic animal", when we really want to be referring to the elephant.

(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
PROBLEM: We don't want to change tense in parallel unless there's a significant reason ("yesterday I went to the store but today I will stay at home"). No good reason from present perfect "has descended" to past "evolved".

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
ANSWER: "descended" and "evolved" are parallel, and everything else is clear.

Hope that helps!

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Director
Director
avatar
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 685
Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2010, 19:37
Tommy that was funny!

Now I do have a question... IsA wrong just because of the comma? I mean the mnhtn sc book states at one place that you will never have to rule out an option just because of a comma. pleaseexplain..

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
avatar
Joined: 31 Jan 2010
Posts: 488
WE 1: 4 years Tech
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2010, 13:42
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
ANSWER: "descended" and "evolved" are parallel, and everything else is clear.

Hope that helps!

-t

Tommy
Isnt it appropriate to say "elephant has descended" instead of "elephant is descended"
_________________

My Post Invites Discussions not answers
Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now !
Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 225
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2010, 15:04
IMO A.....suggest needs "that"
3 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Affiliations: ManhattanGMAT
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 348
Location: San Francisco
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Sep 2010, 10:56
3
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hey Mainhoon,

Well, "evidence to suggest" is a better choice than "evidence that suggests," but I'd say the comma is the major issue.

As for Munda's question, no it wouldn't be quite as correct to say "the elephant has descended," this implies the action of descending, as in "The elephant has descended the stairs." But this meaning of "descended" is different. To "be descended" from something is a constant (like being "green" or "American"), and thus ought to be in the present tense, as in "Men are descended from apes." You wouldn't say "men have descended from apes," because it isn't a tense action, but a state of being.

Hope that makes sense!

-t
_________________


Tommy Wallach | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | San Francisco


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

CEO
CEO
User avatar
Status: Nothing comes easy: neither do I want.
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 2783
Location: Malaysia
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '15 (M)
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Reviews Badge
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2010, 06:50
I have one doubt in option A.

Do you think its refer to both elephant and aquatic animal?

As per Mgmat Sc advance section , 'its' should not be ambiguous as it is the subject of both the clauses.
:-D
_________________

Fight for your dreams :For all those who fear from Verbal- lets give it a fight

Money Saved is the Money Earned :)

Jo Bole So Nihaal , Sat Shri Akaal

:thanks Support GMAT Club by putting a GMAT Club badge on your blog/Facebook :thanks

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Gmat test review :
http://gmatclub.com/forum/670-to-710-a-long-journey-without-destination-still-happy-141642.html

1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3976
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Oct 2010, 11:25
1
This post received
KUDOS
Go by this maxim, and the answer will pop up. A sentence, which has two arms, if uses - that - to introduce one arm, then it must use - that -to introduce the other arm also to balance the sentence. As per this norm, only E will fit in
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Dec 2010
Posts: 1
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jan 2011, 14:10
Messages in the thread suggest that there is disagreement among A , D & E

"A" is wrong because that there is parallelism error. "Descended" is not parallel to "evolving"

"D" is wrong because ' had descended' is a wrong phrase in this context. 'Descended', as a verb, is used when someone or something is coming down from a high position. ie he descended from the hill. Shadow descended on the bench in the park.

when 'descended' is is used as noun, it carry a meaning of 'Origin' ie I am a descended of homo sapiens. Bird is a descened of reptiles. " Descended of" and Descended from " carries the same meaning

E is the only option left so lets take it as correct answer....

Hope it clarifies.....
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: No dream is too large, no dreamer is too small
Joined: 14 Jul 2010
Posts: 632
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 May 2011, 09:41
1
This post received
KUDOS
The correct SC is:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

MY EXPLANATION:
a. evolving is wrong-because the elephant has already evolved.
b. same as A, and has suggested rather to suggest.
c. had is wrong here because The elephant is still descending
d. same as C
E. Correct.
_________________

Collections:-
PSof OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ps-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110005.html
DS of OG solved by GC members: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collection-ds-with-solution-from-gmatclub-110004.html
100 GMAT PREP Quantitative collection http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-problem-collections-114358.html
Collections of work/rate problems with solutions http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-work-rate-problem-with-solutions-118919.html
Mixture problems in a file with best solutions: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mixture-problems-with-best-and-easy-solutions-all-together-124644.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 247
Schools: UNC Duke Kellogg
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2011, 07:20
E has a perfect parallel structure.

It's useful sometimes to treat these sentences like mathematical equations.

Infinitive (to suggest) + { [ that + descended (past participle) + prepositional phrase] + [ that + evolved (past participle) + prepositional phrase] }
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 44
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2011, 04:14
why cant we use has/have (been) descended instead of is descended ??????
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1380
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2011, 04:26
since the subject is singular, we cant use "have' here..
if we use " has descended", then the sentence would be idealistic and its correct..
but since u have to choose the best among the answer choices, u chose E
_________________

Prepositional Phrases Clarified|Elimination of BEING| Absolute Phrases Clarified
Rules For Posting
www.Univ-Scholarships.com

Director
Director
User avatar
Status: My Thread Master Bschool Threads-->Krannert(Purdue),WP Carey(Arizona),Foster(Uwashngton)
Joined: 28 Jun 2011
Posts: 889
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2013, 07:17
ronybtl wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved


Evolving is incorrect rather it should be evolved...

From option D and E, the later is parallel introducing 2 clauses with "that".
_________________

General GMAT useful links-->

Indian Bschools Accepting Gmat | My Gmat Daily Diary | All Gmat Practice CAT's | MBA Ranking 2013 | How to Convert Indian GPA/ Percentage to US 4 pt. GPA scale | GMAT MATH BOOK in downloadable PDF format| POWERSCORE CRITICAL REASONING BIBLE - FULL CHAPTER NOTES | Result correlation between GMAT and GMAT Club's Tests | Best GMAT Stories - Period!

More useful links-->

GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios| GMAT and MBA 101|Everything You Need to Prepare for the GMAT|New to the GMAT Club? <START HERE>|GMAT ToolKit: iPhone/iPod/iPad/Android application|

Verbal Treasure Hunt-->

"Ultimate" Study Plan for Verbal on the GMAT|Books to Read (Improve Verbal Score and Enjoy a Good Read)|Best Verbal GMAT Books 2012|Carcass Best EXTERNAL resources to tackle the GMAT Verbal Section|Ultimate GMAT Grammar Book from GC club [Free Download]|Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia|Souvik's The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official-SC|ALL SC Rules+Official Qs by Experts & Legendary Club Members|Meaning/Clarity SC Question Bank by Carcass_Souvik|Critical Reasoning Shortcuts and Tips|Critical Reasoning Megathread!|The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official- CR|GMAT Club's Reading Comprehension Strategy Guide|The Most Comprehensive Collection Of Everything Official- RC|Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia|ALL RC Strategy+Official Q by Experts&Legendary Club Members

----
---
--
-


1 KUDOS = 1 THANK


Kick Ass Gmat

Current Student
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Apr 2013
Posts: 66
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GPA: 3
WE: Science (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Reviews Badge
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2013, 00:25
ronybtl wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved


I was stuck between (C) and (E) and pulled the trigger on E because I guessed that "...and that its trunk..." played some rule somewhere that made it obvious "it" referred to the elephant and not the "aquatic animal." That's really what I used to weed out some of the possible answers, whether "it" was clear. All a guess though.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Feb 2013
Posts: 177
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Nov 2013, 09:24
Can someone please clarify the difference between evidence that suggests vs evidence to suggest?

It sounds different in my head but I can't put it into words.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 06 Feb 2010
Posts: 174
Concentration: Marketing, Leadership
Schools: University of Dhaka - Class of 2010
GPA: 3.63
WE: Business Development (Consumer Products)
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2013, 22:26
1
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
_________________

Practice Makes a Man Perfect. Practice. Practice. Practice......Perfectly

Critical Reasoning: http://gmatclub.com/forum/best-critical-reasoning-shortcuts-notes-tips-91280.html

Collections of MGMAT CAT: http://gmatclub.com/forum/collections-of-mgmat-cat-math-152750.html

MGMAT SC SUMMARY: http://gmatclub.com/forum/mgmat-sc-summary-of-fourth-edition-152753.html

Sentence Correction: http://gmatclub.com/forum/sentence-correction-strategies-and-notes-91218.html

Arithmatic & Algebra: http://gmatclub.com/forum/arithmatic-algebra-93678.html

Helpful Geometry formula sheet: http://gmatclub.com/forum/best-geometry-93676.html


I hope these will help to understand the basic concepts & strategies. Please Click ON KUDOS Button.

BSchool Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 558
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2013, 23:31
monirjewel wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an
aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved


Already disscussed here
australian-embryologists-have-found-evidence-that-suggests-84981.html
_________________

How to select your BSchool?
General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2013, 23:31

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 52 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
36 Scientists have recently found evidence amatya 14 27 Jun 2017, 13:08
Australian embryologists have found evidence monirjewel 0 11 Nov 2013, 23:31
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests TGC 6 05 May 2013, 05:47
16 Scientists have found new evidence of people initially marcodonzelli 40 28 Jun 2017, 10:22
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests kkalyan 0 10 Apr 2017, 03:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the el

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.