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# Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive

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Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 00:32
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 108
Page: 692

Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

(A) Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

(B) Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

(C) Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.

(D) Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.

(E) Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 00:48
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Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

E compares the children with parents.. which rules E out.
D makes children as subject ..ruled out
C .. has the close competition. hold it
B-Talks if only authoritative parents have adolscent children.. altered meaning and wrong construction. ... ruled out.
Now between A & C, A is more direct as subject of C is children .. also "are the more likely is wrong."

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.
D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.

E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 01:07
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Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
Only left
Though, I would prefer 'that' in place of 'who' in this case, if 'that' were given as an option.

B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
incomplete sentence
Authoritative parents (who are...) ...no verb!!

C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate

D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.
not parallel
E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate here. Opinions?

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2009, 03:42
surely A.

C, D and E are out for using "rather than" with "more likely". The correct form should be "more likely than".

Out of B and A, I choose A
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2011, 22:34
A is correct because of parallelism.

selfconfident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent. - This is a list of adjectives, parallel in structure.
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2011, 22:49
It's like this :

responsibly independent - the full phrase comprises adjective (independent) modified by an adverb - "responsibly", and the core attribute referring to children when they grow up is independent.

To your question regarding "responsible" :

responsible - adjective (He is a responsible person. Here, responsible modifies person)

responsibly - adverb (He behaved responsibly in the meeting. Here, responsibly modifies behaved)
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2011, 22:56
subhashghosh wrote:
It's like this :

responsibly independent - the full phrase comprises adjective (independent) modified by an adverb - "responsibly", and the core attribute referring to children when they grow up is independent.

To your question regarding "responsible" :

responsible - adjective (He is a responsible person. Here, responsible modifies person)

responsibly - adverb (He behaved responsibly in the meeting. Here, responsibly modifies behaved)

I am still not clear on this??? the other two qualities are adjectives describing children.... so if it would have been =>

self-confi dent, high in self esteem,and independent may be they are parallel but how with the addition of responsibly the parallelism is destroyed...

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2011, 23:01
Well to drill down a bit more, the parallelism here is in the form of adjective phrases, and "responsibly independent" is one. Try to focus on meaning of the sentence, in which a list of attributes in enumerated. That being so, "responsibly independent" just adds one more degree of qualification to "independent", much the same as "the red shirt" and "the torn red shirt".
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2012, 11:49
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I have chosen A for this question:

A. The sentence clearly compares authoritative parents to permissive parents. Also, the traits of the children are in parallel.

You can view the parallelism like this:

-self confident
-high in self esteem
-responsibly independent

Although it may appear that they don't all have the same grammatical form, there is no other way to present the 3 elements without completely changing the structure.

B. This sentence is a fragment - the use of the word "who" is completely unnecessary.

C. Inaccurately compares children to permissive parents. Parallelism is also broken in this sentence - to be, have, and to be.

D. The word "being" disrupts the parallelism. We are trying to compare parents who are authoritative to parents who are permissive.

E. Children is being compared to permissive parents - bad comparison.

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 11:11
Vote for A

(A) Authoritative parents are more likely than
permissive parents to have children who as
adolescents are self-confi dent, high in selfesteem,
and responsibly independent.
--> Parallel structue compares "Authoritative parents" to "permissive parents" [Correct]

(B) Authoritative parents who are more likely than
permissive parents to have adolescent children
that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and
responsibly independent.
--> "that are self-confident" here "that" is incorrectly refer to children.

(C) Children of authoritative parents, rather than
permissive parents, are the more likely to be
self-confi dent, have a high self-esteem, and to
--> Childern [singular] ==> "are the more likely to " plural are

(D) Children whose parents are authoritative rather
than being permissive, are more likely to have
self-confi dence, a high self-esteem, and be
responsibly independent when they are an
--> Childern [singular] ==> "are the more likely to " plural are

(E) Rather than permissive parents, the children of
authoritative parents are the more likely to have
self-confi dence, a high self-esteem, and to be
--> Childern [singular] ==> "are the more likely to " plural are

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2012, 19:39
Voted for A and I'm right!

Like the others above me, responsibly independent is in line with the other adjectives - "high in self esteem" and "self confidence."

D was tempting to me but the comparison is screwed up here a little bit, because the kids seemed to be highlighted more than the parents which was the intent of the original sentence.

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2012, 04:06
a. correct
b. children that are - wrong + missing main verb
c. wrong comparison between children and parents.
d. wrong usage of being + they is plural
e. wrong comparison between children and parents.
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 00:22
C,D and E are out because of use of "rather than" which must be used jsut for verb and not for noun.
Remaining A and B.

Mr Romney is more likely than Mr obama to be selected as president.
Mr Romney who is more likely than Mr obama...........

Comparing both the former looks more correct than the latter.

Hence Ans A

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 00:27
ankur55 wrote:
Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.
D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.
E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.

Usage of Rather than in this context is incorrect. Rather than is used to express preference, which in this context is incorrect. Eliminate C,D,E
in B that is used to refer to children, hence wrong
Left with A

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 02:16
ITIZCODE wrote:
could u please explain in option B wy it is wrong

B is wrong because of fragment issue.

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 02:18
sudeep wrote:
Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
Only left
Though, I would prefer 'that' in place of 'who' in this case, if 'that' were given as an option.

B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
incomplete sentence
Authoritative parents (who are...) ...no verb!!

C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate

D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.
not parallel
E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate here. Opinions?

"That" in choice A instead of "Who" will be wrong because "that" cannot refer to people while "who" can, "who" is a correct usage.

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2012, 11:08
Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent. correct
B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent. misplaced who. Are they more likely to have adolescent children?
C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents. the more likely???, parallelism - have self steem, be self confident and be respo., incorrect comparison of children to parents.
D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent. parallelism error
E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent. conmapres parents and children

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2013, 20:28
sudeep wrote:
Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.

A.Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive parents to have children who as adolescents are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
Only left
Though, I would prefer 'that' in place of 'who' in this case, if 'that' were given as an option.

B.Authoritative parents who are more likely than permissive parents to have adolescent children that are self-confident, high in self-esteem, and responsibly independent.
incomplete sentence
Authoritative parents (who are...) ...no verb!!

C.Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be self-confident, have a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as adolescents.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate

D.Children whose parents are authoritative rather than being permissive, are more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and be responsibly independent when they are an adolescent.
not parallel
E.Rather than permissive parents, the children of authoritative parents are the more likely to have self-confidence, a high self-esteem, and to be responsibly independent as an adolescent.
wrong comparison
'the more' seems inappropriate here. Opinions?

hi，I have a question. CDE use children as the subject of the sentence. Is it change the original meaning of the sentence?

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2013, 10:14
As adolescents, As young etc is idiomatic. Also the original sentence has correct parallel structure. So A.
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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 22:20
If we ignore the parallelism for the time being then this phrase from (C) is it correct:-
Children of authoritative parents rather than permissive parents are the more likely to

All I want to know does the comma only creates a illogical comparison between children & permissive parents like original option (C)
(C) Children of authoritative parents, rather than permissive parents, are the more likely to be

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Re: Authoritative parents are more likely than permissive   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2013, 22:20

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