The correct answer is E and not B.
Let me explain.
Option B relies on the fact that number of domestic film was higher than foreign film.
Read again what option B says:-
B) "Significantly more domestic films than foreign films were submitted to the festival." Domestic films > Foreign films
(remember this point in your head)
Lets simplify Option B to make it more fluid and straightforward. It can be simplified asB) Number of Domestic film is more than number of foreign film.
OK !!! Everyone with me till this point ?
Now lets see what option E says
E) "Most foreign films, unlike most domestic films,
were submitted in categories with high prestige, but
with correspondingly low rates of acceptance"
humm... now let us simplify the statement and remove bits that author deliberately put to confuse us. The simplified statements become
E) "Most foreign films were submitted in categories in which the acceptance rate was low"
Now ask your self what does option B rely on ?
B replies on the fact that number of domestic film is higher than foreign film.Domestic films > Foreign films
(do u remember this from the start of the problem )
so according to option B ===> Domestic films = 1000 and foreign films = 500
Now if somehow we are able to prove statement 1 and 2 by doing opposite of Option B, then option B would automatically become a suspect option (Much like a DS problem in Quant )
So lets break this condition of Option B by doing the reverse
Let us make the number of foreign films greater than domestic films
so Domestic film = 500 and foreign films = 1000
Now we have broken what Option B is assuming. Recheck the original option B yourself and see that we have reversed what B is saying.
ok !! good.. everyone agree?
Now lets move to statements
Statement 1 ) Within each category, the rate of acceptance for domestic films was the same as that for foreign films.
Rather than assuming that there are 10 categories assume there are only 2 categories JURY'S AWARD and PEOPLE"S AWARD. What you can prove for two categories, you can prove for prove for n number of categories by extending the logic as we will see later. But for now just assume that there are only these 2 categories.. JURY'S AWARD and PEOPLE"S AWARD
JURY'S AWARD ACCEPTANCE RATE = 1%
If 900 Foreign films out of 1000 foreign films compete for Jury's Award:-
1% of 900 foreign films will be finally accepted = 9 Foreign Films accepted
If 100 domestic films out of total 500 compete for same Jury's award then:-
1% of 100 domestic films will be finally accepted = 1 Domestic Film accepted
Now the second category is People's Award
PEOPLE'S AWARD ACCEPTANCE RATE = 50 %
How many foreign films out of 1000 are remaining to compete in this category (1000-900)= 100 films
50% of 100 foreign films = 50 Foreign Film
How many Domestic films out of 500 are remaining to compete in this category (500-100)= 400 films
50% of 400 foreign films = 200 Domestic Film
AND we have our solution
Total number of foreign films selected out of 1000 = (9+50)= 59 Foreign Films/ Total 1000 Foreign Films ==>59/1000
Total number of domestic film = (1+200)= 201 Domestic films = 201 Domestic Films / Total 500 Domestic Film ==>201/500
so we proved that despite rates of acceptance being similar and despite sending only 500 domestic films, the overall of number of domestic film selected (201) is greater than overall number of Foreign films selected (59) which send 1000 films
This is exactly opposite to what statement B says
B) Significantly more domestic films were submitted to the festival as compared to the foreign films (NOPE ... YOU ARE WRONG)
or what we SIMPLIFIED at the start
B) Number of Domestic film is more than number of foreign film. (NOPE ... YOU ARE WRONG AGAIN)
IS NOT THE ANSWER. THE ANSWER IS E
WHICH I PROVEN BY THE EXPLANATION.
Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.