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# Background information: This year, each film submitted to

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29 Jun 2010, 13:54
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This is kind of an inference + paradox question so the correct answer must be consistent with both fact 1 and fact 2. Since this is an inference question, we do not really need to use a negation technique. We only use negation technique on assumption questions in general. It is almost like a paradox question since fact 1 and fact 2 doesn't seems to be compatible with each other. If you have the same acceptance rate for each categories then why did the domestic film have a higher overall rate of acceptance than foreign film.

When you are faced with difficult CR question, there are two things you can do, first try to use your intuition and logic to get through a problem (it'll save you time), if that doesn't work then use a process of elimination since you don't have the whole day to ponder upon the logic behind this stimulus.

I got through this question by using a process of elimination + a little bit of intuition.

Answer choice A & C doesn't really address the issue in regards to the rate of acceptance. Therefore, we could quickly ruled them out.

Answer choice B (tricky choice): this is a trap by the test writer, it sounds correct but its not. This answer choice is consistent with fact #1. However, it is inconsistent with fact #2. In this question, we care about the rate of acceptance, not a total number of acceptance between two group. Try to use a number to illustrate this question.

Answer choice D: this again doesn't address the issue of the rate of acceptance. We don't care about the "requirement". We want to know why is there a slight discrepancy between fact 1 and fact 2.

Answer choice E is correct because it address the acceptance rate. Sunny has an amazing explanation to E. here it is:

' If most foreign films were submitted to the low acceptance categories, unlike domestic films, then this accounts for the overall low rate for foreign films while still maintaining that domestic rate equal foreign in each category.

for sake of simplicity we have 100 foreign and 100 domestic films. There are 5 high acceptance(20%) and 5 low acceptance categories(10%).

80 foreign films were nominated in the 5 low acceptance groups evenly, 16 each, 10% means just under 1.6 film per category, so in all 8 foreign films.
and say 20 domestic films were nominated in these categories evenly. 4 each and 10% would mean 0.4 films per cat and total of 2 domestic films.

For the high category, we have 80(16 in each) domestic and 20(4 in each) foreign films. 20 % would mean around 16 total domestic and 4 total foreign.

Total domestic - 18
Total Foreign - 12

Overall Domestic > Overall Foreign.

The numbers are jumbled up but I guess we get the picture." Bravo! Sunny

This is why E is correct.

p.s. I would encourage you guys to look at the correct answer which is on the "reveal" link before you post the explanation. This would really help minimizing the confusion in this explanation forum. The O.G answer key is E, so no one should argue why B is correct unless the O.G is wrong. But this is not a case on this question.
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03 Jul 2010, 15:30
good question. took quite some time to understand that OA should be E.
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01 Jul 2011, 08:29
B is correct I felt..but E seems more comprehensive and correct!
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03 Jul 2011, 06:23
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07 Aug 2011, 06:36
It's E! Straightforward! It came down to a tie between D and E, but E had the likelihood of being correct to higher degree.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2012, 05:08
Good question.. I was able to eliminate 3 wrong choices but eliminated the right choice like most of times i do.

I did not notice acceptance so choose B.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2012, 18:55
it is clear that either B or E is the AO.

Looking at the nature of these statements, I will choose B. because B resolves the paradox. allow both the facts to be true whereas option E gives more importance to second fact.

looking at the official Resolve the paradox question, one can come to know that AOs which support only statement and destroy the other are incorrect.
AO which resolves the paradox, ie which allows both the statements to be true is correct.

AO E also looks like an intelligent incorrect AO.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2012, 02:02
Missed this one. Felt this one was really tough for me. Came down to between D and E and chose D.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2013, 12:04
Excellent question! I went for the trap answer. But finally chose E.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2014, 23:26
Let's make it simple.

Let there be a total of 100 domestic and foreign films.

Lets there be 2 categories- One with High acceptance(50%) and the other with Low acceptance(10%).

If 80 foreign are submitted to Low acceptance(10%) category and 20 to High acceptance(50%) category, TOTAL ACCEPTANCE=8+10=18

If 70 domestic films are submitted to High acceptance(50%) category and 30 to Low acceptance(10%) category, TOTAL ACCEPTANCE=35+3=38

Therefore E.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2015, 06:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2015, 06:34
goalsnr wrote:
Background information: This year, each film submitted to the Barbizon Film Festival was submitted in one of ten categories. For each category, there was a panel that decided which submitted films to accept.

Fact 1: Within each category, the rate of acceptance for domestic films was the same as that for foreign films.

Fact 2: The overall rate of acceptance of domestic films was significantly higher than that of foreign films.

In light of the background information, which of the following, if true, can account for fact 1 and fact 2 both being true of the submissions to this year's Barbizon Film Festival?

(A) In each category, the selection panel was composed of filmmakers, and some selection panels included no foreign filmmakers.
(B) Significantly more domestic films than foreign films were submitted to the festival.
(C) In each of the past three years, the overall acceptance rate was higher for foreign than for domestic films, an outcome that had upset some domestic filmmakers.
(D) The number of films to be selected in each category was predetermined, but in no category was it required that the acceptance rate of foreign films should equal that of domestic films.
(E) Most foreign films, unlike most domestic films, were submitted in categories with high prestige, but with correspondingly low rates of acceptance.

I have chosen C.Can anyone explain why OA is E?
E is clearly going against the first statement(fact) by declaring "low rate of acceptance".
mikemcgarry can u help?
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2016, 03:48
The correct answer is E and not B.
Let me explain.

Option B relies on the fact that number of domestic film was higher than foreign film.
Read again what option B says:-
B) "Significantly more domestic films than foreign films were submitted to the festival."

Lets simplify Option B to make it more fluid and straightforward. It can be simplified as

B) Number of Domestic film is more than number of foreign film.
OK !!! Everyone with me till this point ?

Now lets see what option E says
E) "Most foreign films, unlike most domestic films, were submitted in categories with high prestige, but with correspondingly low rates of acceptance"

humm... now let us simplify the statement and remove bits that author deliberately put to confuse us. The simplified statements become

E) "Most foreign films were submitted in categories in which the acceptance rate was low"

B replies on the fact that number of domestic film is higher than foreign film.
Domestic films > Foreign films (do u remember this from the start of the problem )
so according to option B ===> Domestic films = 1000 and foreign films = 500

Now if somehow we are able to prove statement 1 and 2 by doing opposite of Option B, then option B would automatically become a suspect option (Much like a DS problem in Quant )

So lets break this condition of Option B by doing the reverse
Let us make the number of foreign films greater than domestic films
so Domestic film = 500 and foreign films = 1000
Now we have broken what Option B is assuming. Recheck the original option B yourself and see that we have reversed what B is saying.

ok !! good.. everyone agree?

Now lets move to statements

Statement 1 ) Within each category, the rate of acceptance for domestic films was the same as that for foreign films.

Rather than assuming that there are 10 categories assume there are only 2 categories JURY'S AWARD and PEOPLE"S AWARD. What you can prove for two categories, you can prove for prove for n number of categories by extending the logic as we will see later. But for now just assume that there are only these 2 categories.. JURY'S AWARD and PEOPLE"S AWARD

JURY'S AWARD ACCEPTANCE RATE = 1%

If 900 Foreign films out of 1000 foreign films compete for Jury's Award:-
1% of 900 foreign films will be finally accepted = 9 Foreign Films accepted
If 100 domestic films out of total 500 compete for same Jury's award then:-
1% of 100 domestic films will be finally accepted = 1 Domestic Film accepted

Now the second category is People's Award
PEOPLE'S AWARD ACCEPTANCE RATE = 50 %

How many foreign films out of 1000 are remaining to compete in this category (1000-900)= 100 films
50% of 100 foreign films = 50 Foreign Film

How many Domestic films out of 500 are remaining to compete in this category (500-100)= 400 films
50% of 400 foreign films = 200 Domestic Film

AND we have our solution
Total number of foreign films selected out of 1000 = (9+50)= 59 Foreign Films/ Total 1000 Foreign Films ==>59/1000
Total number of domestic film = (1+200)= 201 Domestic films = 201 Domestic Films / Total 500 Domestic Film ==>201/500

so we proved that despite rates of acceptance being similar and despite sending only 500 domestic films, the overall of number of domestic film selected (201) is greater than overall number of Foreign films selected (59) which send 1000 films
This is exactly opposite to what statement B says
B) Significantly more domestic films were submitted to the festival as compared to the foreign films (NOPE ... YOU ARE WRONG)
or what we SIMPLIFIED at the start
B) Number of Domestic film is more than number of foreign film. (NOPE ... YOU ARE WRONG AGAIN)

SO B IS NOT THE ANSWER. THE ANSWER IS E WHICH I PROVEN BY THE EXPLANATION.
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Re: Background information: This year, each film submitted to   [#permalink] 10 Jun 2016, 03:48

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