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Baker's Dozen

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Baker's Dozen  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2017, 09:01
7. Metropolis Corporation has 4 shareholders: Fritz, Luis, Alfred and Werner. Number of shares that Fritz owns is 2/3 rd of number of the shares of the other three shareholders, number of the shares that Luis owns is 3/7 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders and number of the shares that Alfred owns is 4/11 th of number of the shares of the other three shareholders. If dividends of $3,600,000 were distributed among the 4 shareholders, how much of this amount did Werner receive?
A. $60,000
B. $90,000
C. $100,000
D. $120,000
E. $180,000

Solution: http://gmatclub.com/forum/baker-s-dozen ... l#p1057509




Let F represents Fritz, L for Luis, A for Alfred and W for Werner

Fritz owns 2/3rd of the shares of the other three shareholders --> F = 2/3 (3,600,000 - F) ---> 3F = 7,200,000 - 2F ---> F = 1,440,000

Luis owns 3/7th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> L = 3/7 (3,600,000 - L) ---> 7L = 10,800,000 - 3L ---> L = 1,080,000

Alfred owns 4/11th of the shares of the other three shareholders --> A = 4/11 (3,600,000 - A) ---> 11A = 14,400,000 - 4A ---> A = 960,000

W= 3,600,000 -(F + L + A) ---> 3,600,000 - (1,440,000 + 1,080,000 + 960,000) = 120,000

Answer: D
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Re: Baker's Dozen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2017, 18:07
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Here's my solution for #2 (see visual below). It helps to use brackets!
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Baker's Dozen  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 03:51
Bunuel niks18

Quote:
A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215



Quote:
Say 7 consecutive odd integers are: \(x\), \(x+2\), \(x+4\), \(x+6\), \(x+8\), \(x+10\), \(x+12\).


I solved the same problem taking hint from number theory that a consecutive odd number is represented by:

2x+1 , 2x+3

My approach had slightly complex calculations but it ensured that my first no in series is always odd.

Is this understanding correct? Or can I still take a random integer x as start and then add +2 (to get consecutive ones)
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Re: Baker's Dozen  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 04:03
adkikani wrote:
Bunuel niks18

Quote:
A set A consists of 7 consecutive odd integers. If the sum of 5 largest integers of set A is -185 what is the sum of the 5 smallest integers of set A?
A. -165
B. -175
C. -195
D. -205
E. -215



Quote:
Say 7 consecutive odd integers are: \(x\), \(x+2\), \(x+4\), \(x+6\), \(x+8\), \(x+10\), \(x+12\).


I solved the same problem taking hint from number theory that a consecutive odd number is represented by:

2x+1 , 2x+3

My approach had slightly complex calculations but it ensured that my first no in series is always odd.

Is this understanding correct? Or can I still take a random integer x as start and then add +2 (to get consecutive ones)


In this question, as shown, you can take 7 consecutive odd integers to be \(x\), \(x+2\), \(x+4\), \(x+6\), \(x+8\), \(x+10\), and \(x+12\). For some number properties questions, you should represent odd integers, as 2k + 1, 2k + 3, ... Here you can also take the integers, to be 2k + 1, 2k + 3, ... but it's not necessary.
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Re: Baker's Dozen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2018, 04:59
1
nahid78 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTIONS:

1. A password on Mr. Wallace's briefcase consists of 5 digits. What is the probability that the password contains exactly three digit 6?

A. 860/90,000
B. 810/100,000
C. 858/100,000
D. 860/100,000
E. 1530/100,000

Total # of 5 digit codes is 10^5, notice that it's not 9*10^4, since in a code we can have zero as the first digit.

# of passwords with three digit 6 is \(9*9*C^3_5=810\): each out of two other digits (not 6) has 9 choices, thus we have 9*9 and \(C^3_5\) is ways to choose which 3 digits will be 6's out of 5 digits we have.

\(P=\frac{favorable}{total}=\frac{810}{10^5}\)

Answer: B.


I know this is how we solve this question. But can anyone please clarify why i don't get the same result if i work differently ....

Suppose other two numbers are also same 6,6,6, and 1,1 or 6,6,6 and 2,2 so on... or other two are different. 6,6,6,1, and 2, or 6,6,6,2,and 4


You do get the same result in this case too.

If the other 2 numbers are same, number of ways = 9C1 * 5!/3!*2! = 90
If the other 2 numbers are different, number of ways = 9C2 * 5!/3! = 720

Total = 90+720 = 810
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Re: Baker's Dozen &nbs [#permalink] 26 Mar 2018, 04:59

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