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Bans on smoking in public places discourage people from smoking

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Bans on smoking in public places discourage people from smoking  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 13:01
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C
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E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (02:16) correct 25% (02:00) wrong based on 53 sessions

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Bans on smoking in public places discourage people from smoking in general and protect the rights of non-smokers to a clean smoke-free environment. A study found that in the nine months following a similar smoking ban introduced in England, there was a 5.5% fall in the number of smokers in the country; the decrease in the number of smokers in the nine months preceding the ban was only 1.6%. Clearly, the obligation to move out of public places to smoke and thereby possibly desert non-smoking friends and colleagues encourages smokers to smoke less frequently and even give up smoking.

Which of the following would it be most important to consider while evaluating the above argument

A- Whether most of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument appreciated the ban in the first place
B- Whether most of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument switched to other non-smoking forms of tobacco consumption
C- Whether there is any decrease in the number of people reported with lung-cancer due to passive-smoking since the ban on smoking at public places in England was implemented
D- Whether a proportion of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument consisted of teenagers who are likely to smoke for recreational purposes.
E- Whether in places where the ban on smoking is implemented, the non-smokers chose to accompany the smokers on their smoking breaks.
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Re: Bans on smoking in public places discourage people from smoking  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 17:18
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A- Whether most of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument appreciated the ban in the first place
Appreciate' is a problematic word.
1. It could mean 'thankful for' the ban. If it's this, then no. Don't need to be thankful for the opportunity to quit to quit.
2. I think, rightly or wrongly, that it could also mean 'recognised the existence of'. If they don't recognise the existence of the ban then the ban shouldn't be the cause of the decrease.
I feel it's ambiguous, so it could be right or wrong. See if others are better or worse.

B- Whether most of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument switched to other non-smoking forms of tobacco consumption
Irrelevant. Doesn't matter if they replaced smoking with something else or not. Is there a reduction in smoking - yes or no.

C- Whether there is any decrease in the number of people reported with lung-cancer due to passive-smoking since the ban on smoking at public places in England was implemented
Lung cancer from smoking might be a reason why the ban was implemented, but the passage asks if it caused the reduction in smoking.

D- Whether a proportion of the people who contributed to the 5.5% decrease mentioned in the argument consisted of teenagers who are likely to smoke for recreational purposes.
Teenagers. Recreational. Irrelevant. Maybe this is to trip people up who focus on the sentence "non-smoking friends and colleagues" and think teenagers+recreation =friends.

E- Whether in places where the ban on smoking is implemented, the non-smokers chose to accompany the smokers on their smoking breaks.
"Clearly, the obligation to move out of public places to smoke and thereby possibly desert non-smoking friends and colleagues". Unlike the teenagers mentioned above, this option explicitly refers to this sentence. Non-smokers and smokers want to be together. Can't as a ban separates the smokers.
This is not ambiguous, unlike A.

E
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Re: Bans on smoking in public places discourage people from smoking   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2018, 17:18
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