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# Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of

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Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2011, 07:27
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Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of gasoline-powered cars with those of electric cars is misleading. He examines only production of the cars, whereas it is the product's total life cycle-production, use, and recycling-that matters in determining its environmental impact. A typical gasoline-powered car consumes 3 times more resources and produces 15 to 20 times more air pollution than a typical electric car.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion of the argument?

(A) Baumgartner makes a deceptive comparison between the environmental hazards of gasoline powered and electric cars.
(B) The use of a typical gasoline-powered car results in much greater resource depletion than does the use of a typical electric car.
(C) Baumgartner uses inaccurate data in his comparison of the environmental hazards of gasoline-powered and electric cars.
(D) The total life cycle of a product is what matters in assessing its environmental impact.
(E) The production of gasoline-powered cars creates more environmental hazards than does that of electric cars.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Divyadisha on 08 Nov 2016, 13:28, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question
If you have any questions
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 23:07
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Lets dissect the argument.

Statement I: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of gasoline-powered cars VS electric cars is misleading.

Statement II : He examines only production of the cars, whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters.

Statement III (example for Statement II) - A typical gasoline-powered car consumes 3 times more resources and produces 15 to 20 times more air pollution than a typical electric car.

A Simple Therefore test ( Premise , therefore conclusion) or Why Test (Why Conclusion ? Ans = Premise) will help you pick the correct premise and conclusion.

Lets apply it to the problem.

1) Statement I is premise, Statement II is conclusion.

Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards is misleading. Therefore, He examines only production of the cars,whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters. --Does not make any sense. Our selection of Premise - Conclusion is not correct.

2) Statement II is premise, Statement I is conclusion.

Baumgartner examines only production of the cars, whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters. Therefore, Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards is misleading -- makes perfect sense.

Hence Statement II is the premise and Statement I is the conclusion.

This means Choice D, though true, is the premise. Choice A is the Conclusion.
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 04:40
IMO A
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 04:53
mundasingh123 wrote:
IMO A

correct,but did you find it a bit confusing to choose the conclusion or it was too easy to do that?
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 05:20
vjsharma25 wrote:
mundasingh123 wrote:
IMO A

correct,but did you find it a bit confusing to choose the conclusion or it was too easy to do that?

It was not confusing . I was between A and D . Since the argument centres arounds BG s method of comparison , i went for A . However since D is also true , i was a bit nervous about ignoring D
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2011, 18:44
Same here, split between A and D. Went with A
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2011, 08:45
HI,Could you plz explain why the option C is not right?
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 03:21
"A" for me
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 05:45
why not C?
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 07:16
vjsharma25 wrote:
Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of
gasoline-powered cars with those of electric cars is
misleading. He examines only production of the cars,
whereas it is the product's total life cycle-production, use,
and recycling-that matters in determining its environmental
impact. A typical gasoline-powered car consumes 3 times
more resources and produces 15 to 20 times more air
pollution than a typical electric car.

Which one of the following most accurately expresses the
conclusion of the argument?

(A) Baumgartner makes a deceptive comparison between the
environmental hazards of gasoline powered and
electric cars.
(B) The use of a typical
gasoline-powered car results in much greater
resource depletion than does the use of a typical
electric car.
(C) Baumgartner uses inaccurate data in his
comparison of the environmental hazards of
gasoline-powered and electric cars.
(D) The total life cycle of a product is what matters
in assessing its environmental impact.
(E) The production of gasoline-powered cars creates
more environmental hazards than does that of
electric cars.

Is it the same from Powerscore LSAT Logical Reasoning Bible?
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 06:00
conclusion: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of gasoline-powered cars with those of electric cars is misleading.

A is paraphrasing of the conclusion and is the correct option.
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2011, 11:10
Any reason for not picking D...

'Deceptive comparison' wording confused me..
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2011, 02:10
crick20002002 wrote:
Lets dissect the argument.

Statement I: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of gasoline-powered cars VS electric cars is misleading.

Statement II : He examines only production of the cars, whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters.

Statement III (example for Statement II) - A typical gasoline-powered car consumes 3 times more resources and produces 15 to 20 times more air pollution than a typical electric car.

A Simple Therefore test ( Premise , therefore conclusion) or Why Test (Why Conclusion ? Ans = Premise) will help you pick the correct premise and conclusion.

Lets apply it to the problem.

1) Statement I is premise, Statement II is conclusion.

Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards is misleading. Therefore, He examines only production of the cars,whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters. --Does not make any sense. Our selection of Premise - Conclusion is not correct.

2) Statement II is premise, Statement I is conclusion.

Baumgartner examines only production of the cars, whereas it is the product's total life cycle that matters. Therefore, Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards is misleading -- makes perfect sense.

Hence Statement II is the premise and Statement I is the conclusion.

This means Choice D, though true, is the premise. Choice A is the Conclusion.

+1 the explanation. Now i get it..I have to learn to split arguments into premises and conclusion to improve my accuracy..it makes it more systematic to answer draw conclusions questions..
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 09:26
Awesome explanation crick20002002. That really helped. I mistook the premise to be the conclusion.

Moreover, there is one more thing that I have heard: a statement already explicitly mentioned in the argument can NEVER be the conclusion of the argument. D does just that. Is that another reason for D to be wrong?

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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 10:30
Eshika wrote:
HI,Could you plz explain why the option C is not right?

The argument says that the assumptions made in the survey are not correct, hence the survey is misleading.There is no where mentioned that inaccurate data has been used in the study.
Thus A is the correct answer
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2011, 04:56
siddharthmuzumdar wrote:
Awesome explanation crick20002002. That really helped. I mistook the premise to be the conclusion.

Moreover, there is one more thing that I have heard: a statement already explicitly mentioned in the argument can NEVER be the conclusion of the argument. D does just that. Is that another reason for D to be wrong?

I think you meant Assumption.

An assumption is never explicitly stated in the argument.
A conclusion is always a part of argument(rarely also provided in the question stem , but mostly in the argument).

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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2012, 05:40
Got it..
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2012, 06:33
+1 D after seeing Crick2002's explanation
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2012, 14:19
+1 for Crick2002's explanation
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2012, 08:19
What makes this one confusing is that the conclusion is written in the very first line. try placing it in the last and see how easy it is to identify the conclusion.
IMO A
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Re: Baumgartner's comparison of the environmental hazards of   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2012, 08:19

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