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Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully

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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 23:28
Although I chose C, I am not very convinced with "which she carefully....".

Should'nt it be "which were carefully coordinated...."
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 04:34
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rekhabishop wrote:
Although I chose C, I am not very convinced with "which she carefully....".

Should'nt it be "which were carefully coordinated...."


Both are alright:
In the first case, "which" is used as an object (the doer of the action (she) is the subject, "which" is the object - active voice).
In your example "which" is used as subject (hence passive voice - doer of the action (she) is NOT the subject). Another example:

I have a pet dog, which my mother does not like. Correct (the relative clause is in active voice - "which" object of the clause).
I have a pet dog, which is not liked by my mother. Correct (the relative clause is in passive voice - "which" subject of the clause).
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 06:44
sayantanc2k wrote:
rekhabishop wrote:
Although I chose C, I am not very convinced with "which she carefully....".

Should'nt it be "which were carefully coordinated...."


Both are alright:
In the first case, "which" is used as an object (the doer of the action (she) is the subject, "which" is the object - active voice).
In your example "which" is used as subject (hence passive voice - doer of the action (she) is NOT the subject). Another example:

I have a pet dog, which my mother does not like. Correct (the relative clause is in active voice - "which" object of the clause).
I have a pet dog, which is not liked by my mother. Correct (the relative clause is in passive voice - "which" subject of the clause).


Thanks! This helps. :)
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 23:51
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 22:50
mikemcgarry : Hey Mike, I hope you are having a great weekend. I was working on this OG problem and was analyzing the solution, when I came across your video lesson on this particular SC. In the video, you have mentioned that Choice E can not be correct because it does not have two full working verbs- while we have "capitalized" i.e a full working verb after the comma, we don't have a working verb before "and", I was wondering whether this is true and would need some guidance please. What I understand from the Choice E is that " Beatrix Potter carefully coordinated them with her narratives and capitalized...... "

Since she is the main doer of the action, it looks to me that both coordinated and communicated are the main verbs, and this is a correct grammatical construction. So I really don t see the point that we just have one full working verb here- i.e CAPITALIZED. I believe that the word COORDINATED also performs the same function.(obviously, I removed the "in her book illustrations" phrase as it was a non-essential modifier.)

Now, I chose answer C to this problem, and the reason I chose C over E was that in Choice C, the sentence after removing the non-essestial modifier looks like this :

Choice C after refining : In her book illustrations, Beatrix Potter capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

While Choice E looks like this :
Beatrix Potter carefully coordinated them with her narratives and capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

Looks like Choice E is talking very generically and losing its focus on the book, which has been clearly defined in Choice C. Have I refined the 2 choices correctly and is my thinking process correct?

Can you please help me this Mike? I hope I am asking the right questions. Thanks Much.
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 22:50
The Question is missing the underline.

Mods, please edit accordingly.
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 10:23
It took me 32 seconds to solve this.
I am really surprised. ;-)
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 10:00
Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

(A) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives,
- "coordinating" breaks parallelism with "capitalized". "coordinating" should be "coordinated" b/c "capitalized" is NOT UNDERLINED.

(B) In her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
- same as "A"

(C) In her book illustrations, which she carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
- correct as is

(D) Carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations
- "carefully coordinated" illogically modifies "Beatrix Potter". also, illustrations do not capitalize...

(E) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinated them with her narratives and
- "carefully coordinated them" = unclear. what does "them" refer to?

toughie - important takeaways:
> BP did 2 things: COORDINATED illustrations with narratives, and CAPITALIZED on her keen observation.
> Meaning here matters. Understand that the illustrations were coordinated with a narrative, so ", which" helps here.
-- Modifier error ("Carefully coordinated with her narratives, BP") = incorrect
-- "BP, ..., carefully coordinated them" = unclear

Kudos please if you find this helpful :)
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 02:37
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Thanks for posting your query here. :-)

In this sentence, since there is no clause preceding the verb -ing modifier, the phrase 'carefully coordinating them with her narratives' is modifying the prepositional phrase 'in her book illustrations'. Hence, the modification is illogical.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubt! :-)

Regards,
Meghna



Could you please help me understand whether the above mentioned "ing modifier cannot refer to prepositional phrases" is a rule in GMAT??
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 05:08
huntgmat wrote:
Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

(A) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives,
(B) In her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(C) In her book illustrations, which she carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(D) Carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations
(E) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinated them with her narratives and


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi Guys, I have difficulty to understand the OG explanation for elimination of option E.
It says: "them cannot refer back to book illustrations as it is object of the preposition in" ???? What does it exactly mean.
Is it some kind of rule , I hunted on net with faliure.


Sentence Analysis
The sentence starts with saying “Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations”, so we expect that Beatrix Potter did something in her book illustrations. However, this part is then followed by a verb-ing modifier “carefully coordinating them with her narratives”. An observation: one modifier after the other in this structure does look awkward!

It seems that Beatrix Potter carefully coordinated these illustrations with her narratives. However, since “in her book illustrations” appears right before this modifier, it seems that she coordinated the book illustrations in her book illustrations! Therefore, the structure of the sentence doesn’t look amiable to clear understanding.

The sentence then says “capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world”. It seems that BP capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world by carefully coordinating book illustrations with her narratives.

All in all, there doesn’t seem to be a deterministic error. However, the structure of sentences leaves much to be desired.

Option Analysis
(A) Incorrect. For the distorted structure of the sentence.

(B) Incorrect. Just as in the original sentence, it seems that BP carefully coordinated book illustrations in her book illustrations (since “in her book illustrations” immediately precedes “carefully coordinating them” – them stands for book illustrations). Also, the presence of two clause modifiers – one after the other – makes the structure of the sentence awkward.

(C) Correct. Using a relative clause, this option makes the sentence clear. Now, the meaning of the sentence is that in her book illustrations, BP capitalized on her qualities. The “which” clause provides additional information about book illustrations. The “which” clause means that BP carefully coordinated these book illustrations with her narratives. Therefore, this sentence is grammatically and logically correct.

(D) Incorrect. The opening verb-ed modifier “coordinated” modifies the subject of the clause “Beatrix Potter”, meaning that BP herself was carefully coordinated with her narratives. Clearly, the meaning is illogical and not intended.

(E) Incorrect. This structure clearly means that BP coordinated book illustrations (them) in her book illustrations – an illogical meaning.
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Re: Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 05:46
This QUESTION is entirely meaning based.

Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

(A) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives,
(B) In her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(C) In her book illustrations, which she carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(D) Carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations
(E) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinated them with her narratives and

The non sensical meaning, Carefully coordinating book illustrations ... in her book illustrations, is repeated in 3 of the choices -- A, B and E.

Option D, means Beatrix Potter was carefully coordinated with her narratives... NON SENSICAL.
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Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 09:00
huntgmat wrote:
Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, capitalized on her keen observation and love of the natural world.

(A) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives,
(B) In her book illustrations, carefully coordinating them with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(C) In her book illustrations, which she carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter
(D) Carefully coordinated with her narratives, Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations
(E) Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully coordinated them with her narratives and


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hi Guys, I have difficulty to understand the OG explanation for elimination of option E.
It says: "them cannot refer back to book illustrations as it is object of the preposition in" ???? What does it exactly mean.
Is it some kind of rule , I hunted on net with faliure.



First, the question asked, [ Why can the object of preposition not be antecedent for "them"? ] Its because them is a pronoun and it can only have a noun as its antecedent.

Answer is C.

A- Use of them is wrong
B-Uses them again, secondly structure is set up in a way which can be improved immensely.
D- It is not Beatrix Potter who is coordinated with her illustrations but her narrative. Illogical meaning
E- Use of them is wrong again. Read the sentence slowly [ In her book illustrations, carefully coordinated them with her ....]. In her book is already mentioned, what is [ them ] referring to?

It seems like all sentences with [ Them ] are suggesting that there is something in her book illustrations with which her narrative is well coordinated. But that " Something" is missing is from the entire sentence. Hence it is an error. However Logical meaning is that her book illustrations are well coordinated with her narrative.

Regards
Beatrix Potter, in her book illustrations, carefully   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2017, 09:00

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