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# Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2013, 05:01
Use due to when u modify a noun and because when we modify a verb

Ex: it is cold due to westward wind (wrong - use because)
Azizona's cold wind is due to westward strom (Correct)

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 21:15
Some posters have given the idea that the order is not ok with option (D).

Due to plunging computer chip prices from an
oversupply,

IMHO it is correct "Plunging computer chip prices" from an Oversupply

Oversupply => "Plunging computer chip prices"

And DUE to the above FACT , Main clause.

Some experts have said DUE TO <=> CAUSED BY

CAUSED BY PLUNGING OF PRICES,main clause

But the main clause is not CAUSED by only PLUNGING of Prices. However, MC is caused by the whole ACTION.

Hence the use of BECAUSE is justified and DUE to in unjustified.

Hope it makes sense !
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2013, 07:20
1
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goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms

Trivikram

11-p257789?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257789

ak_Idc

11-p257169?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257169

Just to point out that GMAT usually does not like 'due to'

GMAT Black List

Due to
Like
Being
if (vs. whether)
actually
... etc..

Hope it helps
Cheers!
J

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 08:46
egmat wrote:
Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.

Why is it that in choice B, the ",which" doesn't refer to the noun right before it -- chips? Does ",which" imply singular/plural?

Can ",which" in C refer to plunging at all or does it always have to refer to a noun and plunging is a gerund?

Thanks!

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 09:45
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

Actually which always modifies the nearest grammatically eligible word preceding it.

B says: which is due to an oversupply...

Because of the presence of is (a singular verb), only singular nouns will be grammatically eligible to be modified by which. But here, there is no singular noun present (plunging prices and computer chips are both plural); hence which actually does not have any noun to modify here.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the which and that pronouns, and what they modify, in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 13:30
Its A in 30 if you have developed the GMAT ear...All others sound a bit awkward..D too ..
And here 'Because' with the cause effect relationship quickly dethrones D from the contender spot..A it is
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 03:19
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.

Hi warriorsquared,
I don’t know whether you are looking for the reply or not, but here it is anyways.

You are correct in saying that the “which” modifier modifies the preceding noun, but it can also modify a slightly far away noun, depending on the context of the sentence. Let’s see how:

The sword of the great Tipu Sultan, which was used in the famous battle of Pollilur, resides in the Local Arts Museum.

In the above sentence, the modifier ‘which’ jumps over the prepositional phrase “of the great Tipu Sultan” to modify slightly far away noun ‘the sword’ since the prepositional phrase is modifying the noun “the sword” and hence it cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence.

Let’s take two more examples:
The Hindi translation of this book, which was done by a prominent Hindi author, is one of the best Hindi translations till today. (‘which’ modifies ‘The Hindi translation’)

• The English translation of the book, which was originally written in Hindi, was done in 1998. (‘which’ modifies ‘the book’)

To learn more about how a noun modifier can modify a slightly far away noun, please refer to the following link:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html#p1105003

Note that, when there are more than one possible antecedents for a pronoun, then we replace the pronoun by the possible antecedents one by one and check which one of the antecedents makes sense in the sentence.

Now, coming to your question, let’s replace “which” by “plunging prices” and “computer chips”:

• Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

As we can see, it does not make sense to say “computer chips is due to an oversupply”. So, “which” cannot refer to “computer chips”.
Now, it makes sense to say “plunging prices is due to an oversupply”, but the subject verb pair does not agree in number. So, this is also incorrect. However, now we know that logically “which” can refer to plunging prices.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2014, 04:07
Option A is correct.

It is a modifier question. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, is the modifier. Replacing is with Option D is wrong because of "DUE TO". DUE TO is modifying the 'Manufacturers' which is not correct.

'Because/Because of' modifies the whole clause/idea
'Due to' modifies the noun only.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2015, 17:41
egmat wrote:
Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.

My choice is between (A) and (D), but I'll go for (A).

(A) The ENTIRE sentence"Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging" acts as a MODIFIER that explains the entire idea of the following sentence. Additionally, a clause is correctly following BECAUSE.

(D) The first part here describes the following noun, which is "the manufacturer" --> It doesn't make sense.
Consider this example: Due to a delay in London, the flight was unable to leave until this morning.[/color] --> CORRECT

And here is my wrap up about the usage of because, because of and due to (please correct me if I'm wrong):

<> BECAUSE + Main Clause

Because a gas pipeline exploded, several homes burned down.

<> BECAUSE OF + NOUN Phrase

The laces were quite mad at the shoe because of the treatment they had been receiving as of late.

<> DUE TO + Noun Phrase

THE TRICK
Due to has to follow some form of the verb to be.
he moon’s incessant yawning was due to all the overtime day shifts he had been working.

<> DUE TO THE FACT + Main Clause

The difference must have been due to the fact that Minh had been living in a more pleasant environment for six months.

And here are some usefull links to practice because, because of, due to etc....

http://linguistech.ca/Tips+and+Tricks+- ... vs.+Due+to
http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/19-1.html
http://www2.elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/exercises/because.htm

Hope this helps.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2015, 07:27
D is not a possible solution because the use of Due to is not correct. The litmus test for "due to" is if it can be replaced with "caused by".

Eg. The match was canceled because of rain. (correct)

The match was canceled due to rain. (incorrect)

Similarly, in options D if you replace Due to with caused by --> Caused by plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply... Makes no sense.

Therefore D is not a possible solution.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2015, 22:30
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Yes, would agree. "caused by" is correct if we can substitute it with "attributable to".

So, D is:

Attributable to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

But manufacturer was not attributable to plunging computer chip prices. That is the reason for D not being correct.

Also, I feel that D is not depicting the meaning properly, because it says "plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply"; oversupply of what? It should be clear "oversupply of computer chips".

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 06:19
(D) is incorrect because it distorts the intended meaning of the original sentence.
According to the original sentence, the manufacturer decided to slash production because of a progress---oversupply reduces price.
However (D) indicates that the manufacturer did this because of decreasing prices, "from an oversupply" is just a modifier to modify "prices".

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2016, 11:46
The right answer is A.

Here the use of the idiom "because of" is not significant because the main clause at the end properly completed the sentence which started with the subordinate clause.

in D, it changes the overall meaning slightly. "Plunging computer chip prices" is a result of an oversupply. Hence the use of "from an oversupply" is not correctly used here.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2016, 08:03
Lol. Like I posted before, even tutors (from Magoosh, Kaplan, Manhattan) cannot figure out the right answers sometimes. GMAT verbal is subjective :D. I got the right answer because it felt right/because of the right feel of the answer, Oops can't say right feel of the answer because it's wordy and awkward :D

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2017, 09:48
I'd request for an experts response on this. I am slightly confused about the tense used in the correct option A.

We have used present perfect in both the clauses to highlight that there is a continued effect. But is it grammatically correct to frame a sentence in the form:
Because present perfect, present perfect?

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2017, 10:06
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poojamathur21 wrote:
I'd request for an experts response on this. I am slightly confused about the tense used in the correct option A.

We have used present perfect in both the clauses to highlight that there is a continued effect. But is it grammatically correct to frame a sentence in the form:
Because present perfect, present perfect?

Posted from my mobile device

Yes, there is nothing wrong is using the sentences like this.

It is trying to convey the meaning that both the plunging of price and the announcement happened at the same time and are still continuing/their effect is still continuing.

So, we should never reject any answer based on the decision point you made above.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2017, 20:14
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2017, 21:28
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging
--> Correct.

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply
--> awkward and redundant.

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply
--> awkward and redundant.

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply
--> Due to is used to modify only NOUNS, NOT VERBS.

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging
--> Due to is used to modify only NOUNS, NOT VERBS. awkward and redundant.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 12:31
goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms

Trivikram

http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-p257789?t= ... ng#p257789

ak_Idc

http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-p257169?t= ... ng#p257169

A Correct.
B The "which" adverbial phrase modifies "computer chips."
C Here "because" and "resulted from" are redundant. "Which" is also vague.
D "Due to" is incorrect here because "due to" should almost always be preceded by the verb "to be."
E "Due to" is incorrect here because "due to" should almost always be preceded by the verb "to be."

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices   [#permalink] 14 May 2017, 12:31

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