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# Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices

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Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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23 May 2008, 14:17
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms

Trivikram

http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-p257789?t= ... ng#p257789

ak_Idc

http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-p257169?t= ... ng#p257169
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by goalsnr on 24 May 2008, 14:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2008, 14:13
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Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

I think the answer is A. D changes the orginial meaning of the sentence. A says that the manufacturer will cut production due to oversupply of computer chips.

D says that the manufacturer will cut production due to plunging computer prices.

Anyone else agree with me???

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2012, 11:46
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Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2011, 10:11
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the OA is A. I am looking at the OG right now. I swear answers are always posted incorrectly on this forum (first time I am posting, but I keep seeing these errors...)

This sentence describes a causal sequence of events: The oversupply of chips caused prices to plunge, which in turn caused the manufacturer to announce factory closings to cut production. The clearest, most efficient way to express this sequence is to present the events in chronological order, as they occurred.

A Correct. Events are presented concisely, in chronological order.
B Because which refers to plural prices, it should be followed by are, not is.
C The violation of chronological order is confusing; reference of which is ambiguous.
D This backward description of the events behind the announcement of factory closings is confusing and awkward.
E Due to followed by with the result is redundant and unnecessarily wordy.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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24 May 2008, 08:38
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hanumayamma wrote:
Stumbled on this!

A has idiom issue: Because of … is correct idiom, not because ....

Its Ok to use "because" at the beginning of the sentence.

http://www.bartleby.com/64/C001/015.html

because beginning a sentence. “Because I could not stop for Death—/He kindly stopped for me”. So begins one of Emily Dickinson’s most well-known poems, and so falls another of the more arbitrary rules of usage, which states that you should not begin a sentence with because. As Dickinson’s poem attests, there are occasions when because is perfectly appropriate as the opening word of a sentence. In fact, sentences beginning with because are quite common in written English
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2011, 14:04
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I do not think it is whining. This is an OG problem. There is only 1 correct answer. The original poster of this thread stated that the official answer was D. He said:

"I picked A on this one. But the OA is D."

This is NOT correct. The answer is in fact A.

It is frustrating when someone posts a wrong answer as the OFFICIAL answer.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:15
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It is a well known trivia on GMAT (though this fact is not just limited to GMAT alone:)) that the usage of due to is appropriate when you can substitute due to (literally substitute in the sentence) with caused by.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2008, 16:42
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My 2 cents

GMAT test because of and due to

NOT

Because and Due to

That said, I looked at what made the manufacture cut down on production

OS or Price Plunge. Its the PP

This is clearly a modifier Q and if you ask the Q what is because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the answer is manufacturer cut production. Sentence not only misses of but also sounds as if OS made the manufacturer to cut down production

In D there is no such ambiguity. What is due to the Plunging computer chip prices?

Manufacturer decided to cut down production.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2011, 19:33
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schandok wrote:
Any explanations why D is wrong. in A, 'oversupply sent prices high' seems little odd. Experts please explain.

"Due to" is correct if it can be replaced by "caused by" and the resulting sentence stil makes sense.

Caused by plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month => does not make sense. we have a dangling modifier.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2013, 07:20
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goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms

Trivikram

11-p257789?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257789

ak_Idc

11-p257169?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257169

Just to point out that GMAT usually does not like 'due to'

GMAT Black List

Due to
Like
Being
if (vs. whether)
actually
... etc..

Hope it helps
Cheers!
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2015, 22:30
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Yes, would agree. "caused by" is correct if we can substitute it with "attributable to".

So, D is:

Attributable to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

But manufacturer was not attributable to plunging computer chip prices. That is the reason for D not being correct.

Also, I feel that D is not depicting the meaning properly, because it says "plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply"; oversupply of what? It should be clear "oversupply of computer chips".
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2017, 10:06
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poojamathur21 wrote:
I'd request for an experts response on this. I am slightly confused about the tense used in the correct option A.

We have used present perfect in both the clauses to highlight that there is a continued effect. But is it grammatically correct to frame a sentence in the form:
Because present perfect, present perfect?

Posted from my mobile device

Yes, there is nothing wrong is using the sentences like this.

It is trying to convey the meaning that both the plunging of price and the announcement happened at the same time and are still continuing/their effect is still continuing.

So, we should never reject any answer based on the decision point you made above.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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24 May 2008, 10:33
straight D

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices(which prices?) plunging -> not preferred, GMAT does not like statements that start with because

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply-> awkward construction

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply-> look at this as a cause and effect, cause is comp. chip prices crashed due to an oversupply and effect is...rest of the sentence

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging -> awkward
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2010, 10:14
A manufacturer does not have to refer to a person. It will very often refer to a company, and a company is always gender-neutral. So it is the automatic choice of pronoun.

Tata Motor is a company and a manufacturer. But can we call it he or she? Nay.

Secondly, why is the worry about something which is not underlined? Take it as it is and get along. That is the wy to practice GMAT prep.
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Last edited by daagh on 30 Apr 2017, 11:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2010, 13:53
SnehaC,

The correct pronoun to refer to manufacturers and other inanimate entities (company, book, telephone, government) is "it."

You would only use "he" or "she" with living beings. If the statement said: "The manager told us to fix the problem today or he would fire us" then you would need to use "he."

Regarding your other point: On the GMAT, the antecedent is not optional; the antecedent must be present and unambiguous.

Feel free to write back with other questions!

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2011, 13:58
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
I totally agree with vbansal ... can't believe that people are posting questions without the official answers . Its very frustrating, especially for newcomers, to go through all incorrect "correct" answer choices and trying to figure out which one is correct.

Deepaksharma,
If thats the case stick with the standard GMAC material and stop whining. Unless you have exhausted standard sources you should not even be looking at other material such as the 1000 series. Some questions don't have a OA or sometimes someone may not agree with the OA and so post a question. Discussion and debates help you learn better. Please dont discourage people from posting here.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 02:52
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
deepaksharma1986 wrote:
I totally agree with vbansal ... can't believe that people are posting questions without the official answers . Its very frustrating, especially for newcomers, to go through all incorrect "correct" answer choices and trying to figure out which one is correct.

Deepaksharma,
If thats the case stick with the standard GMAC material and stop whining. Unless you have exhausted standard sources you should not even be looking at other material such as the 1000 series. Some questions don't have a OA or sometimes someone may not agree with the OA and so post a question. Discussion and debates help you learn better. Please dont discourage people from posting here.

Goalsnr,
I think you have failed to realise the fact that this is a question from a STANDARD GMAC source. No one is whinning here and I don't have a problem of discouraging people. It just becomes annoying because people post questions (especially from official sources) without official answers & that leads to unnecessary debates. And don't ever patronize me about sticking to something or not, do ur own thing and let me do my own

Read my previous post and that will clarify your invalid assumptions. The world does not operate on your likes and dislikes. Also don't patronize me on what annoys you. What may seem unnecessary to you may be important to others. If you want to do your own thing let others do their own thing as well.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2011, 11:13
Can anybody help me in understanding the noun to which the pronoun 'which' refers to in choice B:
Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply....

What I have learned is that 'which' refers to the noun IMMEDIATELY preceding it. Is the noun 'computer chips' or 'plunging prices'?

TIA
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 11:02
In A 'oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging' sounds awkward to me. What is plunging here - A noun? I don't get why 'send prices plunging' is used. Is this normal usage?

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2013, 11:41
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A very very important point to note in the usage of Because of and Due to
Because of - used when the EFFECT is a VERB
eg) The match was postponed because of the rain
Here, in this sentence the effect is a Verb . Hence Eliminate D and E

Due to - when the EFFECT is a Noun
eg) The Postponement of the match was due to the rain

Using POE , u can arrive at A

Hope this helps
Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2013, 11:41

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